Overview of Chinese and
Korean old books in Japan
JUN TOKITA
ASSISTANT DIRECTOR, ASIAN RESOURCES
DIVISION, KANSAI-KAN OF THE NATIONAL
DIET LIBRARY
2011 CEAL CONFERENCE
CHINESE, JAPANESE AND KOREAN JOINT SESSION
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 30, 2011
Introduction
2
1.Situation of Chinese and Korean old books held
in Japan
2.Research trend in Japan
3.Academic value and provision for social benefit of
materials
1. Situation of Chinese and Korean old books
held in Japan
3
1.1. Location of Chinese old books in Japan
•“Zenkoku Kanseki Detabesu” : A Database of the
Chinese Classics in Japan
•
http://www.kanji.zinbun.kyoto-u.ac.jp/kanseki
•Nihon ni okeru kanseki no shushu: kanseki kankei
mokuroku shusei. zoteiban, Kyuko Shoin, 1982.5.
•
Approximately 3,100 items of catalog of Chinese old books are
included
1. Situation of Chinese and Korean old books
held in Japan
4
1.2. Location of Korean old books in Japan
Union catalog
•Nihon genson chosenbon kenkyu, Yukio Fujimoto
•
•
Distinction of different or same edition, name of carver, publisher’s
name, year and place of publication, bibliographical consideration
Nihon genson chosenbon kenkyu. Shubu, Kyoto University Press,
2006.2.
•
3,000 items stored at 80 institutions are included
Collection catalog
•Zoho Toyo Bunko chosenbon bunrui mokuroku, Kokuritsu
Kokkai Toshokan, 1979.3.
1. Situation of Chinese and Korean old books
held in Japan
5
1.3. Major institutions in Japan holding old books and
rare materials
Chinese and Korean old books
•
Seikado Bunko, Imperial Palace library, Cabinet Library of
National Archive of Japan, The Toyo Bunko (Oriental Library),
National Diet Library, Sonkeikaku Bunko, Ashikaga-School
Library, Kyou Shooku, Tenri Central Library, Institute for
Research in Humanities (Kyoto University), KEIO Institute of
Oriental Classics, Daitokyu Bunko, Seikido Bunko
(Ochanomizu Library), etc.
1. Situation of Chinese and Korean old books
held in Japan
6
Chinese old books
•
Kanazawa Bunko, Rin-noji Tenkai-zo, Shinpuku-ji Osu Kannon,
Tofuku-ji Fumon-in, Ishiyama-dera, Institute for Advanced
Studies on Asia (Tokyo University), Waseda University Library,
etc.
Korean old books
•
Osaka Prefectural Nakanoshima Library, Hosa Bunko, Todao-ji
Temple, Jingu Bunko, Soke Bunko, Yomei Bunko, Yonezawa
City Library, etc.
1. Situation of Chinese and Korean old books
held in Japan
7
1.3.1. Location of Chinese rare books
Song and Yuan editions
•Seikado Bunko, Imperial Palace library, Cabinet Library of National
Archive of Japan
1.3.2. Location of Korean rare books
Old books
• Nihon genson chosenbon kenkyu. Shubu, Kyoto University Press,
2006.2.
Catalog of documents
•Nihon shozai chosen kinsei kirokurui kaidai, The Toyo Bunko, 2009.3.
•Nihon shozai chosen koseki kankei shiryo kaidai, The Toyo Bunko,
2004.3.
1. Situation of Chinese and Korean old books
held in Japan
8
1.4 Medical books and Buddhist scriptures
1.4.1. Medical books
•Wang Tie ce, Makoto Mayanagi, Hiroshi Kosoto, “Nitcyukan koiseki no
shozo mokuroku”
•Chosen ishoshi, Sakae Miki, 1956. (The bibliography of Korean medicine,
ancient and mediaeval)
1.4.2. Buddhist scriptures
•Susumu Kajiura, “Genson sokingenban butten risuto: tankoku,”
“Genson sokingen koraiban butten: Daizokyo”
•Ryuichi Abe, “Sogenban shozai mokuroku”
•Koyu Shiina, “Sokingenban zenseki shozai mokuroku”
1. Situation of Chinese and Korean old books
held in Japan
9
1.5 Manuscripts, Japanese editions
Gozamban
•Gozamban no kenkyu, Kazuma Kawase, Antiquarian Booksellers
Association of Japan, 1970.3. (Bibliographical Study of the Gozamban
Editions of Medieval Japan, 1200-1500)
Old-style Movable-type editions (Kokatsujiban)
• Kokatuji-ban no kenkyu. zohoban, Kazuma Kawase, Antiqurian
Booksellers Association of Japan, 1967. (Study of the Early Typographic
Editions of Japan)
Japanese editions (Wakokubon)
•Wakokubon kanseki bunrui mokuroku. zoho hoseiban, Kikuya Nagasawa,
Kozo Nagasawa, Kyuko Shoin, 2006.3.
