The Constitution and the Bill of Rights Do NOW! Seat, Quiet, Bellringer!...pleeeease? Bellringer! I’m In Just a Bill – Schoolhouse Rock your own words, describe what a bill is and how a bill becomes a law… Summarizing Historical Texts Read the content on Page 180 under the title “Summarizing Historical Texts” Next, complete the “You Try It!” Activity on Page 181 The Federal System A system that divides power between the states and the federal government Delegated powers Certain powers assigned to the national government; Ex – right to coin $$ Reserved powers Powers kept by the states; Ex – creating local govts. Concurrent Those powers shared by the national and state govts.; Ex – taxing The powers Elastic Clause Congress may “make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper” for carrying out its duties The Preamble! The Articles of the Constitution… And their sections! Homework… Create a graphic organizer outlining the checks and balances each branch of the government holds on the others Use your textbooks and the computer to find examples. October 27, 2014 Do Now… After quietly taking your seat, take out your homework from last week (Graphic Organizer and Vocabulary), pass them down to the end of the row to be collected Turn to your Bellringer! Section, be ready to use your “Preamble” worksheet Bellringer! List the six goals of the U.S. Constitution according to the Preamble… For each goal, write a one sentence summary explaining what the goal means. The Preamble To form a more perfect union Getting the states to work together as a united nation To establish justice Creating a system where every law is the same for every American To insure domestic tranquility Giving the government the power to keep the peace at home The Preamble To provide for the common defense Gives the government the ability to raise an army and navy to protect US from foreign attacks To promote the general welfare The government has the power to take action in order to make life in the US better (e.g. collect taxes) To secure the Blessings of liberty To protect the independence and rights that every American holds Finish our Summaries of the Articles Groups! Articles of the Constitution Posters Chalk Talk… Homework… Create a List of Rights you believe every student should have at Haynes Academy At least 10 October 29, 2014 Do Now… Take out your List of Students’ Rights you had to make for homework, pass them down to the end of the row to be turned in. Get back in your groups to finish your summaries of the Articles… 20 minutes What didn’t the Constitution include?? Outlines the rights of the National Government and State Governments… What is missing? How would/could you fix what’s missing?? The Bill of Rights Proposed by James Madison in order to get the Constitution passed List of amendments that guaranteed the rights of individuals Madison wrote many, HOR narrowed it down to 12, the states ratified 10, took effect in December 1791. 1st Amendment protects basic freedoms of the people (freedom of religion, press, speech, assembly, and right to petition) Amendments 2, 3, 4 Protect the citizens! Relate to colonial disputes with Britain, reflects many ideas from Declaration of Independence. Amendments 5, 6, 7, 8 Rights of the accused! Citizens cannot be punished or have property seized without due process (for the law to be fairly applied) Citizens cannot be tried for the same crime twice (double jeopardy) Only exception, eminent domain, govt. can seize property if it protects the public. Also ensures right to bail, prevents “cruel and unusual punishment” Amendments 9, 10 Rights of citizens (not mentioned in the first 8 amendments) and rights of the states Rights in Constitution are not only rights the people have Any powers not given to federal govt. belong to the state and the people Bill of Rights Informational Worksheet Homework… Study for Quiz on articles of the U.S. Constitution and the Bill of Rights Vocabulary, Notes on the Federal System, Preamble Bellringer, Summaries of the Articles, Bill of Rights Notes, Bill of Rights informational worksheet October 31, 2014 Do Now… After quietly taking your seat, take out your binder and Bill of Rights materials. Move to your partner, if you must, to finish the activity we started last time. If you were absent, see me (Mr. Glueck) Finish Frayer Models Frayer Model… 10 groups (2-3 persons per group) Each group gets an Amendment Divide legal paper into 4 sections In Center: Write Amendment Title and circle 4 sections: Definition Why it is included Illustration Quote From the People (from 1791) Any questions before the quiz?!? So, What are the responsibilities of citizens? What do y’all think? Duties of the citizen Obey the law Military service Community service Jury duty Voting Voting Possibly most important right. Why? What do we need to do to vote? What advantages do we hold today over Americans of the past? What are some challenges involved with voting? History of Voting Could you be a citizen? November 6, 2014 Do Now… Take your seat quietly and turn to the notes section of your binder. Bellringer: Quiz Review! Powers outlined by constitution (3 of them)? What clause gives Congress power to make laws that are “necessary and proper?” Goals of the preamble… Vocabulary… Bill Impeach Veto Amendment Quiz review (continued) The ARTICLES! Bill of Rights… Divided into 3 basic groups, which are…? Reason first group was included? Biggest right/idea afforded to the accused within the second group? ONE AMENDMENT!? Articles of the Constitution Pyramid style! Responsibilities of the citizen What 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. are they? Obey the law Military service Community service Jury duty Voting Example of how we fulfill these responsibilities… Ways to become a citizen… Anyone born in the U.S. or a territory it controls People who are born in a foreign country when at least one of their parents is a U.S. citizen Becoming a naturalized citizen Could you be a citizen? Checks and Balances Review Homework… Create a graphic organizer dividing the Amendments in the Bill of Rights into the reasons for why they were included Ex: Amendments 2, 3, and 4 are basic rights that protect the citizens.