The Migration
Gen 9:1 So God blessed Noah and his sons, and said to them:
"Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth.”

The family tree of Noah:

Shem

Ham

Japheth

And sons were born to them after the flood..
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The Migration
Gen 10:1 Now this is the genealogy of the sons of Noah: Shem, Ham,
and Japheth.
The Japhethites: Gen 10: 2-5
The sons of Japheth were Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal,
Meshech, and Tiras. The sons of Gomer were Ashkenaz,
Riphath, and Togarmah. The sons of Javan were Elishah,
Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim. From these the coastland
[peoples] of the Gentiles were separated into their lands,
everyone according to his language, according to their families,
into their nations.
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The Table of Nations
Gen 10:1 Now this is the genealogy of the sons of Noah: Shem, Ham,
and Japheth.
The Hamites: Gen 10: 6-20
The sons of Ham were Cush, Mizraim, Put, and Canaan. The sons
of Cush were Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, and Sabtechah;
and the sons of Raamah were Sheba and Dedan.
Cush begot Nimrod; he began to be a mighty one on the earth. He
was a mighty hunter before the LORD; therefore it is said, "Like
Nimrod the mighty hunter before the LORD." And the beginning
of his kingdom was Babel, Erech, Accad, and Calneh, in the land
of Shinar. From that land he went to Assyria and built Nineveh,
Rehoboth Ir, Calah, and Resen between Nineveh and Calah 3
The Table of Nations
Gen 10:1 Now this is the genealogy of the sons of Noah: Shem, Ham,
and Japheth.
The Hamites: Gen 10: 6-20 cont.
Mizraim begot Ludim, Anamim, Lehabim, Naphtuhim, Pathrusim,
and Casluhim (from whom came the Philistines and Caphtorim).
Canaan begot Sidon his firstborn, and Heth; the Jebusite, the
Amorite, and the Girgashite; the Hivite, the Arkite, and the Sinite;
the Arvadite, the Zemarite, and the Hamathite. Afterward the
families of the Canaanites were dispersed. And the border of the
Canaanites was from Sidon as you go toward Gerar, as far as Gaza;
then as you go toward Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboiim, as
far as Lasha. These the sons of Ham, according to their families,
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according to their languages, in their lands and in their nations.
The Table of Nations
Gen 10:1 Now this is the genealogy of the sons of Noah: Shem, Ham,
and Japheth.
The Semites: Gen 10: 21-30
And children were born also to Shem, the father of all the children
of Eber, the brother of Japheth the elder. The sons of Shem were
Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud, and Aram.
The sons of Aram were Uz, Hul, Gether, and Mash. Arphaxad
begot Salah, and Salah begot Eber. To Eber were born two sons:
the name of one was Peleg, for in his days the earth was divided;
and his brother's name was Joktan.
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The Table of Nations
Gen 10:1 Now this is the genealogy of the sons of Noah: Shem, Ham,
and Japheth.
The Semites: Gen 10: 21-30 cont.
Joktan begot Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, Hadoram,
Uzal, Diklah, Obal, Abimael, Sheba, Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab. All
these were the sons of Joktan.
And their dwelling place was from Mesha as you go toward Sephar,
the mountain of the east. These were the sons of Shem, according
to their families, according to their languages, in their lands,
according to their nations.
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The Table of Nations
Gen 10:32
These were the families of the sons of Noah,
according to their generations, in their nations; and
