Chapter 12 Test Review
World War I
People, Places and Things
• Casualties
soldiers killed, wounded or missing
• Influenza
a viral illness
• Reparations
payment for war damages
• Creditor nation
a country that owes less money than they
People, Places and Things
• Western Front
section of the French border that was critical
to winning the war
• Lusitania
British passenger ship
• Selective Service Act
authorized military draft
• Espionage Act
Banned written material that included
negative things about the US government or
People, Places and Things
• John J. Pershing
commander of US forces during WWI
• George Creel
director of the Committee on Public
• Vladimir Lenin
radical communist leader who took over
Russia in March 1917
• Bernard Baruch
head of the war industries board
• What nations make up the Triple Alliance?
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy
• In 1916, the US was participating in
“preparedness”. What does this mean?
building up the U.S. military
• What was Herbert Hoover’s significance in
history during this time?
Responsible for agricultural polices of the
US during WWI
• What was the purpose of the Committee on
Public Information?
Give info to the public about the war to
help win their support for it
• Why did the Germans surrender in 1918?
Many soldiers were no longer willing to
• What was the purpose of convoys?
prevent submarine attacks on ships
• What was the purpose of the League of Nations?
an agreement between countries for defense
• Who were the two Italian anarchists who were
convicted and executed for murder even though
there was no evidence against them.
Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti
• Why did President Wilson want the US to remain
neutral prior to WWI?
Because the U.S. was so ethnically diverse, he
was worried it would cause violence in the
• What event made American public opinion turn
against Germany?
invasion of Belgium
• What was the immediate cause of the U.S. entry
into World War I?
the Zimmerman note
• What role would an internationalist think that
the US should play in WWI?
use its influence to try and end the war
• How did WWI impact the American economy?
it increased regulation
• Upon what right did the Sedition Act infringe?
Freedom of speech
• Why did the Great Migration occur?
During WWI, there was a demand for jobs
in the North so African Americans moved
there to get jobs and escape Jim Crow laws
• How many American troops served in combat
during WWI?
• How many Americans died in combat during
more than 50,000
• Where did American troops do most of their
on the Western Front
• What nation was the world’s economic leader
after WWI?
The United States baby!!
• What did Warren G. Harding promise to the
American people when he became president?
A return to “normalcy”-a simpler way of
• Why was the postwar period difficult for
Food prices decreased

Chapter 12 Test Review