CLICK HERE FOR FINAL JEOPARDY Causes The President The New Deal Farming Debate $100 $100 $100 $100 $100 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $300 $300 $300 $300 $300 $400 $400 $400 $400 $400 $500 $500 $500 $500 $500 This date symbolizes the beginning of the Great Depression. What is October 29, 1929? $100 This government policy of leaving the economy alone, and not interfering with the laws of supply and demand, was a factor. What is “laissezfaire” ?? $200 People used this practice to buy stocks, only paying 10% down and owing the balance. What is buying “on margin”? $300 New technology was a factor because of this effect. What is it caused overproduction? (resulted in unemployment- machines took away jobs) $400 This is one example of how Europe was a contributing factor. What is they borrowed money they couldn’t pay back? $??? These shack-like homes were nicknamed after the president blamed for causing the Great Depression. What are “Hoovervilles? $100 This period was historic in that FDR was able to pass 15 bills to provide programs for the needy. What is the “Hundred Days”? $200 These were the three goals of FDR’s “New Deal”. What are relief, recovery and reform? $300 FDR lost some support when he proposed this change to the Supreme Court. What is changing the number of judges from 9 to 15? $400 FDR spent more on programs than the country took in each year with taxes. This practice is referred to by this term. What is deficit spending? $500 This program allowed the government to control many aspects of business. What is the NIRA? (National Industrial Recovery Act) $100 This program specifically provided electricity in rural areas. What is the REA? (Rural Electrification Administration) $200 This reform program insures people’s bank deposits, and it still exists today. What is the FDIC? (Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation) $300 Two aspects of this program are to provide for a worker’s retirement, and/or medical benefits. What is the SSA? (Social Security Act) $400 This program gave money to state and local agencies, letting them distribute it as needed. What is FERA? (Federal Emergency Relief Administration) $??? To boost farm prices, the government paid farmers to do this. What is destroy surplus crops? (creating a smaller supply and a larger demand) $100 Events in Europe affected farmers in this manner. What is causing a need (WWI) and then causing a surplus by starting to produce food on their own? $200 This classic novel portraying victims of the Dust Bowl was written by this author. What is The Grapes of Wrath written by John Steinbeck? $300 Victims of the Dustbowl lived largely in this region. What is the Great Plains states? $400 These four factors contributed to Dust Bowl conditions. What are new technology (overplowing), drought, high winds and overgrazing? $500 These two New Deal programs were found unconstitutional by the Supreme Court. What are the NIRA and the AAA? $100 This senator opposed FDR and proposed a plan to “Share Our Wealth”. Who is Huey Long? $200 This “radio priest” felt government should take more control. Who is Charles Coughlin? $300 They felt the New Deal interfered too much in the lives of Americans. Who are members of the Liberty League? $400 The TVA was controversial for this reason. What is the government was competing with private business? $500 PEOPLE This individual served as Secretary of Labor under FDR. Who is Frances Perkins?