by
A Smarty
Activity
Cyndie Sebourn
&
Sascyn Publishing, Inc.
This Smarty Activity is the intellectual
property of Cyndie Sebourn and Sascyn
Publishing, Inc.
Complex Sentence
Options 4-5: Adverb
Clauses
This Smarty Activity is the intellectual
property of Cyndie Sebourn and Sascyn
Publishing, Inc.
Dependent Clause
• A Dependent Clause contains a Subject and a
Verb, but it does not have a complete
thought; it doesn’t make sense by itself.
• Think about the word “dependent.” If you are
dependent upon others, you need their help.
• A Dependent Clause needs help from or is
dependent upon an Independent Clause.
This Smarty Activity is the intellectual
property of Cyndie Sebourn and Sascyn
Publishing, Inc.
• Dependent Clauses can also be called
Subordinate Clauses.
• Dependent Clauses create a Complex
Sentence.
This Smarty Activity is the intellectual
property of Cyndie Sebourn and Sascyn
Publishing, Inc.
•
•
•
•
Because Brush of Truth rocks!
Subject? Brush of Truth
Verb? Rocks
Complete Thought (does it make sense?) –
Absolutely Not!
• If it has a Subject, a Verb, but it does not
make sense by itself, it is a Dependent Clause!
This Smarty Activity is the intellectual
property of Cyndie Sebourn and Sascyn
Publishing, Inc.
Options
• The word “options” in this activity means
“choices.”
• The are two “options” or “choices” for
correctly writing complex sentences.
This Smarty Activity is the intellectual
property of Cyndie Sebourn and Sascyn
Publishing, Inc.
Complex Sentence: Option 4
Adverb Dependent Clause
• A complex sentence consists of an Independent
Clause and a Dependent Clause.
• Because Brush of Truth lets me choose my
adventures, the plot is different each time.
• Because Brush of Truth lets me choose my
adventures – Dependent Clause: does not make
sense alone.
• the plot is different each time – Independent
Clause: makes sense alone.
This Smarty Activity is the intellectual
property of Cyndie Sebourn and Sascyn
Publishing, Inc.
Subordinating Conjunctions
• These Dependent Clauses begin with words
that are called Subordinating Conjunctions.
• Subordinating Conjunctions: since, because,
when, while, if, although, where, until, …
• The Subordinating Conjunctions that start
these clauses help them make sense!
This Smarty Activity is the intellectual
property of Cyndie Sebourn and Sascyn
Publishing, Inc.
Adverb Clauses
• The Dependent Clauses that begin with
Subordinating Conjunctions are called Adverb
Clauses.
• There are two types of Adverb Clauses:
Option 4 and Option 5.
This Smarty Activity is the intellectual
property of Cyndie Sebourn and Sascyn
Publishing, Inc.
• Option 4 sentences begin with an Adverb
Dependent Clause; this introductory clause is
followed by a COMMA.
This Smarty Activity is the intellectual
property of Cyndie Sebourn and Sascyn
Publishing, Inc.
Option 4 Example
• As you turn it over in your hands, your fingers
feel a slight indent. (Option 4)
• As you turn it over in your hands is a
Dependent Clause; it does not make sense
alone because it begins with the
Subordinating Conjunction “AS.” It needs the
Independent Clause your fingers feel a slight
indent so that it will make sense!
This Smarty Activity is the intellectual
property of Cyndie Sebourn and Sascyn
Publishing, Inc.
• As you turn it over in your hands begins the
Complex Sentence, so it is an Option 4
sentence!
• Remember that a comma follows the
introductory Dependent Clause.
This Smarty Activity is the intellectual
property of Cyndie Sebourn and Sascyn
Publishing, Inc.
Complex Sentence: Option 5
Adverb Dependent Clause
• Again, Adverb Dependent Clauses begin with
subordinating conjunctions.
• Option 5 is opposite from Option 4 because
this sentence ends with the Dependent
Clause.
• Since it ends with the Dependent Clause,
there is no comma!
This Smarty Activity is the intellectual
property of Cyndie Sebourn and Sascyn
Publishing, Inc.
• As you turn it over in your hands, your fingers
feel a slight indent. (Option 4)
• Your fingers feel a slight indent as you turn it
over in your hands. (Option 5) (No Comma!)
• Just FLIP an Option 4 sentence’s clauses and
remove the comma, and you will have an
Option 5 sentence!
This Smarty Activity is the intellectual
property of Cyndie Sebourn and Sascyn
Publishing, Inc.
Smarty Practice
• Change the following Option 4 sentences to
Option 5 sentences; remember there is no
comma when you FLIP the clauses!
• Because you have bravely volunteered to help
find the opal ring, you will be protected by The
Kingdom of the Deep.
This Smarty Activity is the intellectual
property of Cyndie Sebourn and Sascyn
Publishing, Inc.
• As your light grazes the headstones, you begin
to see the names carved in the rugged gray
surfaces.
• When it reaches its pincers up first, you act.
• Before you can protest, Hawaiian shirt has
bent over and scooped up the box.
This Smarty Activity is the intellectual
property of Cyndie Sebourn and Sascyn
Publishing, Inc.
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Complex Sentences Options 4-5 Powerpointx