Georgia during
World War I
SS8H7d
Give reasons for World War I and
describe Georgia’s contribution.
World War I was:
**Originally called the “Great War” due to the numerous
nations that fought and the great cost of lives and
property.
**Broke out in Europe in August 1914 between the Allied
Powers (Great Britain, France, and Russia) and the
Central Powers (Germany, Austrian-Hungary Empire,
and the Ottoman Empire)
**Over 9 million soldiers died as well as over 5 million
civilians died (22 million soldiers injured)
** United States remained neutral until April 1917 ( war
had already gone on for 20 months), then joined Allied
Powers
Causes of World War I
***Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand (heir to throne in
Austrian-Hungary Empire) in August 1914 by Serbian
nationalists-------- starts a chain of events that kead
to war
1.
System of Secret Treaties
2.
Competition between empires
a. Militarism
b. Imperialism
c. Nationalism
3. Smaller ethnic groups (Serbs, Poles, etc.) wishing selfdetermination
“Trench Warfare” was most common method of fighting
during war
Many new weapons of war used for first time during World
War I
United States’ Involvement during war
**United States declared the Neutrality Proclamation at
start of war (President Washington urged all future
presidents not to be involved in European wars!)
**U.S. claimed “freedom of the seas” meaning they can
trade with any warring nation
**Yet U.S. gets drawn into war:
1. German U-Boats sinking ships
2. Anti-German propaganda (German atrocities)
3. German spies attempt to sabotage U.S. factories
4. Zimmerman telegram (Germany ally with Mexico?)
**War
officially
ends on
November 11,
1918
(Armistice
Day)
**The
Central
Powers lose
land and
power
Georgia’s Contribution to World War I (SS8H7d)
Military Personnel from Georgia
Number who served:
Number who died:
Textile Mills
How they helped the war effort:
Railroads
How they helped the war effort:
Farms
How they helped the war effort:
Sewing circles
Bond Drives
How they helped the war effort:
How they helped the war effort:
Red Cross What is it?
How it helped the war effort:
Victory Gardens What were they:
How they helped the war effort:
War Bond Drives during World War I
Victory Gardens during World War I
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Important Locations in Georgia that helped the war
effort during WWI (SS8H7d)
Using the map key below, locate each military installation in its proper location, as well as the
textile mills and POW camps.
Shade the military location number (on the map) in yellow if it was utilized as a garrison; shade
the number orange if it was used as an airfield; shade it green if it was an arsenal or artillery
fort; and blue if it was a training camp!!
Military Installations:
Fort McPherson, Atlanta, garrison
Fort Oglethorpe, Chickamauga-Oglethorpe, garrison and administration
Fort Screven, Tybee Island, artillery fort
Augusta Army Arsenal, Augusta, arsenal
Camp Hancock, Augusta, airfield
Camp Gordon, Augusta, training camp
Camp Wheeler, Macon, training camp
Souther Field, Americus, airfield
Camp Jesup, Jesup, Transport Corp training camp
Camp Greenleaf, Chickamauga, Army Med Corp training camp
Camp Benning, Columbus, Infantry training camp
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Textile Mills :( Place the letter to the correct location on the map)
Columbus
West Point/LaGrange
Augusta
Macon
Atlanta
Dalton
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Prisoner of War Camp: POW#1 Fort Oglethorpe; POW#2 Fort McPherson
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