RESPIRATORY SYSTEM TERMINOLOGY
Worksheet
Term
Write the meaning of each term in the spaces provided below
Meaning
ox/o ox/i hypoxemia
hypoxia, anoxia
oximeter
oximetry
oxyhemoglobin
-capnia
oxia oxygen
carbon dioxide
acapnia
hypercapnia
hypocapnia
-pnea
breathing
apnea
bradypnea
dyspnea
eupnea
hyperpnea
hypopnea
orthopnea
tachypnea
nas/o
Nose
nasitis
nasology
nasopharyngitis
nasoscope
rhin/o
nose
rhinitis
rhinocheiloplasty
rhinomycosis
rhinoplasty
rhinorrhagia
rhinorrhea
rhinostenosis
rhinovirus
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muc/o
mucus
mucopurulent
mucous
mucus
sinus/o
sinus
paranasal sinuses
sinusitis
sinusotomy
pharyng/o
pharynx
laryngopharynx
nasopharynx
oropharynx
pharyngalgia
pharyngectomy
pharyngitis
pharyngomycosis
pharyngopathy
pharyngoplasty
pharyngorrhea
pharyngoscope
pharyngotomy
pharyngoxerosis
tonsill/o
tonsil
tonsillectomy
tonsillitis
tonsillotome
adenoid/o
adenoids (adeno=gland, oids=like/resembling)
adenoid hypertrophy
adenoidectomy
adenoiditis
adenotome
laryng/
larynx (voice box)
laryngalgia
laryngectomee
laryngectomy
laryngitis
laryngocentesis
laryngomalacia
laryngopathy
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laryngoplasty
laryngoplegia
laryngoscope
laryngoscopy
laryngospasm
laryngostenosis
laryngoxerosis
-phonia or voice
aphonia
dysphonia
epiglott/o
epiglottid/o
epiglottitis
epiglottidectomy
trache/o
pertaining to sound
epiglottis
trachea
endotracheal
intubation
tracheitis
tracheoplasty
tracheostenosis
tracheostoma
tracheostomy
tracheotomy
bronch/i bronch/o
bronchiol/o
bronchiectasis
bronchiostenosis
bronchitis
bronchodilator
bronchoedema
bronchogenic
carcinoma
bronchomycosis
bronchopathy
bronchoplasty
bronchopneumonia
bronchorrhagia
bronchorrhea
bronchoscope
bronchoscopy
bronchospasm
bronchotomy
bronchi/bronchiole
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alveol/o
alveoli (air sacs in the lungs)
alveolitis
pulmon/o
lung
pulmonectomy
pneum/o pneumat/o
pneumon/o
pneumatic
pneumohemothorax
pneumomalacia
pneumonectomy
pneumonia
pneumometer
thorac/o
lung, air
thorax (chest)
thoracalgia
thoracocentesis /
thoracentesis
thoracodynia
thoracotomy
-thorax
chest
hemothorax
hydrothorax
pneumothorax
pyothorax
pleur/o
pleura
pleurocentesis
pleuropexy
pleuralgia
pleurisy
lob/o
lobe
lobectomy
lobitis
atel/-
imperfect
atelectasis
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diaphragmat/o
diaphragm/o
diaphragmatic
phren/
phrenic nerve
phrenoplegia
Phrenospasm
spir/o
diaphragm (partition)
diaphragm
breathe
spirometer
spirometry
spirograph
spirogram
Related Respiratory Terminology and Diseases
ABG's
adenoids
apex
ARDS
asbestosis
asphyxia
aspirate
asthma
atelectasis
bronchiectasis
bronchioles
carina
Cheyne-Stokes
chronic bronchitis
cleft palate
COPD
cough
cricoid cartilage
croup
cyanosis
cystic fibrosis
diaphragm
diphtheria
emphysema
epiglottis
epistaxis
expiration
FEV1
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FVC
glottis
Heimlich maneuver
hiccup
hilum
hilus
hyaline membrane
disease
influenza
inspiration
IRV
Kussmaul's
Legionnaires'Disease
palatine tonsils
palliative
parietal pleura
patent rales
PCP
pertussis
pleurisy
pneumonia
pneumothorax
postural drainage
purulent
respiration
rhonchi
RV
snoring
stridor
surfactant
thyroid cartilage
tuberculosis
TLC
uvula
Vagus nerve
Valsalva maneuver
VC
Visceral pleura
VT
yawn
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RESPIRATORY SYSTEM TERMINOLOGY
Key
Term
Meaning
ox/o ox/i -
oxia oxygen
hypoxemia
hypoxia, anoxia
oximeter
oximetry
oxyhemoglobin
-capnia
Insufficient oxygenation of the blood
Oxygen deficiency
An electronic device for determining the oxygen concentration in
arterial blood
Use of oximeter to check oxygen saturation of blood
Combined form of hemoglobin and oxygen (found in arterial
blood)
