语法专题—— 过去分词作状语
郑州十六中 昝亚娟
Learning Goals
1. Learn about the Past Participle(过去分词) used as
adverbial(状语).
2. Explore the differences between the Past Participle
and the Present Participle(现在分词).
3. Develop interest and confidence in learning English
grammar.
4. Form the habit of learning by cooperating with others.
Key Point
The Past Participle used as Adverbial
1.Worried about the journey, I was unsettled for the first
few days. 为这次旅行担心,头几天我心里不踏实。
=Because I was worried about the journey…
2. Heated, water can turn into vapour. 加热,水会变成
蒸汽。=If it is heated, water can turn into vapour.
3. Arriving at a strange-looking house, he showed me
into a large room. 来到一幢外形奇特的房子后,他带我
进入一个大房间。=When he arrived at a….
4. Having said this, he spread some food on the table. 说
完这话,他把食物摆在桌子上。= After he had said this
5. Exhausted, I slid into bed and fell asleep. 由于筋疲力
尽,我爬上床睡着了。=As/because I was exhausted …
6. Having been told many times, he finally understand it.
被告知多次后,他终于明白了。=After he had been told
many times, he finally understood it.
【根据汉语提示,背诵句子】
1.为这次旅行担心,头几天我心里不踏实。
Worried about the journey, I was unsettled for....
2.被这个英雄的故事所激励,我下定决心努力学习。
Encouraged by the hero’s story, I was determined to
work...
3.
到达一幢外形奇特的房子后,他带我进入一个大房间
Arriving at a strange-looking house, he showed me
into a large room.
4. 说完这话,他把食物摆在桌子上。
Having said this, he spread some food on the table.
5. 由于筋疲力尽,我悄悄爬上床,很快就睡着了。
Exhausted, I slid into bed and fell asleep.
6. 被告知多次后,他终于明白了。
Having been told many times, he still finally understand it.
【人人参与 认真讨论】
结合课文中出现的6个经典例句,分组讨论:
1. 现在分词作状语具有哪些特点?
① 现在分词的构成是什么?(有几种形式?)
② 现在分词作状语时,句子的主语和分词之间有什么
关系? (主谓关系、动宾关系)
③现在分词作状语,通常放在什么位置?
2. 过去分词作状语具有哪些特点?
④过去分词的构成是什么?
⑤ 过去分词作状语时,句子的主语和分词之间有什么
关系(主谓关系、动宾关系)?
⑥过去分词作状语,通常放在什么位置?
【积极抢答 展示自我】
1. 现在分词作状语的特点:
① 现在分词的构成是什么?
a.一般式 :doing
b.被动式:being done
c. 完成式:having done d. 完成被动式:having been done
② 现在分词作状语时,句子的主语和分词之间有:
逻辑上的主谓关系, 即主语是分词动作的发出者。
③现在分词的位置:句首,句末或句中。
2. 过去分词作状语的特点
④过去分词的构成是:
规则动词的过去分词一般是由动词加-ed构成,不规则
的需要记忆(done)。
⑤过去分词作状语时,句子的主语和分词之间有
逻辑上的动宾关系, 即句子的主语是分词动作的承受者。
⑥过去分词作状语时的位置:句首, 句末或句中
【梳理知识 掌握规律】
总结现在分词和过去分词作状语的区别:
表示主动、进行、动作
现在分词作状语:_____________________
表示被动、完成、状态
过去分词作状语:_____________________
【激情投入 探究知识】
分组讨论下面各句中过去分词的用法, 改写句子:
①Andy sat at the table, lost in thought.
②I’ll attend Jim’s birthday party if invited.
③Written in a hurry, the report is full of mistakes.
④Seen from the top of the hill, the city looks like a big
garden.
⑤Left alone at home, Mary wasn’t feeling lonely.
⑥Dad got home at midnight, tired and hungry.
合作探究 展示风采 3’+ 5’
展示内容 点评内容
展示的内容和要求
G7-G1
G1:①
展示改写句子
G8-G2 1. 以小组为单位探究答案。1G2:②
G9-G3 6 组的1号同学上台展示本组
G3:③
讨论的结果,7-12组的1号同
G10-G4
G4: ④
学点评对应小组写出的答案。
G11-G5
G5:⑤
2. 书写认真工整(1分)
G12-G6
G6:⑥
内容正确(1分)
讲解到位(1分)。
同学们认真核对答案, 积极思考, 大胆质疑, 勇于求证
高效点评 提升能力 5’
点评要求
1. 7-12组的1号同学点评。7组点评一组的,8组点评2组
的, 以此类推。
2. 声音洪亮(1分)条理清楚(1分) 点评正确(1分)
3. 点评的内容包括:
答案是否正确、书写是否整齐,讲解是否全面。
4. 用红笔修改、补充和打分。
其他同学认真核对答案, 积极思考, 大胆质疑。
分组讨论下面各句中过去分词的用法, 改写句子:
①Andy sat at the table, lost in thought. 表示伴随状况
=and he was lost in thought
②I’ll attend Jim’s birthday party if invited. 表示条件
=if I am invited
③Written in a hurry, the report is full of mistakes. 表原因
=Because it was written in a hurry ….
④Seen from the top of the hill, the city looks like a big
表示时间/条件
garden. = When/If it is seen from…
⑤Left alone at home, Mary wasn’t feeling lonely.
=Even though/Although she was left alone… 表示让步
⑥Dad got home at midnight, tired and hungry. 表伴随状况
=and he was tired and hungry
⑦All things considered, our plan is practical.
= If/When all things ___
our plan...
are ____________,
considered
表示条件或时间
⑧The murderer was brought in, with his hands tied
behind his back. =and his hands _____
were ______
tied behind
his back. 表示伴随状况
Do Exercise 1 on the worksheet, then check your
answers with your friends. 做当堂检测题,然后和本
组同学核对答案,讨论遇到的问题。
【客观公正 点评拓展】
展示内容 点评内容
G7- ①
G8-②
G9-③
G10-④
G11-⑤
G12-⑥
展示的内容和要求
展示改写句子
G2-G8 1. 以小组为单位探究答案, 7G3-G9 12 组的1号同学上台展示本组
讨论的结果,1-6组的1号同学
G4-G10
点评对应小组写出的答案。
G5-G11 2. 书写认真工整(1分)
G6-G12
内容正确(1分)
讲解到位(1分)。
G1-G7
同学们认真核对答案, 积极思考, 大胆质疑, 勇于求证
Homework:
1. Do Exercise 7-12 on the worksheet;
2. Do Exercise 2 and 3 on P 21.
Bye-bye
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语法专题过去分词作状语