Essay Questions
Compare the impact of Christianity and Islam on the landscape.
In what ways is Judaism an ethnic religion?
How do different religions incorporate natural features into their
cosmogony?
How has religion been a source of territorial conflict among
people?
How has the concept of pilgrimage changed in the modern world?
What is the relationship between culture, religion, and the physical
environment?
Changes in the physical environment by people may be due to
religious ideas.
Branch
A large and fundamental division within a religion
A relatively small group that has broken away from an established
church is a
sect
A ____________________ religion appeals to people living in a
wide variety of locations.
universalizing
The world’s largest universalizing religion is
Christianity.
How did Christianity spread from its hearth?
relocation diffusion
Know the branches of Christianity
Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and Protestantism
How are Protestants in Ireland distributed?
highly clustered in one part of the island
What is the desire of most people living in Northern Ireland?
remain part of Great Britain
Why are so many Roman Catholics clustered in the southwestern
United States?
migration of Roman Catholics from Latin America
Why are people from Quebec distinguished from neighboring
Canadian provinces and the United States?
the use of religious toponyms
Is Judaism a universalizing religion?
no
Is Eastern Orthodoxy a denomination, sect, or a branch?
branch
Lutheranism is an example of a branch, sect, or denomination.
denomination
Where are Muslims clustered?
Northern Africa and the Middle East
Dominant branch of Islam
Sunni
Dominant branch of Islam in Iran is
Shiite.
What religion controlled much of present day Spain prior to 1492?
Islam
Which of these is the holiest book in Hinduism? The Bible, the
old testament, the Amrit, the Quran
none of these
What religion is the most important in the homeland of its
founder?
Islam
Why is Buddhism different than other universalizing religions?
remained concentrated in one region of the world
Contrast between Mahayanist and Theravadists
Mahayanists emphasize Buddha’s compassion
What assigns everyone to a distinct class?
Hinduism’s caste system
Followers of __________________ are most likely to believe in
other religions simultaneously?
Buddhism
Those who believe that inanimate objects and natural events have
spirits?
Animists
The agricultural calendar is unimportant to which type of
religions?
Universalizing religion
Is Buddhism an ethnic Asian Religion?
No
The performance of public service is important in what religion
found in Asia?
Confucianism
The reflection on the mystical and magical aspects of life are
important in what religion found in Asia?
Daoism
monotheism
belief in one god
Followers of which of the religious branches does not trace their
origin to Abraham? Judaism, Shiite, Sunni, Mahayana, and
Eastern Orthodox
Mahayana
For most of the past 2,000 years the ________________ have been
dispersed around the world.
Jews
Where were most Jews forced to live.
Ghetto – an area in a city
Why is Judaism classified as an ethnic rather a universalizing
religion?
Its rituals derive from the agricultural cycle in Israel.
cosmogony
beliefs concerning the origin of the universe
What religion encourages each congregation to be self-sufficient?
hierarchical
Which ethnic religion follows a lunar calendar?
Judaism
How are mosque different from churches?
a mosque is not a sanctified place
Worship of __________________ is most likely to take place at
home.
Hinduism
Cremation is very important in which religion?
Hinduism
The United Nations partition plan dividing Palestine placed
Jerusalem under
United Nations administration
The conflict in Northern Ireland is a result of
Catholic protest against discrimination by Protestants, British
colonial rule, violence committed by both sides, counties in
Northern Ireland voting to remain in the United Kingdom.
Are Jewish citizens considered Palestinians?
No – the following groups are; Muslim citizens of Israel, residents
of territories occupied by Israel, citizens of other states calling
themselves Palestinians, and residents of refugee camps
When did Israel gain control of all of Jerusalem?
The Six – Day War in 1967
Followers of _________________ have controlled the Holy Land
for most of the past 1500 years.
Islam
What religion is very important in Lebanon?
Druze
These penalties were imposed by the ________________ in
Afghanistan; homosexuals were buried alive, prostitutes were
hanged in public, and men were stoned for committing adultery,
men were beaten for shaving their beards, and thieves’ hands were
cut off, and women with nail polish had their fingers cut off.
Taliban
What policy did the British follow in India?
encouraged the abolishment of the caste system
In Russian history, what has the government policy been toward
religion?
Churches remained open but played a limited role.
The world’s largest ethnic religion?
Hinduism
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Essay Questions - presleygeography