Paper One – Part Two 70 mins
The Big Picture
Depth Study – Causes and Events of the 1st World
War 1890 -1918
Why was there
increasing tension
between the Great
Powers, 1890–1914?
Did the Alliance System
make war more likely?
How far did colonial
problems create tensions
between the Great Powers?
Why were problems in the
Balkans so difficult for the
Great Powers to solve?
How important was the
Kaiser in causing the
worsening international
situation?
Why did the arms race
escalate, 1900–14?
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Why did the First
World War break out
in 1914?
Why was Franz Ferdinand
assassinated?
How did the assassination of
Franz Ferdinand lead to the
outbreak of war?
How far were the actions of
Austria-Hungary, Britain,
Germany and Russia
responsible for the outbreak of
war?
How far did the Schlieffen
Plan contribute to the outbreak
of war?
What happened on the
Western Front?
How important were
the other fronts?
Why did the war get bogged
down in the trenches?
What was living and fighting
in the trenches like?
How far did General Haig
mismanage the Battle of the
Somme?
How important were new
developments such as tanks,
machine guns, aircraft and
gas?
What was the importance of
America’s entry into the war?
Why did Germany agree to
an armistice in 1918?
Who won the war at sea?
What happened in the
Gallipoli campaign of 1915?
Why was Russia defeated in
1918?
Paper One – Part Two 70 mins
What happened on the Western Front?
What happened on the Western
Front?
Why did the war get bogged down in the
trenches?
What was living and fighting in the
trenches like?
How far did General Haig mismanage the
Battle of the Somme?
How important were new developments
such as tanks, machine guns, aircraft and
gas?
What was the importance of America’s
entry into the war?
Why did Germany agree to an armistice
in 1918?
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/interactive/animations/western_front/index_embed.shtml
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Why did the war get bogged down in the trenches?
Explain why the war was not over
by Christmas? (6 marks)
In pairs find three reasons to
answer the question
What was a trench? (4 marks)
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What were the advantages to the defenders of being in a trench?
What were the disadvantages of being in a trench for the
attackers?
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What was living and fighting in the trenches like?
You have 2 minutes to complete this spider diagram
Living
In pairs decide what was the
most unpleasant aspect of
trench life?
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Outline the usual plan of attack in
four points
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How far did Haig mismanage the Battle of the
Somme?
Which source gives the more accurate explanation for
the failure at the Somme? Support your answer with
your own knowledge
Source A
Our artillery hadn’t made any impact on those barbed-wire
entanglements. The result was we never got anywhere near
the Germans. Our lads were mown down. They were just
simply slaughtered.
You were either tied down by the
shelling or the machine-guns and yet we kept at it, making no
impact on the Germans at all. And those young officers,
going ahead, they were picked off like flies. We tried to go
over and it was just impossible. We were mown down.
Memories of Corporal WH Shaw, Royal Welsh Fusiliers
Source B
The biggest mistake that was made in training was that
we were never told what to do in case of failure. All that
time we’d gone backwards and forwards, training, doing
it over and over again like clockwork and then when we
had to advance, when it came to the bit, we didn’t know
what to do!
Memories of Sergeant Jim Myers, Machine Gun
Corps
What is the reason in A?
What evidence is in the source to support this reason?
How does your knowledge support this?
Repeat for Source B
Answer the question
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How far did Haig mismanage the Battle of the
Somme?
Proof given to the world that the Allies are capable of
making and maintaining a vigorous offensive and of
driving the enemy’s best troops from the strongest
positions has shaken the faith of the Germans. Also
impressed on the world, England’s strength and
determination, and the fighting power of the British
race… The maintenance of a strong offensive pressure
will eventually in the enemy’s complete overthrow.
Haig to Robertson, 1 August 1916
What is the purpose of this source?
The purpose is…….
Evidence from the source……
My own knowledge supports this……..
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Document Skills
Why do you think this poster
was made? Use the source and
your own knowledge
To gain the full marks you
need to explain the message
and why it was published
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How important were new developments such as
tanks, aircraft and gas?
In pairs for each of the three given developments, give
1) A use
2) A drawback
Decide which was the most important development and why
What was the importance of America’s entrance
into the war in 1917?
Using your notes what three reasons can you find why
America’s entrance to the war was important
Decide on the top reason and prepare to feedback?
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Why Did Germany agree to an Armistice?
Is this the
main
reason?
Look at the four reasons, re-order them in the order you
think they may have persuaded Germany to agree to an
Armistice?
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Structured Answers
Answer one of the following questions
You must answer all parts of the question you chose
5a) What was ’No-Man’s land’? (4 marks)
b) Explain why tanks were of limited use on the Western Front
up until 1917? (6 marks)
c) ‘How far was Haig a successful military leader? Explain
your answer (10 marks)
Remember your structures –use the templates.
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