Danielle Stoddard, LCPC
 PCHS
 IVCC
 Bachelors
of Psychology, Eastern Illinois
University
 Masters of Educational Psychology and
Guidance, Eastern Illinois University
Why Psychology???
 Why



do people do what they do?
Get sad at certain times of year
What are their stories, everyone has a story,
what influences them? Past history,
childhood, traumatic event
How can I help them?
 Intro
 Syllabus
 Projects
 Schedule
 Activity
 Start
lesson
Projects

Operant Conditioning project
 Typed in a paper fully answering each question and
detailing each step. The paper should be at least 3-5 pages
long. Double spaced. E-mail me a picture I can then show
the class. Also a video would be fun to show everyone. Let
me know a date you would like to present it. This would add
to the score of the project.
 Teach your pet/animal to respond to a stimulus they would
not normally respond to
 Favorite song
 Household noise
 When your parent/sibling/self does something, gets a
soda, takes out garbage
 Behavior needs to be complex, the animal, goes to a
certain spot, high fives, spins a wheel
Projects

Mental health paper
 3-5 pages long
 Full detail of disorder
 Full detail of a person that suffers from it. If you would
like to share about a person you know with this issue,
it is completely confidential
 You may interview a person that has it and use as a
reference, you may also interview a therapist that
treats this disorder and use as a resource
 Make sure you let me know what disorder you are
reporting on
Projects
 Dream

Diary
Make sure the dreams are written in a good
amount of detail. At least a paragraph or
two, the diary as a whole should be 10 – 15
pages long after answering the questions.
PSYCHOLOGY
THE SYSTEMATIC STUDY
OF BEHAVIOR AND
MENTAL PROCESSES
What is Psychology
 Scientific
study of behavior and mental
processes
 What are your thoughts of what
Psychology is??
 Charlie Sheen video
Why do we study psychology?
 To
describe
 To predict
 To explain
 To change our behavior and experience
 To make sound decisions
 To help people
GOALS
To
gain understanding and
tolerance
To
prepare for times that will
be both good and bad, and
all points between
Psychology in Use
 Enhancing
performance
What do
psychologists do?
 Explore
biopsychology
Brain trauma
Drugs - neurotransmitters
Genetics
Evolutionary influences
Study our cognitive
capabilities and processes.
 How
do we think and acquire knowledge?
 How
can we treat learning disabilities?
 How
can we control our “self talk”?
Study human
development
 When
tasks?
should we able to perform various
 What
is the process of our developmentfrom conception to death.
 What
causes things to go wrong
Social psychology
 The
study of the influences we exert on
one another.
 Persuasion.
 The intersection of law and psychology.
the jury system
the death penalty
Industrial
organizational
 Using
psychology in the work setting
 How
do employers select, train and pay
their employees
 How
do we get people to buy our
products
Professionals
 Counselors
who listen and treat
 Psychiatrists
who can prescribe
 Psychoanalysts
who analyze
Psychology as a
Major?
 Suitable
for many purposes
 Employment – Without a Master’s
With a Master’s
 P.H.D. programs
 Women - the new majority?
 Professional schools
 Typical classes
The history of
psychology
 From
 The
 The
the dawn of time …..
Bible – Proverbs
Greeks
tragedies
Aristotle- observation and
rational analysis
History of Psychology
 130
years
 Wilhelm Wundt, Father of Psychology
 Did experiments, research
 Objective Introspective

Measuring one’s own thoughts and mental
activities
Structuralism
 Titchner


Structure of the Mind
Introspect, think of a town devastated by a
tornado, what do you see, think, feel
Functionalism
 William
James, taught at Harvard, first
American school to offer PSY classes
 How did we get there
 How did we adapt
 Modern fields of Educational Psychology
and Industrial/organizational psychology
Gestalt Psychology

The Whole is the sum of its parts

Focused on perception and sensation, seeing
patterns as a whole

Cognitive therapy
Learning
 Memory
 Thought process
 Problem solving

Frued
 Unconscious,
repressed memories
 Personality was formed in first 6 years of life
 Psychoanalysis
Behaviorism
Pavlov
• Taught reflex
Watson
• Taught a Phobia
Historybehaviorism
 Experience?
Thoughts? Emotions?
 In response to frustration with animal IQ
studies and the vague nature and
unsettling assumptions of psychodynamics
 GOAL – to observe and quantify without
inferences
 FOCUS – use animals to uncover the basic
laws of learning and behavior
The scientific study of behavior
 Wide
scope
 Emphasis
on evidence acquired through
the methods of science
Big Questions
 Do
 Do
we have Free Will?
we really make decisions or are we just
playing out a script?
Chaos
Sin
Crime
beyond behaviorism
 Albert
Ellis – the power of
irrational thinking – self talk
 “I
must be approved or loved
by every significant person in
my community”
 “If I’m not thoroughly competent in everything I do, I’m
worthless.”
Psychology Now
 Psychodynamic

Development of a sense of self and
discovery of motivations behind a person’s
behavior
 Behavioral


Perspective
Perspective
BF Skinner, Operant
Conditioning
Behavioral responses are
followed by pleasure/reward
Psychology Now
 Humanistic


People have free will to choose their own
destiny
Maslow & Rogers

Self understanding & Self actualization
 Cognitive

Perspective
Perspective
How people think, remember, store, and
use information
Psychology Now
 Sociocultural

Perspective
Others influence our behavior
 Biopsychological

Behavior linked to genetics, hormones,
nervous system
 Evolutionary

Perspective
Perspective
Universal mental characteristics
that all humans share
How important is psychology?
 Abu
Ghraib