高三外语
陈晓红
完型填空 之能力训练目标:
1) 词语辨析能力
2) 语法结构分析能力
3) 语篇理解能力
4) 逻辑推理能力
5) 文化背景透析能力
6) 作者意图剖析能力
7) 生活常识综合运用能力
完型填空特点:
1.通常是叙事文或夹叙夹议的报道体裁
2.内容情节深刻,常涉及人物心理活动方面的细
致描写,篇章与句子结构变化丰富。
3.考察近义词语细微差别的辨析.
4.考察重点多为实词: 动词/名/形容/副词等.
5.关注语境背景知识, 侧重上下关联, 暗示判断
能力.
6.侧重于篇章, 体现语用判断和内在逻辑.
7.首句是理解全文的窗口; 尾句是文章的结论, 是
对理解的验证.
解题方法:
总的原则: “先完意,后完形”
十六字方针: 上下求索, 前呼后应,
瞻前顾后,左顾右盼.
完型填空题的解题三步曲
1. 跳读全文,领会大意;细读首尾段,预测主题
2. 通读全文,试选答案,推敲难题
3. 复读全文,调整答案
完形填空之
九大解题技巧
1.利用首句来解题
I did very badly at school. My headmaster
thought I was 36 and when I was 14, he
said, “You’re never going to be 37(anything)
but a failure. ”
36.A. bright
B. useless
C. simple
D. hopeful
2. 根据语篇结构层次解题
(2010安徽) First of all, a pen should fit
comfortably in your hand and…
Then , the writing point of the pen should
allow the ink to flow…
52 , the pen should make a thick, dark line.
Fine– line pens may…
52. A. Meanwhile
B. Generally
C. Afterwards
D. Finally
3. 利用语篇的标志性的词语解题
注意连接词,代词,转折语等的作用.
常见的标志性的词语有以下几种:
结构层次: firstly, secondly, thirdly;
逻辑关系:thus, therefore, so;
递进关系:besides, what’s more, further;
转折关系:but, while, however等。
让步关系:although, though, yet, still, even if
She told the front-desk clerk she had had
a(n) 1 vacation, but was heart-broken
about losing several rolls of Kodak color
film she had not yet developed.
1. A. disappointing
B. wonderful
C. uncomfortable
D. important
Practice
(2010课标) He replied that she no longer knew
who he was, that she had not been able to
recognize him for five years now. I was
surprised, and asked him, “ And you 49 go
every morning, even though she doesn’t know
who you are?”
A.only
B.then
C.still
D.thus
4. 根据上下文语境,合理推断来解题
(2010北京) I met Mrs. Neidl in the ninth grade
on a stage-design team for a play and she was
one of the directors. Almost instantly I loved her.
She had an unpleasant voice and a direct way of
speaking 36 she was encouraging and inspiring.
For some reason, she was impressed with my
work and me.
36. A. and
B. yet
C. so
D. for
Practice
(2010湖北)The passengers on the bus watched
with sympathy as Susan made her way carefully
up the steps. She paid the driver and then , using
her hands to 31 the seats, settled in one of them.
It had been a year since Susan become blind. As
the result of an accident she was suddenly thrown
into a world of 32 .
31. A. touch
B. grab(抓住)
C. count
D. feel
32. A. weakness
B. sickness
C. darkness
D. sadness
5. 根据生活常识和文化背景的角度来选择
(2010福建)Born in America, I spoke English , not
Chinese, my parents flashed cards with Chinese 36 at
my face, but I pushed them aside. … On a Chinese new
year’s Eve, my uncle spoke to me in Chinese , but all I
could do was stare at him, confused, “Still can’t speak
Chinese?” He 41 me, “You can’t buy a fish in Chinatown”
36. A. custom B. games C .characters D. language
41. A. cared about
B. laughed at
C. argued with
D. asked after(询问健康状况)
Practice
(2010湖南) Beans is a white dog , quite handsome
and very smart . He not only understands what we
tell him, but also often makes sounds as if he were
trying to 39 back.
39. A. turn
C. jump
B. kick
D. speak
6.从语法角度来解题
(2010课标) The nurse had him take a seat
in the waiting area, telling him it would be
at least 40 minutes 38 someone would be
able to see him.
A. if
B.before
C.since
D.after
7.从固定搭配方面来解题
(2010江西) “ Airport? You certainly are lost, ”
Alice said. “You need to go back five kilometers
until you reach the T-junction. Turn left and drive
for about another 10 kilometers to the main
highway. From there, I’m afraid there’s no 47 you
will get there in five minutes”
“Thank you very much, dear” replied the old
lady. “Don’t worry--- I’ll 48 in time.”
47. A. doubt B. room C. time D. way
48. A. have it
B. get it
C. make it
D. finish it
8.从词汇及短语辨析来解题
(2010山东)It was a cool October evening. Excitement and family members filled the hall. I was only
a 7-year-old girl, but I was the center of attention.
Finally, after weeks of preparation, I would 38 all
my hard work in a dance performance. Everything
would be perfect --- so I thought. I waited backstage
all 40 in my black tights(紧身衣) with a golden belt.
38. A. take over B. show off
C. look after D. give up
40. A. dressed up B. folded up
C. covered up D. mixed up
9.利用词汇的复现解题(同根词,近义词,反义词,原词)
(2010 重庆)Introduction to letters to Sam
Dear Readers,
…
… So when Sam was born , I decided to tell him
about school and friendship, romance and work,
love and everything else. That’s how I started to
write these 45 . I hoped that Sam would read
them sooner or later.
45. A. letters
B. emails
C. books
D. diaries
Practice
(2010 陕西)… I was on my lunch break and had
left the office to get something to eat. On the way ,
I saw a busker (街头艺人) , with a hat in front of
him. I had some 28 in my pocket, but I would not
give them to him , thinking to myself he would only
use the money to feed his addition to drugs and
alcohol.
28. A. chocolates B. coins
C. tins
D. drugs
(2010安徽)… Having a small hand and thick
fingers, you maybe comfortable with a thin pen.
If you have a 42 hand thick fingers, you may
prefer a fatter pen.
42. A. stronger
C. smaller
B. weaker
D. larger
review
完型填空题的解题三步曲
1. 细读首句,预测主题,跳读全文,领会大意
2. 通读全文,试选答案,推敲难题
3. 复读全文,调整答案
完型填空题的解题九大技巧
1.利用首句来解题
2. 根据语篇结构层次解题
3. 利用语篇的标志性的词语解题(递进,转折,让步等)
4. 根据上下文语境,合理推断来解题
5. 根据生活常识和文化背景的角度来选择
6.从语法角度来解题
7.从固定搭配方面来解题
8.从词汇及短语辨析来解题
9.利用词汇的复现解题 (同根词,近义词,反义词,原词)
高三阶段完形填空题复习策略
1. 扩大词汇量, 提高词义辨析能力.
2. 熟练语法和词汇及惯用法的搭配.
3. 掌握阅读技巧,提高语篇理解能力.
4. 锐化思维能力, 合理运用逻辑推理.
Wish you
great success
in the coming
entrance examination!
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附件:完形填空解题技巧