Quia
Tier 3
Quarter 1
Week 1
Pitch
Definition: How high or
low a note sounds
Beat
Definition: The steady
pulse in music
Beat Vs. Count
BEAT is the steady pulse in the
music and COUNT is how we
measure the beat in the music.
Music Staff
A music staff has FIVE lines and FOUR spaces
A music staff is what
the notes go on
Treble Clef
This is a TREBLE CLEF.
The treble clef indicates
notes in a higher range.
Bar Line
Definition: A vertical line that is used
to separate music into measures
Measure
Definition: area between bar
lines that contains notes and
rhythms
Double Bar Line
Definition: Two straight lines used to
mark the end of a piece of music
Note Durations
Note Name: Eighth Note (Flagged)
Note Duration: 1/2 count
Note Name: Eighth Note (Barred)
Note Duration: 1/2 (+) 1/2 = 1
Note Durations
Note Name: Quarter Note
Note Duration: 1 Count
Note Name: Half Note
Note Duration: 2 Counts
Note Durations
Note Name: Dotted Half Note
Note Duration: 3 Counts
Note Name: Whole Note
Note Duration: 4 Counts
Music Alphabet
A
G
B
C
F
E
D
The Music Alphabet consists of seven notes. Once
you get to G you go back to A and repeat again.
Note Names
D
Middle C
E
F
G A
E
D
B C
F
Note Names
E
C
A
F
Top Space: E
2nd Space: C
3rd Space: A
Bottom Space: F
What
do the
letters
of the
spaces
spell?
Note Names
F
D
B
G
E
Top Line: F
2nd Line: D
3rd Line: B
What is a
saying we
can use to
4th Line: G
remember
Bottom Line: E
the lines?
Quia
Level 3
Quarter 1
Week 2
Time Signatures
Definition: Time signatures tell us
how many beats per measure and
what note gets the beat.
Time Signatures
Top Number = How Many Beats per Measure
Top Number = 4 =
4 Beats Per Measure
Top Number = 3 =
3 Beats Per Measure
Top Number = 95 = 95 Beats Per Measure
Time Signatures
Bottom Number = What note gets the beat
__1__
4
__6__
8
__2__
2
Quarter Note
Eighth Note
Half Note
Time Signatures
Common Time –
Another way of writing
a 4/4 time signature. It
means the SAME as a
4/4 time signature does
Time Signatures
= 4 Beats Per Measure
= Quarter Note gets the Beat
= 3 Beats Per Measure
= Quarter Note gets the Beat
Time Signatures
= 6 Beats Per Measure
= Eighth Note gets the Beat
= 9 Beats Per Measure
= Eighth Note gets the Beat
Rhythm
Definition: The patterns
of long and short sounds
and silence in music.
Rhythm Examples
STEP 1: HOW MANY BEATS PER MEASURE?
4
Rhythm Examples
STEP 2: WHAT NOTE GETS THE BEAT?
Quarter
Rhythm Examples
STEP 3: ALWAYS START WITH 1.
1
Rhythm Examples
STEP 4: FILL IN THE REST OF THE COUNTS.
1
2
+
3
+
4
A plus sign (+) will
be used for the
second half of the
beat
Rhythm Examples
For these rhythms, you must have four full
counts in every example.
An underscore (_) will
be used when notes
receive more than one
count
1
+ 2_3
4
+
Rhythm Examples
A space will go
between counts for
new notes
1_2_3
4
Parentheses go
around rest
counts to
indicate silence
1_2_3_4
1 +
2
(3) +
4
(1)
2_3_4
Rhythm Examples
= 1 +_2 +
Rhythm Examples
1+
2_3
1 +
2 +_3 +
1
1_2 3_4
1
+_2 +
3_4
2
+_3 +
4 +
1_2_3_4
Rhythm Fill in the Blank
What notes will complete the following measures?
Write in the note name
Quarter Note
Half Note
Rhythm Fill in the Blank
What RESTS will complete the following measures?
Write in the note name
Quarter Rest
Half Rest
Rests
Definition: A rest is a time in the
music when no singing or playing
occurs
Rest Types
Rest Name: Eighth Rest
Rest Duration: 1/2 count
Rest Name: Quarter Rest
Rest Duration: 1 count
Rest Types
Rest Name: Half Rest
Rest Duration: 2 counts
Rest Name: Whole Rest
Rest Duration: 4 counts
Rhythm and Rests
Remember to check your time signatures!
1 +
2
(3) +
4
(1)
1_2_3
2_3_4
4
+
Parentheses go
around rest
counts to indicate
silence
(1_2_3_4)
Rhythm and Rests
1
+
(2_3)
4 +
1_2_3
(4) +
Rhythm Fill in the Blank
What rest would complete the following measures?
