Photojournalism is the
documentation of events or
people through photographs
that tell a story.
Photojournalism can fall under
all subjects of photography but
the image needs to be news
worthy to end up being
Two Types of Photojournalism.
• The first type is where an image is
used to illustrate a story. Many feature
journalists work closely with
photographers and commission them to
produce images that will be published
with their articles.
Two Types of Photojournalism.
• The second is where an image is
used to tell a story without any
words. One single image may be
used or as many as ten images are
often used in magazines.
One of the most important
qualities of a photojournalist is
his ability to react quickly
when he comes along a scene
that may be news worthy.
Exposure is the amount of light
collected by the sensor in your
camera during a single picture. If
the shot is exposed too long the
photograph will be washed out. If
the shot is exposed too short the
photograph will appear too dark.
The angle of light should be
taken into careful consideration
whenever you feel like you want
to create a specific
effect. Shadows can be very
powerful when cast over half of
someone's face.
In this photo, the
light is striking
the statue's face
from the rear
right of the
camera and this
adds more depth
to the picture.
Exposure is the amount of light
collected by the sensor in your
camera during a single picture. If
the shot is exposed too long the
photograph will be washed out. If
the shot is exposed too short the
photograph will appear too dark.
The main purpose of portrait
photography is to capture
the essence of the
The three general types of portrait
close-ups or facial shots;
usually have the subject's
shoulders and head or less.
They are basically framed
around the face. These are the
best to capture expressions and
glamour shots.
Upper body shots or midrange
portraits are a little less personal than
close-ups. These are easier to get
satisfactory results from mainly because
your subject is probably more relaxed
plus you can include a little of the
background. These are probably the
most commonly used for single subjects
and multiple subjects.
Environmental portraiture
are portraits that let us into the
life of the subject. These
usually include the whole
subject in a scenario or
partaking in some hobby that
they enjoy.
Composition is the
combining of distinct
parts or elements to
form a whole.
Things to consider…
1. The Rule of Thirds
It means that the frame can be divided
into three horizontal sections and three
vertical sections and therefore, where
the horizontal and vertical lines
intersect makes an ideal location for the
more important parts of your picture.
By locating your main subject at one
of the four intersections you give the
subject more emphasis than if it was
right smack in the middle of the
This is also a good technique if you
have more than one important
subject, the intersections can still
work even if there's a subject on
more than one.
Things to consider…
2. Simplicity is the method of
keeping the information in a
photograph relatively simple. If
your main subject is close, then
your background should be very
simple to avoid distractions
Things to consider…
2. Framing is the tactic of using
natural surroundings to add more
meaning to your subject. It could
be anything such as bushes, trees,
a window, or even a doorway like in
the picture at the top of this page.
3. Leading Lines are used to lure
the eye deeper into a picture or to
an important subject. Straight,
curved, parallel, or diagonal lines
are all good at promoting interest.
Good examples could be roads,
rivers, streams, bridges, branches,
or fences.
4. Colors are what add heart and
emotion to your pictures. Certain
color configurations can inspire awe
and amazement in onlookers. Colors
can be used to add all sorts of
accents and effects, but you must be
careful to not draw attention away
from the main subject.
Photography at night can be
used to create amazing
When photographing sunsets
you should not only include
foreground items but use the
rule of thirds, specifically the
horizontal section of thirds so
you get a good perspective on
the scene.
Landscape photography has
the ability to take your
viewers into another place
without actually being there.
Foreground Elements
In order to show the depth of a
landscape it is very important to
include some type of foreground
element. Without something in the
foreground, the viewer has no way to
distinguish distances or sizes;
everything looks more flat and closer
to the camera.
Framing Elements
Rule of Thirds