carbon dioxide
acapnia
hypercapnia
hypocapnia
-pnea
Absence of carbon dioxide
Increased amount of carbon dioxide in the blood
Decreased amount of carbon dioxide in the blood
breathing
apnea
bradypnea
dyspnea
eupnea
hyperpnea
hypopnea
orthopnea
tachypnea
nas/o
Without breath
Slow breathing
Difficulty breathing
Normal breathing
Increased respiratory rate of breathing
Decreased respiratory rate of breathing
Labored breathing while lying flat
Rapid breathing
nose
nasitis
nasology
nasopharyngitis
nasoscope
rhin/o
Inflammation of the nose
Study of the nose
Inflammation of the nasopharynx
Instrument for examination of the nasal cavity
nose
rhinitis
rhinocheiloplasty
rhinomycosis
rhinoplasty
rhinorrhagia
rhinorrhea
rhinostenosis
Inflammation of the nasal mucosa
Plastic surgery of nose and upper lip
Fungi in the mucus membrane of the nose
Repair of the nose
Epistaxis (bleeding of the nose)
Thin watery discharge from the nose
Obstruction of the nasal passages
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rhinovirus
muc/o
Virus that caused the common cold
mucus
mucopurulent
mucous
mucus
Mucus and pus
Having the nature of or resembling mucous; secreting mucus
Viscid fluid secreted
sinus/o
sinus
paranasal sinuses
sinusitis
sinusotomy
pharyng/o
Assessor nasal sinuses
Inflammation of a sinus
The incising of a sinus
laryngopharynx
nasopharynx
oropharynx
pharyngomycosis
pharyngopathy
pharyngoplasty
pharyngorrhea
pharyngoscope
pharyngotomy
pharyngoxerosis
tonsill/o
The lower part of the pharynx
The part of the pharynx situated above the soft palate
The central portion of the pharynx lying in the middle of the soft
palate
Pain in the pharynx
Partial excision of the pharynx to remove growths
Inflammation of the mucous membranes and lymphoid tissues of
pharynx
Disease of the pharynx caused by fungi
Any disorder of the pharynx
Reparative surgery of the pharynx
Discharge of mucous from the pharynx
An instrument for visual examination of the pharynx
Incision of the pharynx
Dryness of the pharynx
tonsil
tonsillectomy
tonsillitis
tonsillotome
adenoid/o
Incision of the tonsils
Inflammation of a tonsil or tonsils
A surgical instrument used in tonsillectomy
adenoids (adeno=gland, oids=like/resembling)
adenoid hypertrophy
adenoidectomy
adenoiditis
adenotome
laryng/
Enlargement of the pharyngeal tonsil
Excision of the adenoids
Inflammation of adenoid tissue
Device for excising a gland
larynx (voice box)
laryngalgia
laryngectomee
laryngectomy
laryngitis
laryngocentesis
Laryngeal pain
An individual whose larynx has been removed
Removal of part of the larynx
Inflammation of larynx
Incision/puncture of larynx
pharynx
pharyngalgia
pharyngectomy
pharyngitis
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laryngomalacia
laryngopathy
laryngoplasty
laryngoplegia
laryngoscope
laryngoscopy
laryngospasm
laryngostenosis
laryngoxerosis
-phonia or voice
Softening of the tissue of the larynx
Any disease of the larynx
Plastic reparative surgery of larynx
Paralysis of laryngeal muscles
Instrument consisting a blade and light to examine larynx
Visual examination of interior larynx
Spasm of larynx muscles
Structure of the larynx
Abnormal dryness of larynx
pertaining to sound
aphonia
aysphonia
epiglott/o
epiglottid/o
epiglottitis
epiglottidectomy
trache/o
Loss of speech
Difficulty speaking: hoarse
endotracheal
intubation
tracheitis
tracheoplasty
tracheostenosis
tracheostoma
tracheostomy
Placement of a tube through the mouth into the pharynx larynx
and the trachea to establish an airway
Inflammation of trachea
Surgical repair of the trachea
Constriction or narrowing of the lumen of the trachea
Opening into the trachea via the neck
The surgical opening of the trachea to provide and secure and
open airway
The surgical opening of the trachea to provide and secure an
