Adulthood and Old Age Chapter Review Which of the following does NOT influence patterns of health and disease in old age? A. B. C. D. Health at younger age Eating habits Exercise Physical strength Answer: D Physical Strength The goal of hospice care is to A. B. C. D. Improve the quality of life Prolong life. Avoid the use of drugs Cure the patient’s illness Answer: A Improve the quality of life. Brianna is at her physical peak. She is most likely ___years old. A. B. C. D. 12-18 18-30 30-38 38-50 Answer: B 18-30 List the stages of adjusting to dying and death as defined by Elizabeth Kubler-Ross. Answer: Denial Anger Bargaining Depression acceptance Alberto believes that his function in life is to help younger generations by passing on his acquired business wisdom. Erik Erikson would say Alberto is exhibiting A. B. C. D. Despair Stagnation Generativity Ego integrity Answer: C generativity A possible reaction to the departure from home of a woman’s last child. Answer: Empty Nest Syndrome Study of dying and death. Answer: Thanatology Memory loss, forgetfulness, disorientation, altered personality, impaired attention. Answer: Senile Dementia Ability to use accumulated knowledge in appropriate situations. Answer: Crystallized Intelligence Ability to generate new hypotheses. Answer: Fluid Intelligence The idea that physical and mental decline is inevitable with age. Answer: Decremental model of aging. Elderly people have difficulty retrieving information from memory due to A. Generativity B. A decline in the nervous system C. A loss of fluid intelligence D. A loss of crystallized intelligence Answer: B A decline in the nervous system. Predujice or discrimination against the olderly is called this. Answer: Ageism Daniel Levinson described the period in their life when men look over the life choices they have made as this. Answer: The Age Thirty Crisis. During this stage, women stop ovulating and menstruating and their production of sex hormonoes drops sharply. Answer: Menopause Sissy is struggling through the second stage of dying. This can best described as a stage of A. B. C. D. Anger Denial Acceptance bargaining Answer: A Anger Daniel Levinson’s theory focused on A. B. C. D. Adolescent males Adult males Elderly females Middle-aged females Wrinkles first appear in the skin in Answer: Middle Age Williams and Johnson have found that no physiological reason exists for halting this activity. Answer: Sexual Activity. People may become shorter and develop loose skin in this stage. Answer: Old Age. Which of the following is NOT one of the three most common causes of death in later adulthood? a. Cancer b. Cirrhosis c. Alzheimer’s disease d. Heart disease C; Alzheimers Depression is most common among which group? a. Adolescent boys b. Adolescent girls c. Middle-aged men d. Middle-aged women D; middle-aged women What did Erik Erikson call a discontinuation of development and desire to recapture the past? Stagnation! A stage for women in which major psychological and biological changes occur. Climateric Elderly people who experience a loss of control often develop a. A fear of dying b. A negative self-concept c. Rigidity d. Alzheimer’s disease B; a negative self-concept Which of the following is NOT a major cause of death among the elderly? a. Cancer b. Rheumatoid arthritis c. Heart disease d. strokes B; rheumatoid arthritis According to Levinson, what is the BOOM phase? Between the ages of 36 and 40 a man learns to “make it” in the adult world. Here there is a distinctive BOOM phase, “Becoming One’s Own Man” Which of the following people helped establish thanatology? a. Erik Erikson b. Jack Kervorkian c. Elisabeth Kubler-Ross d. Lou Gehrig C; Elisabeth Kubler-Ross Many Americans today have no direct experience with death because a. People no longer go to funerals in large numbers b. Extended families insulate us from death c. People are afraid of dying d. People tend to die in nursing homes and hospitals. D; people tend to die in nursing homes and hospitals.