2017-07-30T14:53:16+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Superinfection, Neuraminidase, Integrase, Antigenic drift, Antigenic shift, Vaccine, Coinfection, Oncovirus, Satellite (biology), B type inclusion, Virology Journal, Viral transformation, Viral matrix protein, Global Virus Network, Social history of viruses, Nomenclature codes, Introduction to viruses flashcards Virology
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  • Superinfection
    A superinfection is generally defined as a second infection superimposed on an earlier one, especially by a different microbial agent of exogenous or endogenous origin, that is resistant to the treatment being used against the first infection.
  • Neuraminidase
    Neuraminidase enzymes are glycoside hydrolase enzymes (EC that cleave the glycosidic linkages of neuraminic acids.
  • Integrase
    Retroviral integrase (IN) is an enzyme produced by a retrovirus (such as HIV) that enables its genetic material to be integrated into the DNA of the infected cell.
  • Antigenic drift
    Antigenic drift is a mechanism for variation in viruses that involves the accumulation of mutations within the genes that code for antibody-binding sites.
  • Antigenic shift
    Antigenic shift is the process by which two or more different strains of a virus, or strains of two or more different viruses, combine to form a new subtype having a mixture of the surface antigens of the two or more original strains.
  • Vaccine
    A vaccine is a biological preparation that provides active acquired immunity to a particular disease.
  • Coinfection
    In parasitology, coinfection /ˌkoʊɪnˈfɛkʃən/ is the simultaneous infection of a host by multiple pathogen species.
  • Oncovirus
    An oncovirus is a virus that can cause cancer.
  • Satellite (biology)
    A satellite is a subviral agent composed of nucleic acid that depends on the co-infection of a host cell with a helper or master virus for its replication.
  • B type inclusion
    B-type inclusions, formerly known as Guarnieri bodies /ɡwɑːrˈnjɛri/ are cellular features found upon microscopic inspection of epithelial cells of individuals suspected of having poxvirus (e.g. smallpox or vaccinia).
  • Virology Journal
    Virology Journal is an open-access peer-reviewed medical journal published by BioMed Central.
  • Viral transformation
    Viral transformation can occur both naturally and medically.
  • Viral matrix protein
    Structural proteins linking the viral envelope with the virus core.
  • Global Virus Network
    The Global Virus Network (GVN) is an international coalition of medical virologists founded in 2011, and covering 24 countries in 2015.
  • Social history of viruses
    The social history of viruses describes the influence of viruses and viral infections on human history.
  • Nomenclature codes
    Nomenclature codes or codes of nomenclature are the various rulebooks that govern biological taxonomic nomenclature, each in their own broad field of organisms.
  • Introduction to viruses
    (This article is a non-technical introduction to the subject. For the main encyclopedia article, see Virus.) A virus is a biological agent that reproduces inside the cells of living hosts.