open airway
bronchi/bronchiole
tracheotomy
bronch/i bronch/o
bronchiol/o
bronchiectasis
bronchiostenosis
bronchitis
bronchodilator
bronchoedema
bronchogenic
carcinoma
bronchomycosis
bronchopathy
bronchoplasty
bronchopneumonia
bronchorrhagia
bronchorrhea
bronchoscope
epiglottis
Inflammation of the epiglottis
Excision of the epiglottis
trachea
Chronic dilation of bronchus or bronchi
Narrowing of bronchial tubes
Inflammation of the mucous membranes of the bronchial airways
A drug that expands the bronchi by releasing bronchial muscles
Edematous swelling of the mucous of the bronchial tubes
Cancer in bronchus
Any fungal infection of the bronchi or bronchial tubes
Any pathetical condition involving the bronchi or bronchioles
Surgical repair of bronchial defect
A type of pneumonia marked by scattered consolidation
A bronchial hemorrhage
An abnormal secretion from the bronchial mucous membranes
An endoscope designed to pass through the trachea for visual
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bronchotomy
alveol/o
inspection
Examination of the bronchi through a bronchoscope
An abnormal narrowing with partial obstruction of lumen of the
bronchi
Surgical incision of a bronchus, larynx, or trachea
alveoli (air sacs in the lungs)
alveolitis
Inflammation of the alveoli
bronchoscopy
bronchospasm
pulmon/o
lung
pulmonectomy
Removal of all or part of the lung’s tissue
pneum/o pneumat/o
pneumon/o
pneumatic
pneumohemothorax
pneumomalacia
pneumonectomy
pneumonia
pneumometer
thorac/o
lung, air
Concertning gas or air
Gas or air and blood collected in the pleural cavity
Abnormal softening of lungs
Excision of the lung
Inflammation of the lungs
Instrument for measuring the volume of air moved in and out of
the lungs during respiration
thorax (chest)
thoracalgia
thoracocentesis/
thoracentesis
thoracodynia
thoracotomy
-thorax
Thoracic pain
Surgical puncture of chest wall to remove fluids
hemothorax
hydrothorax
Pneumothorax
Pyothorax
pleur/o
Blood or bloody fluid in the pleural cavity
Noninflammatory collection of fluid in the pleural cavity
Air or gas in pleural cavity
Pus in the pleural cavity
pleura
pleurocentesis
pleuropexy
pleuralgia
pleurisy
lob/o
thoracentesis
fixation of the pleura
Pain in pleura or on the side
Inflammation of the pleura
lobectomy
lobitis
Surgical removal of a lobe of any organ or gland
Inflammation of the lobe
Pain in the thorax
Surgical incision of the chest wall
chest
lobe
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atel/atelectasis
diaphragmat/o
diaphragm/o
diaphragmatic
phren/
imperfect
Collapsed or airless condition of the lungs
diaphragm (partition)
Pertaining to the diaphragm
diaphragm
phrenic nerve
phrenoplegia
phrenospasm
spir/o
Nerve passing through the diaphragm
Pain in the diaphragm
Spasm of the diaphragm
breathe
spirometer
spirometry
spirograph
spirogram
An apparatus used to measure lung volumes and airflow
Measurement of air flow and lung volumes
Graphic record of respiratory movements
Record made by spirograph
Related Respiratory Terminology and Diseases:
ABG's
adenoids
apex
ARDS
asbestosis
asphyxia
aspirate
asthma
atelectasis
bronchiectasis
bronchioles
carina
Cheyne-Stokes
chronic bronchitis
cleft palate
COPD
cough
cricoid cartilage
croup
Arterial blood gas
Pharyngeal tonsils
Tip of uppermost portion if the lung
Acute respiratory distress syndrome
Asbestos particles accumulated in the lungs
Condition caused by insufficient intake of oxygen
To draw in or out by suction
Disease caused by increase responsiveness of the trachea
bronchia to various stimuli
Collapsed lung
Chronic dilation of a bronchus secondary to infection
The smallest divisions of the bronchial tubes
A structure a projecting central ridge
Breathing pattern marled by a period of apnea lasting 10 to 60
sec.