Quarter Rest
Half Rest
Solfege
Definition: A series of syllables that
correspond to the notes of the
scale
Solfege
DO
TI
LA
SOL
FA
MI
RE
DO
Solfege
DO
RE
MI
FA SOL
LA
TI
DO
Solfege
DO RE MI RE
DO MI SOL
LA SOL FA MI
RE SOL DO
Solfege
DO MI SOL
SOL MI DO
TI LA SOL SOL
LA TI DO
Solfege
DO SOL DO SOL MI RE DO
MI FA SOL LA
TI
DO
Solfege
RE RE DO RE MI FA SOL
SOL FA MI RE DO SOL DO
Major Scale
Definition:
A series of notes based on
musical steps
Solfege for a Major Scale
DO
TI
LA
SOL
FA
MI
RE
DO
Quia
Tier 3
Quarter 1
Week 3
Bass Clef
This is a BASS CLEF.
The bass clef is used to
indicate notes in a lower
range.
**Practice drawing bass clefs**
Bass Clef Note Names
G
A
B
C D
E
F
G
C
B
A
Bass Clef Note Names
G
E
C
A
2nd Space: E
What is a
saying we
can use to
3rd Space: C
remember
Top Space: G
Bottom Space: A
the
spaces?
All Cows
Eat Grass
Bass Clef Note Names
A
F
D
B
G
Top Line: A
2nd
Line: F
3rd Line: D
4th Line: B
Bottom Line: G
What is a
saying we
can use to
remember
the lines?
Good Boys
Do Fine
Always
Piano – White Keys
C
D
E
F
G
A
B
Piano – White Keys
To find C…
First you find a set of TWO black
keys, the note directly to the left of
the two black keys is C.
Piano – White Keys
1. Find a set of two black keys
Piano – White Keys
2. Go to the note directly to the left of the
black keys.
THIS IS C!
Piano – White Keys
To find F…
First you find a set of THREE black
keys, the note directly to the left of
the three black keys is F.
Piano – White Keys
1. Find a set of THREE black keys
Piano – White Keys
2. Go to the note directly to the left of the
black keys.
THIS IS F!
Piano – White Keys
G
B
D
Quia
Tier 3
Quarter 1
Week 4
Dynamics
Definition: How loud or soft you
sing
There are different symbols and words for different
dynamic levels.
Dynamics
English Word
Italian Word
Very Very Loud/Strong
Very Loud/Strong
Loud/Strong
Medium Loud/Strong
Medium Soft
Fortississimo
Fortissimo
Forte
Mezzo Forte
Mezzo Piano
Dynamics
English Word
Italian Word
Soft
Very Soft
Very Very Soft
Gradually get louder
Gradually get softer
Piano
Pianissimo
Pianississimo
Crescendo
Decrescendo
Dynamics
English Word
Very Very Loud/Strong
Very Loud/Strong
Loud/Strong
Medium Loud/Strong
Medium Soft
Symbol
fff
ff
f
mf
mp
Dynamics
English Word
Soft
Very Soft
Very Very Soft
Gradually get louder
Gradually get softer
Symbol
p
pp
ppp
<
>
Piano – Flat Keys
A flat changes a note by making it a
1/2 step…
LOWER
Piano – Flat Keys
Flats only happen when
we are descending (going
down the scale)
Piano – Flat Keys
Db
C
Eb
D
Gb
E
F
Ab
G
Bb
A
B
Piano – Flat Keys
Gb
Db
Bb
Quia
Tier 3
Quarter 1
Week 5
Interval
Definition: The distance between
two pitches
Example: A major third is an example
of an interval.
Octave
Definition: Two pitches of the same name
where one is sounding eight tones higher
than the other.
Octave
Octave
Octave
Unison
Definition: When everyone is singing
the same thing at the same time
Example: The choir began the song singing in
unison.
Harmony
Definition: When different voice parts
are singing different rhythms or notes
at the same time
Example: The song the director gave the
ensemble required the choir to sing in harmony.
Dotted Quarter Note
Adding a DOT to a note:
A dot after a note takes half the note
value and adds it to the original note,
creating a new note.
Dotted Quarter Note
Note Name: Dotted Quarter Note
Note Duration: 1 ½ Counts
Rhythm Counting
1_+_2
+
3_+_4
It will look like a
sandwich with either
numbers or and signs
sandwiching something
in the middle
+
1_2_3_4
When counting dotted
quarter notes, you
connect all three counts
with underscores
1
(3) +
+_2_+
4
(+)
Rhythm Counting
1_+_2 +
3 +
4
(1_2) 3_+_4 +
1
(1_2)
3_+_4
+
2 +_3_+
1 +_2_+
(4)
3_4
(1_2)
3_+_4
+
Quia
Tier 3
Quarter 1
Week 6
Piano – Sharp Keys
A sharp changes a note by making it a
1/2 step…
HIGHER
Piano – Sharp Keys
Sharps only happen when
we are ascending (going
up the scale)
Piano – Sharp Keys
C#
C
D#
D
F#
E
F
G#
G
A#
A
B
Piano – Sharp Keys
F#
C#
A#
Grand Staff
A GRANDSTAFF is when the treble and
bass clefs are seen together.
Grand Staff
Though the bass clef and
the treble clef are now
combined, ALL of the
note names stay the
same!
Grand Staff
When the treble and bass clef are combined,
everything stays the same!
C D E F G A B
C D E F G A B C
Grand Staff
What words are spelled using notes on the
Grand Staff?
BEEF
ACED