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CONFIDENTIAL
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SmartGrid – Today & Tomorrow
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SmartGrid Communication - Data Network Sources
EPRI
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SmartGrid - Data Producing Products
Today’s Data
Producers
Meter Reads - hourly
OMS systems - isolated
 Work order management
systems - reactive
Tomorrow’s Data
Producers (Real-time)
Meter Reads – 15 minute 5 minute
OMS systems – real time
 Work order mgmt systems – real time
Billing
GIS
SCADA – Real-time
Distributed Energy storage devices
Distributed Power Generators
Billing – Daily / Monthly
GIS
SCADA – Real-time
Flexible demand response programs
Distribution automation (pro-active)
FCI
Relays
Sub-stations
Transformer
Price signals (Real-time)
Customer info & notifications (Real-time)
PHEV charging criteria
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SmartGrid Communications - Time Requirements
High
Business Repository data
Days - Months
Business Intelligence
Dashboard & reports
Enterprise
Operations
L
A
T
E
N
C
Y
Historical data
Op/Non-Op data
Sec. – sub minute
SmartGrid Data Producers
Milli-sub seconds
Low
5
Minutes - days
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Transactional Analytics
Reporting systems & processes
Real-time Analytics
Visualization systems & processes
Business Intelligence
Protection & Control Systems
SmartGrid - generators
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SmartGrid Communication Network - Drivers
Transport
more data
at faster
rates
Increased
Security
measures
Support
IPV6
Network
Cross talk
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AMI
evolves to
meet
demands
for the next
generation
More
dedicated
channels
Increased
bandwidth
Transporting more data faster
 Transport more data
– Licensed AMI continues to dramatically expand “the
pipe” and increase speed:
» 100 KHz to 525 KHz
• Utilities want to transmit 3, 5,10 times the amount of
data pushing speeds beyond 1.0 Mbps
 Transport data faster
– Decreasing latency is key to enabling time sensitive
applications:
» Channelize - dedicate channels to specific applications thus
greatly reducing the latency that occurs due to multiple
applications sharing channels
» Optimization in routing algorithms
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Expanding the highwaymore dedicated
channels
+
525 kHz
100 kHz
To Smart Grid
From AMI
180
Kbps
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Dedicated
Highway
387
Kbps
738
Kbps
1.2
Mbps
Coverage – Complete Control
 Optimizing communications to
every endpoint
– Power Control of transmit from
endpoints
– Redundant coverage ensures
increased availability of every
endpoint and less data backfill
requirements
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Secure true end-to-end IPV6
 Supports IPv6 across all platforms  meters,
FCI, DA, HAN, lighting control, and etc.
– Transforms the system from a single application AMI
network to an interoperable smart grid infrastructure
– Enables industry standard addressing to be used
between all endpoints and applications
 Increased Security Measures
– Integrating IBM's asymmetric encryption and / or
Cisco Secure Routers to utility AMI endpoints
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Smart Grid Evolution - UTILITY
 Getting more out of your investment
– Reducing latency enables the network to be used for
time sensitive applications like DA, Remote Load
Shifting, and Demand Response expanding use cases
far beyond billing
– Support multiple metering & endpoints platforms
that require the ability to configure and download
firmware to each effectively and efficiency
– Continued enhancements that are forward and
backward compatible
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Next Generation SmartGrid
June 11, 2012
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Planes / Trains / SmartGrid?
Most pilots only fly the
plane below 1000 feet
during takeoffs and
landings
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Planes / Trains / SmartGrid?
To control the train moving without manual effects & by using
ir & rfid technologies. Now-a-days the trains are moving from
one station to other station based on predefined lights and
predefined distance and driver. But now we want to control
the train without driver, in the sense we want to control the
entire train automatically with technologies. Ir transmitter is
placed at either sides of the railway station at a fixed
distance. Also every train is provided with ir receiver.
Whenever the train comes closer to the station the receiver
will detects the signals and sends it to main control plant.
Otherwise it maintains the low output after comparator. Rfid
technology is used for calculating the distance b/w train and
station rfid cards are placed on railway track for every 5km
or 10km and every train will be equipped with rfid reader to
identify the rfid cards. Whenever rfid card is detected the
results are transmitted to main controller.
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Smart Grid – Future Evolution
 Expansion to meet the needs:
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Lighting
Renewable Generation
Distributed Generation
Storage
Pre-Pay expansion
Data Management
MicroGrids?
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SmartGrid – Artificial Intelligence(AI)
 SmartGrid to MicroGrid Functions
– Demand Forecasting
– Renewable Generation Forecasting
» Wind Power Forecasting
» Solar Power Forecasting
– Protection
– Intelligent Diagnosis of Equipment in MicroGrid
– Stability of MicroGrid
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Summary ZOME Slides
Prepared for: John Sotak
June 10, 2012
Dissonance: Consumer & Utility Benefits
Consumer
Home Energy
Management
Demand-Side
Management
(Savings/Control)
(Reliability/Economics)
Energy Savings
Awareness Tools
Privacy & Fairness
Personalization
Simplicity (set/forget)
Community
Utility
Grid Reliability
Energy Efficiency
Peak Load Reduction
Regulation (PUC)
Customer Satisfaction
D.E.R. Integration
Bridging the GAP requires Aggregating Consumer Benefits
linked to a scalable Demand Optimization Platform for
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Energy Providers…
Dissonance: Scalable Win/Win Solutions
Consumer
Home Energy
Mgmt Services
(HEMS)
Demand-Supply
Optimization
(DSO)
Universal Color-coded ColorPower
Set & Forget paradigm
for simple Smart Grid
Device (SGD)
controls.
HAN/HEMS
Utility
Aggregate energy
ZOMEs (DSM zones)
facilitate the participation
of HEMS
in grid
optimization programs.
DSM Programs
ZOME enables Simple, Private, and Personalized energy
management, carefully coordinated with energy grid Analytics &
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Optimization Software…
ZOMEbalance: Demand-Supply Optimization
Consumer Flexibility in aggregate yields Grid
Efficiency
Demand Flexibility:
Green (any time)
Yellow (peak periods)
Red (emergencies)
DEMAND
(Consumer
Participation)
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ZOMEbalance software
enables Precision
Control of Demand
Flexibility
SUPPLY
(Utility Operations)
ColorPower Programs Manage Demand
Flexibility
ColorPower API
Demand Flexibility
Supply-side Conditions
Subscribed Loads Cooperate in
Aggregate to Meet DSM Targets
(demand + location)
Leverage Visible Demand
Flexibility to Determine Algorithmic
DSM Targets
Green (any time)
Yellow (peak periods)
Red (emergencies)
Price/TOU
Programs
Green (Price-Sensitive)
Yellow (Reliability)
Red (Inflexible)
Reliability
Programs
Green (Renewables)
Yellow (Feed-In Tariff)
Red (Charge Now)
Renewable
Programs
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Cooperative Control Systems: Traffic
Metaphor
Grid Operations Domain
ZOME Grid Optimization:
DR Program Simulations,
Analytics, and Operations
ZOME ColorPower
Algorithms Provide
Local Traffic Controls
Utility Provides Customer
Programs to Optimize Traffic on
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the Grid
B
Consumer Domain
Customer subscribes
their Flexible Load via
simple 3-color setting
Program Participants Set
Desired Level of
Cooperation
SmartGrid – KISS Attitude Required
“Any intelligent fool can make
things bigger and more complex...
It takes a touch of genius - and a
lot of courage to move in the
opposite direction”.
Albert Einstein
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Questions
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AMI/AMR presented by John Sotak with Sensus