CRCT Review with a few H.O.G.S. Hard or Obscure Grammar Skills Misplaced Modifier • Misplaced modifiers are just that (misplaced). They are not in the right place in a sentence! Modifiers need to be next the whatever they modify! Which sentence contains a misplaced modifier? a) A. Groaning in pain, the book dropped from the girl’s arms. b) Climbing across the sofa, the kitten curled in my lap. c) After finishing the assignment, I turned it in. d) Parked in the garage, the vans sat there all night. The answer is… • A---The book is not groaning in pain, but the way the sentence reads, it sounds like the book is groaning!! Research/Reference Which resource would contain the definition of many words? a) Thesaurus b) Dictionary c) Newspaper d) atlas • The answer is B, dictionary. • Do you know what an atlas is? Verb Tense Make some sentences of your own using different tenses. Verb Tense present present perfect past past perfect future future perfect Description action or state of being that happens now or regularly action or state of being that began in the past but continues into the present action or state of being that happened at a particular time in the past action or state of being that began in the past and was completed action or state of being that will take place action or state of being that will begin in the future and will end at a specific time in the future Example Juan walks to school. Juan has walked to school every day this month. Juan walked to school yesterday. Juan had walked to school every day until he started taking the bus. Juan will walk to school tomorrow. Juan will have walked to school every day by the end of the year. Verbals Which ones contain an infinitive (to + verb)? a) I like to eat popcorn. b) I am going to the store. c) We will make it to the top. d) I am going to take a nap. Verbals • A and D Clauses • Go to my class website. Go to the CRCT page. Scroll down until you find the CLAUSES ppt. Go through the slides with your team. Parts of Speech Which part of speech is the underlined word in the sentence below? The sculptors had left the studio lights on when they went home. a) Noun b) Pronoun c) Adjective d) preposition Parts of Speech • The answer is B, pronoun. What is the antecedent (word the pronoun replaces) of this pronoun? Sentence Combining What is the best way to combine the sentences below? The can opener is easy to use. It is also very sharp. a) Since the can opener is easy to use, it is also very sharp. b) The can opener is easy to use until it is very sharp. c) Although the can opener is easy to use, it is also very sharp. d) The can opener is easy to use, which makes it very sharp. Sentence Combining • C---This is the only one that uses the correct transition. There, Their, They’re In which sentence is the word there used correctly? a) The students gave there word that they would study. b) If you are able, could you give them there dinner? c) Put the basket down there in front of the fireplace. d) We need you to be with them for there performance. There, Their, They’re • C- Correct Answer • Talk with your team about the different uses of these words. • Make some sentences of your own. Subject/Predicate Which word is the subject of the sentence? I had to recharge my laptop. a) I b) had c) recharge d) laptop Subject/Predicate • A- I • The subject does the action of the sentence. It is what the sentence is about. Transitions • Which transitional word BEST completes the sentence below? The wind chill factor was ten degrees below zero, ___ we did not go hiking. a) yet b) so c) similarly d) although Transitions • B-so • When might you use the other transition words? Give sentence examples. Research Which of the following is a bibliography entry? a. Stinger, Jacy ---1,4,9-15, 29 b. Chapter 2…Making Milkshakes…22 c. Verb: an action or state-of-being word. d. Hagar, Louise. Why Yoga Matters. New York: Belmont, 2005. Research • D • Talk with your team. What is a bibliography? When do we use them? Sentence Structures Which of the following is a simple sentence? a) Until you listen attentively, the meeting cannot proceed. b) The street cleaner will be here after breakfast. c) Give him your deposit, so you can register your name. d) Although she is tired, she still makes a delicious meal. Sentence Structure • B • Talk with you team about the other answers. What sentence structures to they have? Explain. Parts of Speech In the sentence below, what part of speech is the underlined word? I can’t believe you would wear the darker suit when you have so many more cheerful ones. a) verb b) noun c) adverb d) adjective Parts of Speech • D- adjective…It describes suit. Suit is a noun. • What is the function of the other parts of speech? Research Which of the following describes a primary source? a) It is a first hand account of something. b) It is told by a second or third party. Primary Source • A Research/Reference Which resource would contain antonyms for the word nice? a) atlas b) thesaurus c) dictionary d) newspaper Research/Reference • B, thesaurus • What else might you find in a thesaurus? Writing Which would NOT be a supporting detail for this topic sentence? Sports Day was one of the most exciting days of the school year. a) In the early morning, the janitors placed colored paper tapes around the racing areas. b) Bunches of balloons were tied to poles pressed firmly into the ground. c) The eggs served at breakfast were scrambled or fried. d) After breakfast, parents began arriving to see their children participate in the main events. Writing • C Writing • Which transitional word would MOST LIKELY be used to show a sequence of events? a) unless b) however c) below d) next Writing • D- next • How might you use the other transitions? Sentences • Which one is a sentence fragment? a) Enjoyed riding the roller coaster. b) The children came from day camp. c) Sunshine flooded the room. d) That was not too much trouble. • A • What is a fragment? • What is a run-on? Research/Reference Which of the following records the author’s name, the name of a work, the city it was published in, and the year of publication? a) bibliography b) glossary c) summary d) outline Research/Reference • A- bibliography Writing Which structure is BEST for showing how one thing makes another thing happen? a) order of importance b) compare and contrast c) sequence of events d) cause and effect Writing • D- cause and effect • What are the other structures used for? Punctuation Which sentence used incorrect punctuation? a) Until the decision is made, I would appreciate your silence. b) I walked slowly to the park, but I ran home at high speed. c) Without thinking about what she was doing, Marlene ate the whole chocolate bar. d) For the first three hours of the day we will spend time relaxing. Punctuation • D- There is a comma missing. It should follow the word day. • Go to the CRCT tab of my website. There is a ppt about comma rules. Look over it with your team. Punctuation Which sentence is punctuated incorrectly? a) Charlene asked, “Does she always speak so kindly?” b) “Okay, said Carol, “I will try to keep the bike a secret.” c) “To get to the park, “ answered Keith, “turn left over there.” d) After lunch, Almay thought, “I am very full of food!” Punctuation • B—Look at the placement of the quotation marks. • For more on quotation marks, see the DIALOGUE AND QUOTATION MARKS PowerPoint on the CRCT page of my class website.