Fire Ground Survival Emergency SCBA Operations & Mayday Procedures The major causes of firefighter fatalities inside structure fires are: • Lost inside the structure • Structural collapse • Fire progress (including back draft and flashover) • Most fatalities are due to running out of air (smoke inhalation) Are we prepared if we are lost, trapped, or separated from our crew? Practical Drills • Mayday Procedures/Fire Ground Survival • SCBA Emergency Operations • Firefighter Rescue NIOSH Recommendations Mayday Procedure • Transmit a distress signal • Activate PASS device • Conserve air • Stay calm and avoid unnecessary physical activity • Determine potential escape routes • Stay in radio contact • Flashlight toward the ceiling • Make tapping noises with a tool on the floor or wall “GRAB LIVES” Procedure • • • • G – Gauge (check air) R – Radio (mayday) A – Activate (pass) B – Breathing (control) • • • • • L – Low (stay low) I – Illuminate (flashlight) V – Volume (make noise) E – Exit (find an exit) S – Shield Airway (hood or glove) Radio “Mayday” • Use communications model to get IC’s attention • Radio “Mayday, Mayday, Mayday, Command from Engine 1” • IC will clear the air for emergency traffic for the Mayday Radio “Mayday” • Radio your Name, Unit #, and your PLAN • • • • P – Problem L – Location A – Air N – Needs • “This is Firefighter Jones from Engine 1. I’m separated from my crew. I’m in a closet in the basement. My air is1500. I need a crew to lead me out.” Mayday Procedures • IC will activate the RIT/RIC to location • IC will also notify interior crews to search for the missing FF or crew • IC will instruct the missing FF or crew to activate PASS, turn on flashlight, and make noise EMER Button • Only use the EMER Button if you cannot verbally report a Mayday • EMER activation will be treated as a Mayday • Takes the user to an EMER talk group • Comm. Center notifies IC and attempts to contact the user 5 Reasons to Call a Firefighter Emergency/MAYDAY 1. Separated from Crew or “Lost” 2. SCBA Malfunction or Low Air 3. Injured or Disabled 4. Trapped, Pinned, or Entangled in Debris 5. Any life threatening condition that cannot be resolved in 30 seconds Rule of Air Management (ROAM) • Know how much air you have in your SCBA • Manage your air so that you leave the hazardous environment BEFORE your low air alarm activates • Report “Team Air” with your CANA radio reports Practical Skills • • • Mayday Procedures/Fire Ground Survival Emergency SCBA Operations Firefighter Rescue See you there!