from these the nations were divided on the earth
after the flood.
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The Table of Nations
Gen 10:1 Now this is the genealogy of the sons of Noah: Shem, Ham,
and Japheth.
Japheth: (14 descendants)
7 sons and 7 grandsons
Japheth’s descendants populated:
- the principal nations of Asia Minor
- the Medes in the Extreme East
- the Ionians, Greeks, and Romans
- the lands north of Rome (Europe) Spain
- Cyprus and Rhodes
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The Table of Nations
Gen 10:1 Now this is the genealogy of the sons of Noah: Shem, Ham,
and Japheth.
Shem (29 descendants)
4 sons & 23 grandsons & 2 great-grandsons
Shem’s descendants populated –
- the lands East of the Mediterranean Sea
-the lands West of Asia
- Jews, Aramites, Assyrians, and Arabs
- Semite languages: Arabic, Hebrew
- plus Assyria, Chaldea, Lud (Lydia) & other lands
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The Table of Nations
Gen 10:1 Now this is the genealogy of the sons of Noah: Shem, Ham,
and Japheth.
Ham (29 descendants)
4 sons & 23 grandsons & 2 great-grandsons
Ham’s descendants populated –
- Cush (Ethiopia)
- Egypt
- Libya
- Canaan and the Arabian Coast
- Babylon
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The Table of Nations
Gen 10:1 Now this is the genealogy of the sons of Noah: Shem, Ham,
and Japheth.
How can the 8 survivors of the Ark populate the who earth?
•
Eskimos are different then Mexicans
•
Mexicans are different then Chinese
•
Chinese are different then Norwegians
•
Norwegians are different then Africans
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The Table of Nations
Gen 10:1 Now this is the genealogy of the sons of Noah: Shem, Ham,
and Japheth.
We know that skin color is
governed by more than one
pair of genes. For simplicity,
let's assume there are only
two, located at positions A
and B on the chromosomes.
One form of the gene, "M,"
“says” to make lots of
Melanin; another form of the
gene, "m," says to only
make a little melanin.
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The Table of Nations
Gen 11:1 Now the whole earth had one language and one speech.
Ham’s descendants generally produced peoples and
nations that opposed the works of God and His people
in the Old Testament.
That is why the Old Testament came to proclaim the
divine wrath on these peoples, being symbols of evil.
• Cush = darkness of ignorance
• Egypt = love of the world
• Canaan = Idolatry
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The Rebellion
Gen 11:1 Now the whole earth had one language and one speech.
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The Rebellion
Gen 11:1 Now the whole earth had one language and one speech.
Cush begot Nimrod; he began to be a mighty one on
the earth. He was a mighty hunter before the LORD;
therefore it is said, "Like Nimrod the mighty hunter
before the LORD." And the beginning of his kingdom
was Babel, Erech, Accad, and Calneh, in the land of
Shinar.
Many consider this to be a positive, complimentary
testimony about Nimrod.
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The Rebellion
Gen 11:1 Now the whole earth had one language and one speech.
Cush begot Nimrod; he began to be a mighty one on
the earth. He was a mighty hunter before the LORD;
therefore it is said, "Like Nimrod the mighty hunter
before the LORD." And the beginning of his kingdom
was Babel, Erech, Accad, and Calneh, in the land of
Shinar.
Many consider this to be a positive, complimentary
testimony about Nimrod.
Actually, It is just the opposite!
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The Rebellion
Gen 11:1 Now the whole earth had one language and one speech.
So Who Was Nimrod?