2.Research trend in Japan
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• Survey of unsearched materials
• Collaborative research on materials
• Main centers are universities and attached institutions
•
•
•
•
•
Center for Northeast Asian Studies, Tohoku University
KEIO Institute for Oriental Classics
Research Institute for Chinese Old Book Culture, Waseda
University
Nishogakusha University
University of Tokyo, Kyoto University and others
2.Research trend in Japan
11
Center for Northeast Asian Studies, Tohoku University
•“East Asian Culture and Publication”
•
•
•
•
•
Replaced ‘A Study of Publishing Culture in East Asia’(2000-2004 FY)
Establishes international collaborative research system, specialized
academic field
Restores newly discovered materials and provides by duplication
Researches and catalogs unprocessed Japanese and Chinese items
within Japan
Reports research results in a newsletter, Nao de la China
•Provision for social benefit by opening to the public
•
Higashiajia no shuppan to chiiki bunka: mukashi no hon no
monogatari, Akira Isobe, Kyuko Shoin, 2008.3.
2.Research trend in Japan
12
• Photographic reproduction and bibliography of materials
•
•
•
•
Hi Shusai kan “Shinkoku kyohon zenso engi Sangokushiden” no
kenkyu to shiryo (A study and material of "Xin-ke jing-ben quanxiang yan-yi San-guo zhi zhuan" published by the Fei Shou-zhai)
(2008.3)
Keio Gijuku Toshokan shozo binsaido kan shinkoku zoho hihyo
zenzo saiyuki no kenkyu to shiryo (A study and material of Keio
University Library's "Xin-ke zeng-bu pi-ping quan-xiang Xi-you ji"
published by the Min-zhai tang) (2006.12)
Shanhai Toshokan shozo “Koryuki” genten to kaidai (2010.3)
Keio Gijuku Toshokan zo “Shiro tambo to yonshu” genten to kaidai
(2009.4)
2.Research trend in Japan
13
KEIO Institute for Oriental Classics
• Aiming to establish bibliography as an academic field and to
pass it on to the next generation
• Zusetsu Shoshigaku: kotenseki o manabu, Bensei Shuppan,
2010.12.
•
Commemorating its 50th anniversary
• Abe Ryuichi ikoshu, Kyuko Shoin, 1985.1-1993.1.
• Shoshigaku no susume, Satoshi Takahashi, Toho Shoten,
2010.9.
• Muromachi jidai koshohon “Rongo shikkai” no kenkyu,
Satoshi Takahashi, Kyuko Shoin, 2008.9.
2.Research trend in Japan
14
Research Institute for Chinese Old Book Culture, Waseda
University (since 2000)
•Chinese archival distribution studies
•Chugoku koseki ryutsugaku no kakuritsu: ryutsusuru koseki, ryutsusuru
bunka, ed. by Chugoku Koseki Bunka Kenkyujo, Yuzankaku, 2007.3.
Nishogakusha University
•Kanbun Studies (since 2000)
•Department of Japanese Kanbun Instruction and Research Program
•An International Research Project Based on Kanbun Sources to
Reconstructa View of Japanese Culture Studies
•Prof. Setsuya Takayama famous for researching Chinese books held in
regional libraries
2.Research trend in Japan
15
Institute for Advanced Studies on Asia, University of Tokyo
•Full-text Database of Chinese Rare Book
•The Database of Genealogies in Korea
Kyoto University
•Center for Informatics in East Asian Studies, Institute for Research in
Humanities, plays a leading role as a manager of A Database of the
Chinese Classics in Japan
•Research of Kanji Culture
National Diet Library
•Owns local history and descriptions, and genealogies
•
Nihon shuyo toshokan/kenkyujo shozo Chugoku chihoshi sogo mokuroku,
Kokuritsu Kokkai Toshokan Sanko Shoshibu, 1969.
•Directory of Asian information institutions
3.Academic value and provision
for social benefit of materials
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Provision and share-project by publishing materials of academic value
•Kyuko Shoin
• Kyuko, ed. Koten Kenkyukai
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Provides opportunities to present papers on bibliographical research
Koten Kenkyukai Sosho: Kanseki no bu. (Series of Chinese old books
in facsimile edition)
Daito sanzo shukyo shiwa: Okura Bunka Zaidan zo: Sohan, Kyuko
Shoin, 1997.10.
•
An example of Song edition popular novels extant in Japan
•Hiroyuki Takimoto
• Published many photographic reproductions and bibliographies of rare
old books
• Zenso heiwa 5-shu/ Sangokushi Engi (Hokanrobon) , Yushikan, 2009.1.
Conclusion
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1.Survey of unsearched materials
2.Academic contribution by collaborative research
and provision for social benefit
3.Sharing with overseas researchers
Expected development in worldwide shared use and
collaborative research.
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THANK YOU VERY MUCH
FOR YOUR ATTENTION
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