China 7.3 Lesson #3 “The Qin and Han Dynasties” Section #1 Emperor Qin Shihuangdi Question # 1 What dynasty followed the “Period of the Warring States?” Answer: The Qin Dynasty Question # 2 How did Qin Shihuangdi become so powerful in China? Answer: He punished or killed anyone who opposed him. Question # 3 What Chinese philosophy did Qin Shihuandgi embrace (believe in)? Answer: Legalism Question # 4 What was the job of “censors” in China? Answer: To make sure government officials did their jobs. Question # 5 Name 2 ways that China was unified during the Qin dynsasty. Answer: - A single currency (type of money) was developed - A series of roads was built - Strong central government was formed - A canal built to help ship supplies - Laws and taxes were the same throughout the country Question # 6 Why were the first parts of the Great Wall built in Ancient China? Answer: To keep out the nomads who would attack Chinese villages and farms. Question # 7 True or False? The Great Wall of China actually started off as a series of small walls made out of stone, sand and rubble. Answer: true Question # 8 What types of people actually constructed the Great Wall? Answer: Farmers Question # 9 What would happen to the bodies of workers who died while working on the Great Wall? Answer: They were buried in the wall Question # 10 Why didn’t aristocrats like Qin Shihuangdi? Answer: He took away some of their power. Question # 11 Why didn’t scholars like Qin Shihuangdi? Answer: He would burn their writings. Question # 12 Why didn’t farmers like Qin Shihuangdi? Answer: He forced them to leave their farms to build roads and the Great Wall. Question #13 What part of China is the Great Wall located in; north, south, east or west? Answer: north Section #2 The Han Dynasty Question # How was Liu Bang different from previous Chinese rulers? Answer: He was born as a poor peasant Question # What were the tests called that people had to take to get a government job starting in the Han Dynasty? Answer: Civil Service Question # How was it decided who would get a job, based on the civil service test? Answer: The person with the highest score Question # How did civil service exams “favor” the rich over the poor? Answer: The wealthy could educate their sons to help them prepare for the tests. Question # Why were the civil service exams created? Answer: To get the best people to fill the government jobs. Question # What do you call a farmer that farms on land owned by someone else and pays the “rent” in crops? Answer: Tenant farmer Question # List 3 Chinese inventions or advancements from the Han Dynasty. Answer: - waterwheels - steel - paper - rudders on ships Section #3 The Silk Road Question # What was the purpose of Zhang Qian’s expedition to the west? Answer: To find allies for China Question # What group of people was China’s biggest “enemy” during the Han dynasty? Answer: The Xiongnu (nomads from the north) Question # What fighting advantage did the Xiongnu have over the Chinese warriors? Answer: The Xiongnu were experts at fighting on horseback. Question # What were the main types of items the Chinese traded along the Silk Road? Answer: Silk, spices, tea and porcelain. Question # Why was it expensive to travel on the Silk Road? Answer: Merchants had to pay taxes to many kingdoms along the way. Question # What made it dangerous to travel on the Silk Road? Answer: Bandits would steal people’s money or possessions. Question # The Silk Road was established during this dynasty. Answer: Han Question # A single monetary system was established during this dynasty. Answer: Qin Question # The longest lasting dynasty in China Answer: Zhou. Question # The Chinese written language was created during this dynasty. Answer: Shang Question # Advancements in sea travel were made during this dynasty. Answer: Han Question # The Great Wall was originally built during this dynasty. Answer: Qin Section #4 Major Changes in China Question # How did Buddhism spread from India to China? Answer: Through trading between the areas. Question # What was happening in China that caused the people to seek out the ideas in Buddhism? Answer: The government was weak and people were scared. Question # The followers of which Chinese philosophies were the first to embrace Buddhism? Answer: Confucianism and Daoism Question # How did Buddhism help the Chinese during the time of instability? Answer: The Buddhist ideas helped them feel safe.