Iceberg Model Russia Anna Ignatjeva Preview General facts about the culture Surface level of Russian culture Intermediate level of Russian culture Deep level of Russian culture Iceberg Model definition “Culture is like an iceberg: the deep layers are hidden from our view. We tend to see and hear only the uppermost layers of cultural artifacts. We can also witness the exchange of overt verbal and nonverbal symbol. However, to understand a culture-or a person in a cultural community- with any depth, we must match their underlying values coherently with their respective norms, meanings, and symbols” (TingToomey & Chung, 2012, p.16). General Facts about Russia Area: 6,592,800 sq miles Population: 143 million people Language: Russian Currency: Ruble Capital City: Moscow Geographical location Surface level Stereotypes Drink a lot, especially vodka Matroshka dolls Cold climate Associated with “cold war,” spies, and communists “Babushka” Good looking women A lot of bears Rich mafia guys Intermediate level Hierarchical social structure Respect to elders Respect to authority Governing authority Mafia/robber barons Hospitality once Russians get to know you Formality Language Settings and dress Intermediate level continued Russian language dominant despite many ethnic diversity Eye contact in public places may be taken as a challenge or a “dirty look”; not welcome Impression management and appearances matter; don’t be worse off than others (Keeping up with the Jones’s) Corruptions prevalent, which leads to personal relationships and favors to be above law Deep level Value of education and high literacy rates Great sense of national pride Holidays: New Year 23rd of February- Defender of Motherland Day 8th of March- International Women’s Day (started as a political activism event but is celebrated as social holiday today) 9th of May-Victory Day (World War II) 1st of September- Start of new School year Deep level Deep spirituality and superstition Religion: Russian Orthodoxy dominant; other faiths looked down upon No baby or wedding showers celebrated Value arts and theater Image retrieved from http://simplisticart.blogspot.com/2007/07/artworld-russians-are coming.html Conclusion: Many stereotypes about Russia Formality in language and dress Respect for authority and elders Value of education and arts Majority Russian Orthodox References in APA format Central Intelligence Agency. (2012). Retrieved from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-worldfactbook/geos/rs.html General Facts about Russia. (2010). Retrieved from http://www.stranslation.com/Russian_Translation/general _facts_about_russia.htm Ting-Toomey, S., & Chung, L. C. (2012). Understanding Intercultural Communication. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.