How can we know how we got here- if we don’t
know where we’ve been? Chapter 5

1484
______ fables published by William Caxton

1697
Tales of ______ _____ retold by Charles Perrault

1744
A Pretty Little Pocketbook published by John
________

1835
Fairy Tales told for Children by Hans
________ _________

1865
Alice’s Adventure in Wonderland by _____ ______

1876
The Adventures of Tom Sawyer by ____ _____

1883
The Merry Adventures of _____ ____ of Great
Renown by Howard Pyle

1484
Aesop’s fables published by William Caxton

1697
Tales of Mother Goose retold by Charles Perrault

1744
A Pretty Little Pocketbook published by John
Newberry

1835
Fairy Tales told for Children by Hans
Christian Anderson

1865
Alice’s Adventure in Wonderland by Lewis Carroll

1876
The Adventures of Tom Sawyer by Mark

1883
The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood of Great
Renown by Howard Pyle
Twain

Children were treated like little ______

No child labor laws in England or America until early
____ century

1693- John Locke wrote “Some Thoughts concerning
Education” and urged for ______ ways of raising
children and books specifically for children

Mainly _______ families had books, especially for
children

Children were treated like little adults

No child labor laws in England or America until early
20th century

1693- John Locke wrote “Some Thoughts concerning
Education” and urged for gentler ways of raising
children and books specifically for children

Mainly wealthy families had books, especially for
children

The beginning of this century brought in some of the
influential, honest, and lasting children’s stories into print.

Grimms Brothers and Hans Christian Anderson wrote -
_____ _____ and _______.

Robert Louis Stevenson- poetry collection

Edward Lear- ________collection

Stories about contemporary life were very preachy and dull
until ______ _____ (1868) by Louisa May Alcott.



Illustrations became part of the children’s
books during this century.
________ _________ was the first illustrator
credited with showing action in his pictures.
Used color printing.





Children’s picture book firmly established in the
early 1900s.
Mainly in the UK: Peter Rabbit, Wizard of Oz,
Winnie the Pooh, Peter Pan
1928
Millions of Cats by Wanda Gagcredited as America’s first picture book.
1937
Dr. Seuss’s first book published: To
Think That I saw it on Mulberry Street.
1940s-1950s
◦ Series Books: Hardy Boys, Nancy Drew- publishers saw a
way to make money

1900

1902

1906

1922



1928
1938
for
1941
The W________ W_____ of __ by Frank
Baum
The Tale of _____ ______ by Beatrix
Potter
_____ ___ in Kensington Garden by JM
Barrie
John ________ Award established for
adolescent novels
Millions of Cats by Wanda Gag
Randolph _________ Medal established
children’s literature
Make Way for _________ by Robert
McCloskey

1900

1902

1906

1922



1928
1938
for
1941
The Wonderful Wizard of Oz by Frank
Baum
The Tale of Peter Rabbit by Beatrix
Potter
Peter Pan in Kensington Garden by JM
Barrie
John Newberry Award established for
adolescent novels
Millions of Cats by Wanda Gag
Randolph Caldecott Medal established
children’s literature
Make Way for Ducklings by Robert
McCloskey

Stable times in children’s literature

Plots were predictable

Upheld basic decency, societal norms and
restrained good fun- adult approved

More series books for children

1950

1952
1956

1957

The Lion, The Witch and The
Wardrobe by __ _____
Charlotte’s Web by __ _____
Hans Christian Anderson Award
established for _____________
recognition in children’s books.
The Cat in the Hat by __ _____

1950

1952
1956

1957

The Lion, The Witch and The
Wardrobe by CS Lewis
Charlotte’s Web by EB White
Hans Christian Anderson Award
established for international
recognition in children’s books.
The Cat in the Hat by Dr. Seuss





Social Revolution brought down restraints on
authors and illustrators to write about taboo
subjects such as death, divorce, abuse, and
alcoholism.
Where the Wild Things Are- boy venting his
anger at his parents through his fantasy
Harriet the Spy- child is neglected and needs
psychotherapy
Financial Boom brought an increase in sales
More diversity- first black protagonist in The
Snowy Day


1962
1963

1964
1964

1969

The _____ Day by Ezra Jack Keats
Where the ____ ______Are by
Maurice Sendak
Harriet the Spy by Fitzhugh
The Book of Three by Lloyd
Alexander
Coretta Scott King Award established
to recognize a Black
author/illustrator


1962
1963

1964
1964

1969

The Snowy Day by Ezra Jack Keats
Where the Wild Things Are by
Maurice Sendak
Harriet the Spy by Fitzhugh
The Book of Three by Lloyd
Alexander
Coretta Scott King Award established
to recognize a Black
author/illustrator








Continue expanding new realism of 1960s
Books dealing with sexuality- Judy Blume
New perspectives offered in historical novels
More minority authors and illustrators
More emphasis on multi-cultural literature
Consumer based and consumer gimmickstouch/feel, pop-up- more for bookstores
than libraries (less federal money at this time)
More non-fiction books
Expanded illustrations such as photography

1970

1972

1974

1976
Are you There God? It’s Me,
Margaret by Judy Blume
Push, Pull; Empty, Full: A Book of
Opposites by Tana Hoban
My Brother Sam is Dead by Lincoln
and Collier
Why Mosquitos Buzz in People’s Ears
by Aardema (illustrated by Leo and
Diane Dillon)








Revolution in printing leads to better quality
illustrations
Illustrations become even more important to the
picture book
Teachers embraced a trade book literature based
reading program (before FCAT)
Poetry on the increase
Books with minority characters increase
Establishment of the Pura Belpre Award established to
recognize Hispanic authors and illustrators
Publishing conglomerates turn children’s literature
into big business/ movie making/ games
In-school marketing with Trumpet, Scholastic and
Troll







The Polar ______ by Chris Van Allsburg
Where’s _____ by Martin Hanford
Anamalia by Graham Base
Berenstain Bears by Jan and Stan Berenstain
Amelia _______ by Peggy Parish
Mercer Mayer (Little Critter series)
If You Give a Mouse a Cookie by Laura
Numeroff







The Polar Express by Chris Van Allsburg
Where’s Waldo by Martin Hanford
Anamalia by Graham Base
Berenstain Bears by Jan and Stan Berenstain
Amelia Bedelia by Peggy Parish
Mercer Mayer (Little Critter series)
If You Give a Mouse a Cookie by Laura
Numeroff







Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone by JK
Rowlings (1998)
Rainbow Fish by Marcus Pfister
Goosebump series by RL Stine
Barney stories
Oh The Places You’ll Go by Dr. Seuss
Arthur Goes to School by Marc Brown
Thomas and the Freight Train by Rev. Awdry





Harry Potter books are the first to appear on
the Children’s and Adult’s Best Seller Lists at
the same time.
Huge increase in the amount of book
published each year.
Revived old titles from the 30s, 40s, and 50s
Political correctness can strengthen and
weaken a book- can be preachy and
unrealistic (p. 53)
Celebrity author picture books published





Harry Potter series- highest sales ever!!
Revived the fantasy genre.
Magic Treehouse series
Junie B Jones series
All the Caldecott Winners and Honors sell
well.
You’ll find out more when you take a trip to
the bookstore!

History and Trends 2013