China 7.3
Lesson #3
“The Qin and Han Dynasties”
Section #1
Emperor Qin Shihuangdi
Question # 1
What dynasty followed the
“Period of the Warring States?”
Answer:
The Qin Dynasty
Question # 2
How did Qin Shihuangdi become so
powerful in China?
Answer:
He punished or killed anyone who
opposed him.
Question # 3
What Chinese philosophy did Qin
Shihuandgi embrace (believe in)?
Answer:
Legalism
Question # 4
What was the job of “censors” in
China?
Answer:
To make sure government officials
did their jobs.
Question # 5
Name 2 ways that China was unified
during the Qin dynsasty.
Answer:
- A single currency (type of money) was developed
- A series of roads was built
- Strong central government was formed
- A canal built to help ship supplies
- Laws and taxes were the same throughout the
country
Question # 6
Why were the first parts of the Great
Wall built in Ancient China?
Answer:
To keep out the nomads who would
attack Chinese villages and farms.
Question # 7
True or False? The Great Wall of
China actually started off as a
series of small walls made out of
stone, sand and rubble.
Answer:
true
Question # 8
What types of people actually
constructed the Great Wall?
Answer:
Farmers
Question # 9
What would happen to the bodies of
workers who died while working on
the Great Wall?
Answer:
They were buried in the wall
Question # 10
Why didn’t aristocrats like Qin
Shihuangdi?
Answer:
He took away some of their
power.
Question # 11
Why didn’t scholars like Qin
Shihuangdi?
Answer:
He would burn their writings.
Question # 12
Why didn’t farmers like Qin
Shihuangdi?
Answer:
He forced them to leave their
farms to build roads and the
Great Wall.
Question #13
What part of China is the Great Wall
located in; north, south, east or west?
Answer:
north
Section #2
The Han Dynasty
Question #
How was Liu Bang different
from previous Chinese rulers?
Answer:
He was born as a poor peasant
Question #
What were the tests called that
people had to take to get a
government job starting in the Han
Dynasty?
Answer:
Civil Service
Question #
How was it decided who would get
a job, based on the civil service
test?
Answer:
The person with the highest score
Question #
How did civil service exams “favor”
the rich over the poor?
Answer:
The wealthy could educate their
sons to help them prepare for the
tests.
Question #
Why were the civil service exams
created?
Answer:
To get the best people to fill the
government jobs.
Question #
What do you call a farmer that farms
on land owned by someone else and
pays the “rent” in crops?
Answer:
Tenant farmer
Question #
List 3 Chinese inventions or
advancements from the Han Dynasty.
Answer:
- waterwheels
- steel
- paper
- rudders on ships
Section #3
The Silk Road
Question #
What was the purpose of Zhang
Qian’s expedition to the west?
Answer:
To find allies for China
Question #
What group of people was China’s
biggest “enemy” during the Han
dynasty?
Answer:
The Xiongnu (nomads from the
north)
Question #
What fighting advantage did the
Xiongnu have over the Chinese
warriors?
Answer:
The Xiongnu were experts at
fighting on horseback.
Question #
What were the main types of
items the Chinese traded along
the Silk Road?
Answer:
Silk, spices, tea and porcelain.
Question #
Why was it expensive to travel
on the Silk Road?
Answer:
Merchants had to pay taxes to
many kingdoms along the way.
Question #
What made it dangerous to travel on
the Silk Road?
Answer:
Bandits would steal people’s
money or possessions.
Question #
The Silk Road was established
during this dynasty.
Answer:
Han
Question #
A single monetary system was
established during this dynasty.
Answer:
Qin
Question #
The longest lasting dynasty in China
Answer:
Zhou.
Question #
The Chinese written language was
created during this dynasty.
Answer:
Shang
Question #
Advancements in sea travel were
made during this dynasty.
Answer:
Han
Question #
The Great Wall was originally built
during this dynasty.
Answer:
Qin
Section #4
Major Changes in China
Question #
How did Buddhism spread from
India to China?
Answer:
Through trading between the
areas.
Question #
What was happening in China that
caused the people to seek out the
ideas in Buddhism?
Answer:
The government was weak and
people were scared.
Question #
The followers of which Chinese
philosophies were the first to
embrace Buddhism?
Answer:
Confucianism and Daoism
Question #
How did Buddhism help the
Chinese during the time of
instability?
Answer:
The Buddhist ideas helped them
feel safe.
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China 7.3 Powerpoint - Lancaster Central School District