Managing Stress &
Anxiety
Chapter 8
Standard: 1.1.2 Students will apply
and justify effective strategies for
responding to stress.
Essential Question-I Can
What is stress?
I Can Statement:
I can learn more about stress and how
important it is to deal with stress in a
healthy way.
Lesson 1
Effects of Stress
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List situations that cause you stress.
When you are stressed, what
thoughts and emotions do you have?
What physical symptoms do you
have when stressed?
Vocabulary
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Stress: the reaction of the body and
mind to everyday challenges and
demands
Perception: the act of becoming
aware through the senses.
Stressor: anything that causes
stress. (people, objects, places,
events)
Vocabulary - continued
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Psychosomatic Response: physical
reaction that results from stress
rather than from an injury or illness.
Psycho: means of the mind.
Somatic: means of the body. (sleep
disorders, skin disorders, stomach &
digestive disorders.
Vocabulary - continued
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Chronic Stress: associated with long
term problems that are beyond a
person’s control. Chronic stress can
last for months; upset stomach,
headache, insomnia, appetite
change, feeling anxious.
Reacting To Stress
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Not necessarily good or bad.
Can have positive or negative
effects.
Can motivate you to do your best.
Give you extra energy to reach
goals.
What Causes Stress?
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Stressors – 5 General Categories of
Stressors:
Biological: illness, disabilities or injuries.
Environmental: poverty, pollution,
crowding, noise, disasters.
Cognitive or Thinking: they way you
perceive a situation.
How it effects you and the world around
you.
Stressors - continued
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Personal Behaviors:
1. Negative reactions in the mind
and body.
2. Caused by tobacco, alcohol and
drugs.
3. Physical inactivity.
Stressors - continued
Life Situations
 1. death 2. separation 3. trouble
with relationships
Complete the following:
When I am at the doctor’s office, I
feel....
During a test, I feel………………
Having a disagreement with a friend
makes me feel………………………………
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The Body’s Stress Response
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When threatened your body will
respond. Two Body Systems
Involved:
1. Nervous System
2. Endocrine System
Both are reactive to stress, mostly
involuntary or automatic.
3 Stages Regardless of Stressor
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1. Alarm: 1st stage of stress
response. Go to a higher alert, fight
or flight/run response.
A. Physical Symptoms:
pupil dilation, perspire, faster heart
rate & pulse, rise in blood pressure,
faster breathing, increase in muscle
tension.
Alarm Stage - continued
Body Responses
1. Hypothalamus: releases a hormone
that acts on the pituitary gland
located at the base of the brain,
receives danger signals.
2. Pituitary: stimulates adrenal gland.
3. Adrenal Glands: secrete adrenaline,
emergency hormone.
Stage 2 – Stage 3
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Resistance: People have been known
to accomplish incredible feats in this
stage.
Fatigue: A tired feeling takes over
and lowers level of activity, the body
and mind become exhausted.
Symptoms of Stress
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Physical Signs: headache, upset
stomach
Emotional Signs: edginess, crying
Mental Signs: can’t think, losing
sense of humor
Behavioral Signs: not eating, over
eating, talking
Strategies for Handling Stress
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Take a deep breath & think it through
Redirect the stress response
(physical activity)
Stop and think
Give yourself breaks
Physical Effects
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Headache
Asthma
High Blood Pressure
Weakened Immune
System
Mental-Emotional & Social Effects
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Difficulty In Concentration
Mood Swings
Risks of Substance Abuse
Taking Control of Chronic Stress
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Engage in Physical Activity
Look for Support Among Your Friends
& Family
Find a Hobby to Relax
Avoid Using Drugs
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Managing Stress & Anxiety