Simultaneity
Identity models for
st
the 21 Century
EVANGELINA HOLVINO, Ed.D.
© 2010 CHAOS MANAGEMENT, LTD.
What’s In A Place?
Complicating Identity
I am from Puerto Rico
No.
I’m also from
Vermont
Why not
Puerto Rican?
In the mainland/
USA citizen
Lived there
For the past
27 years
Not
from New York
Complicated
political
relation
Really!
But…
where
are you
from?
(But, a P.R.
in Vermont?)
My accent
you mean?
Not poor
Not uneducated
“Between”
Latin America
& U.S.A.
Not the
stereotype
2
Popular Models of
Identity
TREAT DIFFERENCES AS
•
•
•
•
Essential
Innate
Fixed
Independent and additive variables
Reified and universal
3
Example
SOCIAL IDENTITY GROUPS
Religion
Ethnicity
Physical
Ability
Race
Gender
Sexual
Orientation
Age
Class
1992: Bailey Jackson, Ed.D.; New Perspectives, Inc.; Amherst, MA.
Mental
Ability
4
Example
IDENTITY
WHEEL
Heritage
Firm
Regional
Location
Language/
Accent
Work
Style
Age
Social
Class
Gender
Race
Ethnic
Heritage
Economic
Status
Learning
Style
Education
Mental/Physical
Abilities &
Leadership Characteristics
Style
Family
Status
Religion
Sexual
Orientation
Work
Experience
Communication
Style
Organizational
Role and Level
1996. Marilyn Loden , Implementing Diversity. Irwin Professional Publishing.
5
An Alternative:
Postcolonial Feminist Models
TREAT DIFFERENCES AS
•
•
•
•
•
Relational
Socially constructed
Subjective identities and social processes
Power relations
Interdependent & interacting
Historically specific and changing
6
Example
INTERSECTIONALITY
G
R
E
C
1992: Bell & Nkomo.
7
Simultaneity
Nationality
Sexuality
Class
Gender
Ethnicity
Race
8
Simultaneity…
• Identity(ies) is/are multiple, contradictory,
situational
• Race, ethnicity, gender, class,
nationality, sexuality …
… are simultaneous processes of identity,
institutional, and social practice
9
Simultaneity in action
10
Simultaneity in action
11
Some Practical Skills
•
•
•
Flexibility, e.g., speaking in 2+voices
Owning complexity & multiplicity
Managing expectations & pressure for
singularity
•
Thinking “location” in time and space, e.g.,
history and context
•
Effort, i.e. to hold on to the “selves”
12
Q&A
•What would it mean for you to
embrace simultaneity?
13
Recommended reading:
•
•
•
•
•
Bell & Nkomo. Our Separate Ways. 2001
Dhingra, P. Managing Multicultural Lives: Asian American
Professionals… 2007
Holvino, E. Intersections: The simultaneity …Gender, Work
and Organization, 5/2010 and Theories of differences:
Changing Paradigms…In D. Plummer , Handbook of Diversity
Management. 2003.
Smith, Z. Speaking in Tongues. In Changing my mind. 2009.
Weber, L. Understanding race, class, gender and
sexuality…2010.
14
Thank you
EVANGELINA HOLVINO, Ed.D.
CHAOS MANAGEMENT, LTD.
178 Meetinghouse Lane
BRATTLEBORO, VT 05301
802.257.5218
[email protected]
www.chaosmanagement.com
Dr. Holvino is also Affiliate Faculty
Center for Gender in Organizations, Simmons College,
Boston, Massachusetts
www.simmons.edu/som/cgo
15
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NTL DWC Simultaneity