Chapter 5 On-line Study Guide
World History: Enlightenment
Mr. Hearty & Mr. Bellisario
PEOPLE
Theory of Natural Human
“The first man who had fenced in a piece of land, said "This
is mine," and found people naïve enough to believe him, that
man was the true founder of civil society. From how many
crimes, wars, and murders, from how many horrors and
misfortunes might not any one have saved mankind, by
pulling up the stakes, or filling up the ditch, and crying to his
fellows: Beware of listening to this impostor; you are undone
if you once forget that the fruits of the earth belong to us all,
and the earth itself to nobody.”
— Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Discourse on Inequality, 1754
PEOPLE
1. Who wrote that
people have a
natural right to
overthrow a
government that
violates their rights.
• Voltaire
• John Locke
• Adam Smith
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PEOPLE
2. This economist
argued for a free
market in which
businesses could
operate with few
government rules.
• Voltaire
• John Locke
• Adam Smith
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PEOPLE
3. French enlightenment
writer who defended
freedom of speech
and was later exiled.
• Voltaire
• John Locke
• Adam Smith
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PEOPLE
4. Author of the
pamphlet, Common
Sense
• Jean-Jacques
Rousseau
• Thomas Paine
• Mary Wollstonecraft
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PEOPLE
5. This British writer
believed once women
are educated, they
should be allowed to
participate in
government.
• Jean-Jacques
Rousseau
• Thomas Paine
• Mary Wollstonecraft
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PEOPLE
6. In her book, A
Vindication of the
Rights of Woman,
Mary Wollstonecraft
argued that women
and men should have
equal…
• Property Rights.
• Voting Rights.
• Education.
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PEOPLE
7. Believed people were
naturally good, but
corrupted because of
unequal wealth.
• Jean-Jacques
Rousseau
• Thomas Paine
• Mary Wollstonecraft
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PEOPLE
8. Composed religious
works for organ and
choir
• Ludwig van
Beethoven
• Johann Sebastian
Bach
• Amadeus Mozart
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PEOPLE
9. What idea of Baron
de Montesquieu
influenced the United
States Constitution?
• Separation of powers
• Freedom of press
• Federal Republic
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GROUPS
GROUPS
10. A group of rulers
who accepted
Enlightenment ideas
and brought about
reforms to their
nations.
• Absolute Monarchs
• Enlightened Senators
• Enlightened Despots
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GROUPS
11. Which statement best
describes enlightenment
despots of the 1700s?
• They allowed elected
assemblies to rule their
lands.
• They allowed their
subjects to sign social
contracts.
• They kept absolute power
for themselves.
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GROUPS
12. A group of thinkers
who focused on
economic reforms.
• Mercanocrats
• Physiocrats
• Turgotcrats
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GROUPS
13. How did the French and
Indian War lead to
colonists’ dissatisfaction
• The British defeat led to
greater French influence
in America.
• Colonist had to pay
higher taxes for the war.
• Ways of life in the
Northern and Southern
colonies began to differ.
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EVENTS & PLACES
EVENTS & PLACES
14. A gathering where
people could
exchange ideas
during the
Enlightenment
• Ingot
• Tavern
• Salon
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EVENTS & PLACES
15. This document
outlined colonists
grievances against
England?
• Declaration of the
Rights of man
• Declaration of
Independence
• Bill of Rights
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EVENTS & PLACES
16. The Battle of Saratoga marked a turning point in the
American Revolution because…
• It was the first American defeat in the war.
• It caused the British to sign the Treaty of Paris
• The American victory convinced France to support the
Revolution.
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GENERAL TERMS
GENERAL TERMS
17. Allowing business to
operate with little
government
interference?
• Laissez Passer
• Laissez-Faire
• Detestable principe
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GENERAL TERMS
18. Rules discovered by
the use of reason?
• Natural Law
• Common Law
• General Law
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GENERAL TERMS
19. An agreement
where people give up
their natural state of
an organized society
• Social Contract
• Contract with
Democracy
• Common Contract
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GENERAL TERMS
20. An idea that
government power
comes from the
people.
• Monarchy Manifesto
• Popular Sovereignty
• Cannon Law
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GENERAL TERMS
21. A type of
government created
by the Constitution.
• Federal Republic
• Absolute Monarchy
• Theocracy
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GENERAL TERMS
22. A grand and complex artistic style during Louis XIV’s
rule.
• Sachs
• Baroque
• Expressionist
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GENERAL TERMS
23. An act of restricting
people from hearing
or reading about new
ideas or new
information.
• Freedom of speech
• Sovereignty
• Censorship
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GENERAL TERMS
24. How did the Scientific
Revolution lead to the
Enlightenment?
• It encouraged people to
use reason to try to
understand social,
political, and economic
issues.
• It gave monarchs more
power.
• It extended the natural
rights of European
citizens.
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GENERAL TERMS
25. Influential opponents of the
Enlightenment included…
• The Philosophes
• Defoe and Haydn
• Church Authorities
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questions.
EXTENDED RESPONSE
EXTENDED RESPONSE #1
Compare and contrast
Thomas Hobbes and
John Locke?
(MUST USE CHART)
EXTENDED RESPONSE #1
Create a chart that looks like this
• Write the comparisons of Hobbes and Locke in the “Common Ideas”
column.
• Write the contrasting ideas in the Hobbes and Locke columns.
EXTENDED RESPONSE #2
Compare and contrast
Voltaire and Mary
Wollstonecraft?
(MUST USE VENNDIAGRAM)
EXTENDED RESPONSE #2
Create a venn-diagram that looks like this
• Write the comparisons of Wollstronecraft and Voltaire in the middle,
half circle areas.
• Write the contrasting ideas in the Wollstronecraft and Voltaire in the
outside half circle areas.
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questions
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World History Chapter 5 On-line Study Guide