What exactly is an object pronoun?
➢ An object pronoun receives the action or completes
the meaning of the verb in a sentence.
➢ Example: He ate the table.
The verb is “ate.” What was eaten? The table.
Therefore, table is the object of the verb.
What is a direct object pronoun?
➢ It receives the action of the verb.
➢ It means “it” or “them.”
➢ It goes before the verb.
➢ It answers the questions “What?” or “Who?”
➢ It replaces a noun.
DIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNS
me
nos
te
lo, la
Lo can also mean “it.”
los, las
What is an indirect object pronoun?
➢ It goes before the verb and after the subject pronoun.
➢ It means “to someone” or “for someone.”
➢ It answers the questions “To whom?” or “For whom?”
➢ It can be used with the verb gustar. (In Spanish, saying that you like
something is the same as saying that it is pleasing to you.)
➢ It replaces a noun.
INDIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNS
me
nos
te
le
les
Examples of DOPs
➢ “¿Necesitas la pluma?”
“Si, la necesita.”
➢ “Yo te miro . . . ”
(“Bailando” by Enrique Iglesias)
Examples of IOPs
➢ A ella le gustan los libros.
➢ Yo le doy el libro a
Juan.
(The “a Juan” at the end of the sentence is used to clarify who you give the
book to, since “le” can mean him, her, or you.)
➢ Te recomendamos este artículo.
(National Geographic en español)
Practice Problems
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
She sees him.
He says to her.
We drop it.
I give to them.
You want it.
A. Yo les doy.
B. Nosotros lo soltamos.
C. Él le dice (a ella).
D. Tú lo quieres.
E. Ella lo ve.
Instructions: Tell whether each sentence features a DOP or an
IOP. Then match the sentence to its Spanish translation.
Answers
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
DOP
IOP
DOP
IOP
DOP
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
E
C
B
A
D