Very significant man in ancient times

Nimrod was the grandson of Ham

Nimrod was the great-grandson of Noah

Nimrod started his kingdom at Babylon
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The Rebellion
Gen 11:1 Now the whole earth had one language and one speech.
What does the name Nimrod mean?
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The Rebellion
Gen 11:1 Now the whole earth had one language and one speech.
What does the name Nimrod mean?
It comes from the Hebrew verb marad (MRD)
meaning "rebel.“
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The Rebellion
Gen 11:1 Now the whole earth had one language and one speech.
What does the name Nimrod mean?
It comes from the Hebrew verb marad (MRD)
meaning "rebel."
Adding an “N” before the “m” it becomes an infinitive
construct, "Nimrod.”
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The Rebellion
Gen 11:1 Now the whole earth had one language and one speech.
What does the name Nimrod mean?
It comes from the Hebrew verb marad (MRD)
meaning "rebel."
Adding an “N” before the “m” it becomes an infinitive
construct, "Nimrod.”
The meaning then is "The Rebel.”
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The Rebellion
Gen 11:1 Now the whole earth had one language and one speech.
Thus “Nimrod” is probably not his true name at all. It is
more likely a derisive term symbolizing a type or a
representative of a system, epitomized in rebellion
against God the Creator
In Genesis 10:8-11 “Nimrod” established a kingdom. If, as
we believe, Genesis is true we should expect to see
some mention of a character like Nimrod in ex-Biblical
sources, like in the literature of the ancient Near East
Clay tablets have been found describing such an individual
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The Rebellion
Gen 11:1 Now the whole earth had one language and one speech.
Tablets naming an actual person named Gilgamesh,
who is stunningly, similar to Nimrod were found
among the ruins of a temple library and the palace
library in Nineveh and are dated to 2000 B.C. but the
Gilgamesh story is undoubtedly much older
The arrogance, ruthlessness and depravity of
Gilgamesh were a grave concern for the citizens his
kingdom, Uruk
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The Rebellion
Gen 11:1 Now the whole earth had one language and one speech.
Parallels between Nimrod & Gilgamesh
• Gilgamesh fought against "Huwawa" very similar to
“YHWH”
•
Gilgamesh & Nimrod were both tyrants
• There was a flood in the Bible and the story of
Gilgamesh.
• Cush and Erech are mentioned in the Bible, Kish &
Uruk were cities in Gilgamesh's kingdom
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The Rebellion
Gen 11:1 Now the whole earth had one language and one speech.
What the ancient historian Josephus says about Nimrod is
precisely what is found in the Gilgamesh epics.
Nimrod persuaded his kingdom to ascribe their happiness to
their own courage not to God and he gradually changed
the government into tyranny and turned men from the
fear of God, bringing them into a constant dependence
upon his own power.
Gilgamesh set up tyranny, he opposed YHWH and did his
utmost to get people to forsake Him.
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The Rebellion
Gen 11:1 Now the whole earth had one language and one speech.
Only 8 people came from the Ark & all worshipped
YHWH
But at some point an influential person became
opposed to YHWH and gathered others to his side
I suggest that Nimrod is the one who did it, just as
Cain had done before the Flood
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The Rebellion
Gen 11:1 Now the whole earth had one language and one speech.
Our English translation of the Hebrew of Genesis 10:8-10
is weak.
The author of the passage will not honor Gilgamesh and
call him by his name
Rather he calls him by a sarcastic name “The Rebel”
Therefore we might interpret Genesis 10:8-10 to read,
Cush begat Nimrod; Nimrod became a tyrant in the earth.
He was a tyrannical hunter in opposition to the Lord. Thus
it is said, 'Nimrod the tyrannical opponent of YHWH.' 27
The Rebellion
Gen 11:1 Now the whole earth had one language and one speech.
Man’s present day tower of Babel is Post Modernism,
our culture, and our civilization
Like the people of Babylon, we build our great
buildings to honor what we think is important.
Look at most any city, and the largest buildings will
tell you what the culture ultimately values.
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The Rebellion
Gen 11:1 Now the whole earth had one language and one speech.
It is an interesting
behavior, isn't it. The
powerful get to name
entire buildings, while
less important just get
their names on bricks,
or brass plaques
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The Rebellion
Gen 11:1 Now the whole earth had one language and one speech.
The largest
buildings will
tell you what
the culture
ultimately
values.
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The Judgment
Gen 11:7 Come, let Us go down and there confuse their language, that
they may not understand one another's speech
Babylon later reached its zenith under Nebuchadnezzar
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The Judgment
Gen 11:7 Come, let Us go down and there confuse their language, that
they may not understand one another's speech
Gen 11:4 And they said,
"Come, let us build
ourselves a city, and a
tower whose top is in the
heavens; let us make a
name for ourselves, lest we
be scattered abroad over
the face of the whole
earth."
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The Judgment
Gen 11:7 Come, let Us go down and there confuse their language, that
they may not understand one another's speech
