FIREFIGHTER I • LESSON 1B TS 1B–1 GOALS OF A FIREFIGHTER SAFETY PROGRAM • Preventing human suffering, deaths, injuries, and exposures to hazardous atmospheres and contagious diseases • Preventing damage/loss of equipment • Reducing the incidence and severity of accidents and hazardous exposures Safety practices cannot simply be taught – they must be practiced and enforced. TS 1B–2a FIREFIGHTER HEALTH GUIDELINES • Stay informed about job-related health issues. • Follow recommendations for vaccination against hepatitis B. • Use precautions to avoid exposure to HIV. • Learn proper lifting techniques. • Use tools designed to assist in lifting heavy objects. • Properly clean and store tools and equipment used in patient care. TS 1B–2b FIREFIGHTER HEALTH GUIDELINES (cont.) • Maintain a regular exercise program to sustain physical fitness. • Maintain a diet that reduces cholesterol, fat, and sodium intake. • Be aware of cardiovascular and cancer risks. • Have regular physicals and medical check-ups. TS 1B–3 EMPLOYEE ASSISTANCE PROGRAM AREAS OF ASSISTANCE • Alcohol abuse • Divorce • Drug abuse • Career development • Personal problems • Nutrition • Stress • Hypertension • Depression • Smoking cessation • Anxiety • Weight control TS 1B–4 BENEFITS OF AN EMPLOYEE ASSISTANCE PROGRAM • Is available to all members and their families • Provides referrals • Provides health education and counseling • Assists with handling critical incident stress Prebriefing Debriefing (CISD) Defusing TS 1B–5 APPARATUS SAFETY RULES • Seat yourself in the apparatus. • Do not ride standing anywhere on the apparatus. • Do not dress while apparatus is in motion. • Ride within fully enclosed portion of cab; if unable, wear helmet and eye protection. • Wear ear protection if noise level exceeds 90 decibels. • Fasten your seat belt. • Never ride on the tailboard. • Use handrails when dismounting apparatus. • Jump clear of apparatus that may be in contact with electrical wires. TS 1B–6 PERSONAL SAFETY RULES IN THE FIRE STATION • Use proper lifting techniques to prevent back injury. • Keep floors clean and free of slipping hazards. • Watch your footing on stairs and uneven surfaces. • Keep traffic areas free of tripping hazards. • Be sure that aisles are unobstructed and that stairs are well lighted. • Maintain handrails, slide poles, and slides in a safe condition. TS 1B–7 TOOL & EQUIPMENT SAFETY RULES • Replace damaged or broken tools. • Return tools to storage after use. • Inspect and clean tools before storing. • Secure manufacturer’s approval before modifying a tool. • Use spark-resistant tools in flammable atmospheres. • Wear appropriate PPE. • Remove all jewelry. • Select the appropriate tool for the job. • Know the manufacturer’s instructions and follow them. • Inspect tools before use to determine their condition. TS 1B–8 HAND & POWER TOOL SAFETY RULES HAND TOOLS • Inspect all tools before each use. • Never use a “cheater” to supply additional leverage. POWER TOOLS • Ensure that trained, authorized personnel make repairs. • Ensure that any electrical tool not marked “double insulated” has three-prong plug. TS 1B–9a POWER SAW SAFETY RULES • Match the saw to the task and the material to be cut. • Wear proper protective equipment. • Have hoselines in place when using a power saw to force entry into an area where fire is suspected and when using a power saw to perform vertical ventilation. • Avoid the use of all saws when working in a flammable atmosphere. TS 1B–9b POWER SAW SAFETY RULES (cont.) • Keep unprotected and unessential people out of the work area. • Follow manufacturer’s procedures for proper saw operation. • Use caution to avoid igniting gasoline vapors when refueling a hot, gasoline-powered saw. • Keep blades and chains well sharpened. TS 1B–10 TRAINING SAFETY • NFPA 1500 requires monthly training for all who may engage in structural fire fighting. • Other training sessions should be required as needed or at least twice a year. TS 1B–11 PERSONAL SAFETY • All training at a drill site must include protective gear. • Trainees with any symptoms of illness should have a medical examination before they continue training. • Horseplay during training is forbidden. TS 1B–12 MAINTAINING & SERVICING EQUIPMENT • Training equipment must be maintained in peak condition. • All tools and equipment should be inspected before each drill. TS 1B–13 EMERGENCY SCENE SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS • Is it safe or feasible to undertake the emergency operation? • Does operation require rescuing victims or stopping property loss? • Do risks involved warrant limiting the actions of firefighters? • Remember that the IC’s first priority is firefighter safety; the second, victim safety. TS 1B–14 CROWD CONTROL • Know that law enforcement is usually responsible for crowd control. • Keep all bystanders away from the incident for their own safety and that of victims and emergency personnel. • Keep friends and relatives of victims away from the incident but treated with sensitivity and understanding in an area of their own. • Know that zone boundaries are affected by work space, hazard degree, and topography. TS 1B–15 PERSONAL ACCOUNTABILITY TAG SYSTEM • A simple tag system can help account for personnel within the fireground perimeter. • Identification tags are attached to a control board for quick reference. TS 1B–16 PERSONNEL ACCOUNTABILITY SCBA TAG SYSTEM • An SCBA tag system provides accountability for personnel inside a structure. • Tags allow supervisor to record time of entry and exit of each firefighter. © Copyright 1998, Board of Regents, Oklahoma State University All Rights Reserved. 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