Ch 29
 Quiz on WWI – Friday 3/11
 Midterm – Tues 3/15
 45a - identify the causes of World War I including Balkan
nationalism, entangling alliances, and militarism
 45b - describe the conditions of total war on the war front
for soldiers including the Battle of Verdun, and on the
home front of warring nations
 45c - explain the major decisions made in the Versailles
Treaty and other treaties including German reparations
and the mandate system that replaced Ottoman control
 45d - analyze the destabilization of Europe in the collapse
of the great empires including the Romanov and Hapsburg
dynasties
 What were the causes of WWI?
 How did WWI change the world?
 “The War to End All Wars”
 Famous alumni: Ernest Hemmingway, Humphrey Bogart,
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Walt Disney, Harry Truman …. And Adolph Hitler
230 soldiers killed per hour for 4.5 years straight!
58,000 British troops were killed in ONE DAY at the Battle
of the Somme
First use of guide dogs by blinded soldiers.
First use of chlorine & mustard gas.
First use of the flame thrower.
First tank battle.
First use of mass airplanes.
 Militarism
 policy of building up strong military forces to prepare for war
 Alliances
 agreements between nations to aid and protect one another
 Nationalism
 pride in or devotion to one’s country
 Imperialism
 when one country takes over another country economically
and/or politically
 Assassination
 murder of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand
“I want
one Slavic
state! Get
out of
Bosnia!”
“AHHHH
”
 Assassinated in Sarajevo by a Serbian National
 Reason:
 1908 – Austria-Hungary annexes Bosnia-Herzegovina
 Serbian leaders wanted to rule Bosnia-Herzegovina
 This is Serbian ________________.
 Serbians were OUTRAGED!
Causes of World War I - Assassination
Gavrilo Princip after his assassination of
Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
Black Hand - a secret society committed
to ridding Bosnia of Austrian rule.
Declares War
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Allied Powers:
Central Powers:
Germany
Great Britain
France
Austria-Hungary
World War I
Russia
Ottoman Empire
Italy
 Who were the Allies?
 Who were the Central powers?
 What assassination started the war?
 Where did it occur?
 “The men slept in mud, washed in mud, ate mud, and
dreamed mud.”
 One reason why casualties were so high in WWI
 Much of this occurred on France’s border on the
Western Front
 http://player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guid
AssetId=149E5FF0-1775-48B7-B1802ECCE5ECF5C4&blnFromSearch=1&productcode=US
 http://player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guid
AssetId=B43B7A94-5EFD-4667-A660542BCFD4462C&blnFromSearch=1&productcode=US
 What does M.A.N.I.A. stand for?
 What nations were in the Triple Alliance?
 What nations were in the Triple Entente?
 Who were the Allies?
 Who were the Central powers?
 What assassination started the war?
 Where did it occur?
 Why were causalities so high in WWI?
 On what country’s border did most of the fighting take
place?
 Countries devote ALL resources to the war effort
 Everyone works to win the war – even at home
 Propaganda – one-sided information designed to
persuade, to keep up morale and support for the war
 U.S. joins in 1917
 Russia pulls out because of problems at home –
Revolution on the horizon!
 Armistice (agreement to stop fighting) on November
11, 1918
ALLIED VICTORY!!!
What country ends
up getting the
worst of it?
League of
Nations
Territorial losses
Military
restrictions
War Guilt
International
organization
aimed at
preventing future
conflict
Germany returns
Alsace-Loraine
Germany – no
subs, no air force,
limits placed on
size of military
Germany takes
blame
Germany loses its
overseas colonies
Germany forced to
pay $33 billion in
war reparations
 Why were casualties so high in WWI?
 What is total war?
 Where did most of the trench fighting on the Western
front take place?
 What conditions were placed on Germany as a result of
the Treaty of Versailles?

WWI - Mr. Zittle`s Classroom