Note the use of the word “us”
Gen 11:3-4
"Come, let us make bricks and bake them thoroughly.“
"Come, let us build ourselves a city, and a tower whose
top is in the heavens;
“let us make a name for ourselves”
Gen 11:7
“Come, let Us go down and there confuse their
language, that they may not understand one another's
speech."
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The Judgment
Gen 11:7 Come, let Us go down and there confuse their language, that
they may not understand one another's speech
“Us” refers to the Mystery of the Tri-unity Godhead.
Gen 1:26 “Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our
likeness”
Matt 3:16 ”Jesus came up immediately from the water; and
behold, the heavens were opened to Him, and He saw the Spirit
of God descending like a dove and alighting upon Him. And
suddenly a voice [came] from heaven, saying, "This is My
beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased."
Matt 28:19
Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations,
baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and34 of
the Holy Spirit,
The Judgment
Gen 11:7 Come, let Us go down and there confuse their language, that
they may not understand one another's speech
Three points about the Judgment are
1. Divine discernment
2. Divine Counsel
3. Divine Judgment
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The Judgment
Gen 11:7 Come, let Us go down and there confuse their language, that
they may not understand one another's speech
1. Divine discernment - God sees all things
PS 14:2
The LORD looks down from heaven upon the
children of men, To see if there are any who understand, who
seek God.
PS 102:19
For He looked down from the height of His
sanctuary; From heaven the LORD viewed the earth
Heb 4:13 And there is no creature hidden from His sight,
but all things are naked and open to the eyes of Him to whom
we must give account.
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The Judgment
Gen 11:7 Come, let Us go down and there confuse their language, that
they may not understand one another's speech
2. Divine Counsel - The unity of the Godhead is for man’s
blessing.
John 3:16
For God so loved the world that He gave His only
begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish
but have everlasting life.
1 Tim 2:5
For there is one God and one Mediator between God
and men, the Man Christ Jesus, who gave Himself a ransom for
all, to be testified in due time
GAL 3:28 There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave
nor free, there is neither male nor female; for you are all one
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in Christ Jesus.
The Judgment
Gen 11:7 Come, let Us go down and there confuse their language, that
they may not understand one another's speech
3. Divine Judgment - and God’s plan for salvation
a. Confusion of the Tongues = Judgment
b. Unity of the Tongues = Grace
c. Harmony of Tongues = Glory
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The Judgment
Gen 11:7 Come, let Us go down and there confuse their language, that
they may not understand one another's speech
3. Divine Judgment - and God’s plan for salvation
a. Confusion of the Tongues = Judgment
Gen 11:7-8 Let Us go down and there confuse
their language, that they may not understand
one another's speech. So the LORD scattered
them abroad
b. Unity of the Tongues = Grace
c. Harmony of Tongues = Glory
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The Judgment
Gen 11:7 Come, let Us go down and there confuse their language, that
they may not understand one another's speech
3. Divine Judgment - and God’s plan for salvation
a. Confusion of the Tongues = Judgment
b. Unity of the Tongues = Grace
Acts 2:1-12
When the Day of Pentecost had
fully come, they were all with one accord in one
place…And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit
and began to speak with other tongues…everyone
heard them speak in his own language.
c. Harmony of Tongues = Glory
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The Judgment
Gen 11:7 Come, let Us go down and there confuse their language, that
they may not understand one another's speech
3. Divine Judgment - and God’s plan for salvation
a. Confusion of the Tongues = Judgment
b. Unity of the Tongues = Grace
c. Harmony of Tongues = Glory
Rev 7:9-10 all nations, tribes, peoples, and
tongues, standing before the throne and before
the Lamb,…and crying out with a loud voice,
saying, "Salvation [belongs] to our God who sits
on the throne, and to the Lamb!"
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The Judgment
Gen 11:7 Come, let Us go down and there confuse their language, that
they may not understand one another's speech
3. Divine Judgment - and God’s plan for salvation
a. Confusion of the Tongues = Judgment
b) Unity of the Tongues = Grace
c. Harmony of Tongues = Glory
Rev 7:9-10 all nations, tribes, peoples, and tongues, standing
before the throne and before the Lamb,…and crying out with a
loud voice, saying, "Salvation [belongs] to our God who sits on
the throne, and to the Lamb!"
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The Rest of the story
Gen 11:7 Come, let Us go down and there confuse their language, that
they may not understand one another's speech
Who
Gave Birth to
At Age
Then Lived
Shem
Arphaxad
100
500
Arphaxad
Shelah
35
403
Shelah
Eber
30
403
Eber
Peleg
34
430
Peleg
Reu
30
209
Reu
Serug
31
207
Serug
Nahor
30
200
Nahor
Terah
29
119
Terah
Aram, Nahor,
Haran
70
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The Rest of the story
Gen 11:7 Come, let Us go down and there confuse their language, that
they may not understand one another's speech
To Be continued…
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