Adulthood and Old Age
Chapter Review
Which of the following does NOT
influence patterns of health and
disease in old age?




A.
B.
C.
D.
Health at younger age
Eating habits
Exercise
Physical strength
Answer:

D
Physical Strength
The goal of hospice care is to




A.
B.
C.
D.
Improve the quality of life
Prolong life.
Avoid the use of drugs
Cure the patient’s illness
Answer:

A
Improve the quality of life.
Brianna is at her physical peak.
She is most likely ___years old.




A.
B.
C.
D.
12-18
18-30
30-38
38-50
Answer:

B
18-30
List the stages of adjusting to
dying and death as defined by
Elizabeth Kubler-Ross.
Answer:





Denial
Anger
Bargaining
Depression
acceptance
Alberto believes that his function
in life is to help younger
generations by passing on his
acquired business wisdom. Erik
Erikson would say Alberto is
exhibiting




A.
B.
C.
D.
Despair
Stagnation
Generativity
Ego integrity
Answer:

C
generativity
A possible reaction to the
departure from home of a
woman’s last child.
Answer: Empty Nest
Syndrome
Study of dying and death.
Answer: Thanatology
Memory loss, forgetfulness,
disorientation, altered personality,
impaired attention.
Answer: Senile Dementia
Ability to use accumulated
knowledge in appropriate
situations.
Answer: Crystallized
Intelligence
Ability to generate new
hypotheses.
Answer: Fluid Intelligence
The idea that physical and mental
decline is inevitable with age.
Answer: Decremental model
of aging.
Elderly people have difficulty
retrieving information from
memory due to




A. Generativity
B. A decline in the nervous
system
C. A loss of fluid intelligence
D. A loss of crystallized
intelligence
Answer: B
A decline in the nervous system.
Predujice or discrimination against
the olderly is called this.
Answer: Ageism
Daniel Levinson described the
period in their life when men look
over the life choices they have
made as this.
Answer: The Age Thirty
Crisis.
During this stage, women stop
ovulating and menstruating and
their production of sex hormonoes
drops sharply.
Answer: Menopause
Sissy is struggling through the
second stage of dying. This can
best described as a stage of




A.
B.
C.
D.
Anger
Denial
Acceptance
bargaining
Answer: A Anger
Daniel Levinson’s theory
focused on




A.
B.
C.
D.
Adolescent males
Adult males
Elderly females
Middle-aged females
Wrinkles first appear in the
skin in
Answer: Middle Age
Williams and Johnson have found
that no physiological reason exists
for halting this activity.
Answer: Sexual Activity.
People may become shorter and
develop loose skin in this stage.
Answer: Old Age.
Which of the following is NOT one
of the three most common
causes of death in later
adulthood?
a. Cancer
b. Cirrhosis
c. Alzheimer’s disease
d. Heart disease

C; Alzheimers
Depression is most common
among which group?
a. Adolescent boys
b. Adolescent girls
c. Middle-aged men
d. Middle-aged women
D; middle-aged women
What did Erik Erikson call a
discontinuation of development
and desire to recapture the
past?
Stagnation!
A stage for women in which major
psychological and biological
changes occur.
Climateric
Elderly people who experience a
loss of control often develop
a. A fear of dying
b. A negative self-concept
c. Rigidity
d. Alzheimer’s disease
B; a negative self-concept
Which of the following is NOT a
major cause of death among the
elderly?
a. Cancer
b. Rheumatoid arthritis
c. Heart disease
d. strokes
B; rheumatoid arthritis
According to Levinson, what is the
BOOM phase?
Between the ages of 36 and 40 a
man learns to “make it” in the
adult world. Here there is a
distinctive BOOM phase,
“Becoming One’s Own Man”
Which of the following people
helped establish thanatology?
a. Erik Erikson
b. Jack Kervorkian
c. Elisabeth Kubler-Ross
d. Lou Gehrig
C; Elisabeth Kubler-Ross
Many Americans today have no
direct experience with death
because
a. People no longer go to funerals
in large numbers
b. Extended families insulate us
from death
c. People are afraid of dying
d. People tend to die in nursing
homes and hospitals.
D; people tend to die in nursing
homes and hospitals.
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Adulthood and Old Age Review