Traumatology

2017-07-27T19:13:16+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Pressure ulcer, Joint dislocation, Wound, Flail chest, Traumatic asphyxia, Whiplash (medicine), Facet syndrome, Salter–Harris fracture, Surgical suture, Polytrauma, Osseointegration, Cauda equina syndrome, Stab wound, Blast injury, Crush injury, Railway spine, Liver injury, Blunt trauma, Geriatric trauma, Olecranon fracture, Pediatric trauma, Outline of trauma & orthopedics, Major trauma, Spinal cord injury, Penetrating trauma, Index of trauma & orthopaedics articles, Thermal trauma, Stress fracture, Splenic injury, Superior canal dehiscence, Traumatic aortic rupture, Strain (injury), Pancreatic injury, Wound contracture, Thoracic aorta injury, Sports-related traumatic brain injury, Anterior cruciate ligament injury flashcards Traumatology
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  • Pressure ulcer
    Pressure ulcers, also known as pressure sores, bedsores and decubitus ulcers, are localized injuries to the skin and/or underlying tissue that usually occur over a bony prominence as a result of pressure, or pressure in combination with shear and/or friction.
  • Joint dislocation
    A joint dislocation, also called luxation, occurs when there is an abnormal separation in the joint, where two or more bones meet.
  • Wound
    A wound is a type of injury which happens relatively quickly in which skin is torn, cut, or punctured (an open wound), or where blunt force trauma causes a contusion (a closed wound).
  • Flail chest
    Flail chest is a life-threatening medical condition that occurs when a segment of the rib cage breaks due to trauma and becomes detached from the rest of the chest wall.
  • Traumatic asphyxia
    Traumatic asphyxia, or Perthe's syndrome, is a medical emergency caused by an intense compression of the thoracic cavity, causing venous back-flow from the right side of the heart into the veins of the neck and the brain.
  • Whiplash (medicine)
    Whiplash is a non-medical term describing a range of injuries to the neck caused by or related to a sudden distortion of the neck associated with extension, although the exact injury mechanisms remain unknown.
  • Facet syndrome
    Facet syndrome is a syndrome in which the facet joints (synovial diarthroses, from C2 to S1) cause back pain.
  • Salter–Harris fracture
    A Salter–Harris fracture is a fracture that involves the epiphyseal plate or growth plate of a bone.
  • Surgical suture
    Surgical suture is a medical device used to hold body tissues together after an injury or surgery.
  • Polytrauma
    Polytrauma or multiple trauma is a medical term describing the condition of a person who has been subjected to multiple traumatic injuries, such as a serious head injury in addition to a serious burn.
  • Osseointegration
    Osseointegration derives from the Greek osteon, bone, and the Latin integrare, to make whole.
  • Cauda equina syndrome
    Cauda equina syndrome (CES) is a serious neurologic condition in which damage to the cauda equina causes loss of function of the lumbar plexus (nerve roots) of the spinal canal below the termination (conus medullaris) of the spinal cord.
  • Stab wound
    A stab wound is a specific form of penetrating trauma to the skin that results from a knife or a similar pointed object that is "deeper than it is wide".
  • Blast injury
    A blast injury is a complex type of physical trauma resulting from direct or indirect exposure to an explosion.
  • Crush injury
    A crush injury is injury by an object that causes compression of the body.
  • Railway spine
    Railway spine was a nineteenth-century diagnosis for the post-traumatic symptoms of passengers involved in railroad accidents.
  • Liver injury
    A liver injury, also known as liver laceration, is some form of trauma sustained to the liver.
  • Blunt trauma
    Blunt trauma, blunt injury, non-penetrating trauma or blunt force trauma refers to physical trauma to a body part, either by impact, injury or physical attack.
  • Geriatric trauma
    Geriatric trauma refers to a traumatic injury that occurs to an elderly person.
  • Olecranon fracture
    Olecranon fracture is a fracture of the bony portion of the elbow.
  • Pediatric trauma
    Pediatric trauma refers to a traumatic injury that happens to an infant, child or adolescent.
  • Outline of trauma & orthopedics
    The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to trauma & orthopaedics: Orthopedic surgery – branch of surgery concerned with conditions involving the musculoskeletal system.
  • Major trauma
    Major trauma is any injury that has the potential to cause prolonged disability or death.
  • Spinal cord injury
    A spinal cord injury (SCI) is damage to the spinal cord that causes changes in its function, either temporary or permanent.
  • Penetrating trauma
    Penetrating trauma is an injury that occurs when an object pierces the skin and enters a tissue of the body, creating an open wound.
  • Index of trauma & orthopaedics articles
    Orthopedic surgery is the branch of surgery concerned with conditions involving the musculoskeletal system.
  • Thermal trauma
    Thermal trauma is any burn-related injury that can potentially lead to serious outcomes.
  • Stress fracture
    Stress fracture, also known as a hairline fracture, is a fatigue-induced fracture of the bone caused by repeated stress over time.
  • Splenic injury
    A splenic injury, which includes a ruptured spleen, is any injury to the spleen.
  • Superior canal dehiscence
    Superior canal dehiscence syndrome (SCDS) is a rare medical condition of the inner ear, leading to hearing and balance symptoms in those affected.
  • Traumatic aortic rupture
    Traumatic aortic rupture, also called traumatic aortic disruption or transection, is a condition in which the aorta, the largest artery in the body, is torn or ruptured.
  • Strain (injury)
    This is about an injury of a muscle.
  • Pancreatic injury
    A pancreatic injury is some form of trauma sustained by the pancreas.
  • Wound contracture
    Wound contracture is a process that may occur during wound healing when an excess of wound contraction, a normal healing process, leads to physical deformity characterized by skin constriction and functional limitations.
  • Thoracic aorta injury
    Injury of the thoracic aorta refers to any injury which affects the portion of the aorta which lies within the chest cavity.
  • Sports-related traumatic brain injury
    A sports-related traumatic brain injury is relatively uncommon, yet it is a serious accident which may lead to significant morbidity or mortality.
  • Anterior cruciate ligament injury
    The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is an important internal stabilizer of the knee joint, restraining hyperextension.