Inflammation of bronchi persisting over a long time
Divided roof of the mouth
Chronis Obstructive Pulmonary disease
Forceful and sometimes violent expiratory effort
C-shaped rings of cartilage separated by fibrous connected tissue
Active viral infection of infants and children with barking cough
and stridor
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cyanosis
cystic fibrosis
Blue, gray, slate or dark purple discoloration of the skin
C F; inherited disorder of exocrine glands resulting in thick mucus
secretions in the respiratory tract that do not drain normally
Muscle separating the chest and abdomen
An acute infection of the upper respiratory tract
Chronic pulmonary disease; loss of the normal elastic properties
of the lung; pathological distention of interstitial tissue by gas or air
Lid-like piece of cartilage that covers the larynx during swallowing
Hemorrhage from the nose
Expulsion of air from the lungs in breathing
Forced expiratory volume in the first second of respiration
Forced tidal capacity; amount of gas that can be forcibly and
rapidly exhaled after a full inspiration
Slit-like opening to the larynx
Artificial cough
Spasmodic periodic closure of the glottis
Midline region of the lung where the bronchi, blood vessels, &
nerves enter/exit lungs
Hilum
Respiratory distress syndrome of the new born
diaphragm
diphtheria
emphysema
epiglottis
epistaxis
expiration
FEV1
FVC
glottis
Heimlich maneuver
hiccup
hilum
hilus
hyaline membrane
disease
influenza
inspiration
IRV
Kussmaul's
Legionnaires' Disease
Palatine tonsils
palliative
parietal pleura
patent rales
PCP
pertussis
pleurisy
pneumonia
pneumothorax
postural drainage
purulent
respiration
rhonchi
An acute contagious respiratory infection
Drawing air into lungs
Inspiratory reserve volume
Very deep gasping type respiration associated with diabetic
acidosis and coma
A severe/ fatal disease characterized by pneumonia
In the oropharynx, two hundred masses of lymphatic tissue
Relieving symptoms, but no curing of the disease
Outer fold of pleura lying closer to the lung tissue
Cracking sound heard on auscultation
Pneumocystic carinii pneumonia; a type of pneumonia seen in
AIDS patients
Whooping cough, highly contagious
Inflammation of the pleura
Acute inflammation and infection of alveoli
Collection of air in the pleural space
Passive airway clearance technique
Containing pus
The interchange of gases between an organism & medium in
which lives
Wheezing, snoring, or squeaking sound heard during
auscultation
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RV
snoring
stridor
surfactant
thyroid cartilage
tuberculosis
TLC
uvula
Vagus nerve
Valsalva maneuver
VC
visceral pleura
VT
yawn
Residual volume; amount of air remaining in lungs at the end
of maximal expiration
Noise produced while breathing through the mouth during sleep
High pitched harsh sound occurring during inspiration
A lipoprotein secreted by alveolar cells, helps keep alveoli from
collapsing; surface active agent that lowers surface tension
Principal cartilage of the larynx
Infectious disease caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis
Total lung capacity
Free edge of the soft palate that hangs at the back of the throat
10th cranial nerve, has branches to many organs
An attempt to forcibly exhale the glottis, nose, and mouth closed
Vital capacity; equals inspiratory reserve volume plus expiratory
reserve volume plus tidal volume
Inner fold of pleura lying closer to the lung tissue
Tidal volume; amount of air inhaled and exhaled during a normal
ventilation
Opening the mouth widely and involuntarily to take a deep
breath
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RESPIRATORY SYSTEM TERMINOLOGY Worksheet