Managing Stress &
Chapter 8
Standard: 1.1.2 Students will apply
and justify effective strategies for
responding to stress.
Essential Question-I Can
What is stress?
I Can Statement:
I can learn more about stress and how
important it is to deal with stress in a
healthy way.
Lesson 1
Effects of Stress
List situations that cause you stress.
When you are stressed, what
thoughts and emotions do you have?
What physical symptoms do you
have when stressed?
Stress: the reaction of the body and
mind to everyday challenges and
Perception: the act of becoming
aware through the senses.
Stressor: anything that causes
stress. (people, objects, places,
Vocabulary - continued
Psychosomatic Response: physical
reaction that results from stress
rather than from an injury or illness.
Psycho: means of the mind.
Somatic: means of the body. (sleep
disorders, skin disorders, stomach &
digestive disorders.
Vocabulary - continued
Chronic Stress: associated with long
term problems that are beyond a
person’s control. Chronic stress can
last for months; upset stomach,
headache, insomnia, appetite
change, feeling anxious.
Reacting To Stress
Not necessarily good or bad.
Can have positive or negative
Can motivate you to do your best.
Give you extra energy to reach
What Causes Stress?
Stressors – 5 General Categories of
Biological: illness, disabilities or injuries.
Environmental: poverty, pollution,
crowding, noise, disasters.
Cognitive or Thinking: they way you
perceive a situation.
How it effects you and the world around
Stressors - continued
Personal Behaviors:
1. Negative reactions in the mind
and body.
2. Caused by tobacco, alcohol and
3. Physical inactivity.
Stressors - continued
Life Situations
 1. death 2. separation 3. trouble
with relationships
Complete the following:
When I am at the doctor’s office, I
During a test, I feel………………
Having a disagreement with a friend
makes me feel………………………………
The Body’s Stress Response
When threatened your body will
respond. Two Body Systems
1. Nervous System
2. Endocrine System
Both are reactive to stress, mostly
involuntary or automatic.
3 Stages Regardless of Stressor
1. Alarm: 1st stage of stress
response. Go to a higher alert, fight
or flight/run response.
A. Physical Symptoms:
pupil dilation, perspire, faster heart
rate & pulse, rise in blood pressure,
faster breathing, increase in muscle
Alarm Stage - continued
Body Responses
1. Hypothalamus: releases a hormone
that acts on the pituitary gland
located at the base of the brain,
receives danger signals.
2. Pituitary: stimulates adrenal gland.
3. Adrenal Glands: secrete adrenaline,
emergency hormone.
Stage 2 – Stage 3
Resistance: People have been known
to accomplish incredible feats in this
Fatigue: A tired feeling takes over
and lowers level of activity, the body
and mind become exhausted.
Symptoms of Stress
Physical Signs: headache, upset
Emotional Signs: edginess, crying
Mental Signs: can’t think, losing
sense of humor
Behavioral Signs: not eating, over
eating, talking
Strategies for Handling Stress
Take a deep breath & think it through
Redirect the stress response
(physical activity)
Stop and think
Give yourself breaks
Physical Effects
High Blood Pressure
Weakened Immune
Mental-Emotional & Social Effects
Difficulty In Concentration
Mood Swings
Risks of Substance Abuse
Taking Control of Chronic Stress
Engage in Physical Activity
Look for Support Among Your Friends
& Family
Find a Hobby to Relax
Avoid Using Drugs