Imperialized Nigeria KATEY GOLDSTROHM BLOCK 3 10/29/10 Imperialist Country Great Britain An island Northwest of Continental Europe Ireland located to the west First arrived in Nigeria in 1539 Queen Victoria as leader Frederick Lugard – chosen governor (1900) 36,686,000 people http://www.giervalk.bravepages.com/GreatBritain/Great-Britain-Map-1.jpg Imperialized Nation Nigeria In West Africa; Chad & Cameroon in east, Niger to the north, and coast on Gulf of Guinea Claimed as British colony in 1914 Sir George Taubman Goldie as leader (1900) 16,000,000 people Map of Africa, 1914 http://www.compuhigh.com/demo/worldhist/lesson10.html Why Nigeria? British had thirst for raw materials in Africa Abundant resources = industrial growth Tin, cotton, cocoa, groundnuts, palm oil Wanted to secure oil and http://www.refugees.org/uploadedImages/Investigate/Publications_and_Arc hives/World_Refugee_Survey/Maps/Nigeria.jpg ivory trade to gain coastal power Aimed for economic and political control Nigeria was key to imperialistic expansion Why Nigeria? Political & Social Economic & Geopolitical British sought to Wanted to establish forts overtake Nigerian military Could go through diplomatic figures to gain power Wanted to bring European influence Nigeria was a mix of various tribes, languages, traditions and trading ports off coast Competing for trade and bigger empire in Atlantic Saw new markets in Africa as great opportunity Intended to draw borders of land and gain Niger River Delta Major trading port for chief export palm oil Geopolitics of Nigeria Nigerian land was easy to acquire for British Some rulers signed treaties of protection with Britain and accepted residents Those who rebelled were defeated by military Royal Niger Company gained control of palm oil trade Berlin Conference granted protectorate of Niger River delta http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_DeabNDTNx68/SVPr7EKXy6I/AAA AAAAAAlY/162HX8mmP-4/s1600/NigerDelta.gif Imperializing Nigeria Great Britain took over Nigerian military forces and negotiated with diplomats to create treaty of protection 2. 1885 Royal Niger Company formed under Sir George Taubman Goldie; aimed to add Niger River to British Empire 3. 1901 Nigeria declared British protectorate 1. Sir George Taubman Goldie http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b8/ Sir_George_Dashwood_Taubman_Goldie_by_Sir_Hubert_von _Herkomer.jpg/220pxSir_George_Dashwood_Taubman_Goldie_by_Sir_Hubert_von _Herkomer.jpg Resistance Efforts Some Nigerians opposed British interference Africans as a whole tried combining military forces British Conquest of Benin (1897) Completed British occupation of Southwest Nigeria Massacre of British consul and his party sparked incident Anglo-Aro War (1901) Began after increased tension between Aro leaders and British colonists “His chances of effective resistance have been steadily dwindling…Thus the African is really helpless against the material gods of the white man, as embodied in the trinity of imperialism, capitalistic exploitation, and militarism.” – Edward Morel, The Black Man’s Burden Results of Imperialism Geopolitical Economic 1901 Nigeria became Trade with Britain British protectorate 1914 Claimed as a British colony Divided into 2 provinces – Northern and Southern Nigeria Economy and education excelled in south more so than north turned out uneven Nigeria exported valuable resources to benefit British Remained wealthy in natural resources Economy weakened Results of Imperialism Political Social Utilized strong military Nigerians adapted to style of government Colonized through this method British missionaries worked with/against Nigerians along coast British customs British education system English language Christianity Improvement of transportation and technology Separation of tribes Freedom for some slaves Bibliography Anderson, Becky. "Imperialism in Africa: Britain." Chico Unified School District - CUSD Main - CUSD Homepage - CUSD Homepage. 1997. Web. 18 Oct. 2010. <http://www.cusd.chico.k12.ca.us/~bsilva/projects/imperialism/anderson.htm>. Black, Linda, Larry S. Krieger, and Phillip C. Naylor. "Imperialism." Modern World History. By Roger B. Beck. Evanston: McDougal Littell, 2009. 779-84. Print. "Britain Benin Conquest 1897." OnWar.com - Wars, Military History, International Relations. Web. 25 Oct. 2010. <http://www.onwar.com/aced/nation/uni/uk/18/fbenin1897.htm>. "Imperialism Case Study: Nigeria - CDA's World History Wiki." Welcome to CDA's World History Wiki Updates - CDA's World History Wiki. Web. 19 Oct. 2010. <http://cdaworldhistory.wikidot.com/imperialism-case-study:nigeria>. "Nigeria - THE COLONIAL ECONOMIC LEGACY." Country Studies. Web. 18 Oct. 2010. <http://countrystudies.us/nigeria/53.htm>. "Nigeria: Extension of British Control." Library of Congress Country Studies. June 1991. Web. 19 Oct. 2010. <http://memory.loc.gov/cgibin/query/r?frd/cstdy:@field(DOCID+ng0028)>. Williams, Richard. "British Imperialism and Its Influence on Politics in Nigeria." Associated Content - Associatedcontent.com. 12 Jan. 2009. Web. 19 Oct. 2010. <http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/1364260/british_imperialism_and_ its_influence.html>.