Transport proteins

2017-07-27T19:41:55+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Hydrogen potassium ATPase, Lipocalin, Globin, APOM, Hemoglobin, Myoglobin, Na+/K+-ATPase, Transferrin, Hemocyanin, Hemerythrin, Glucose transporter, Chloride channel, Cation diffusion facilitator, Formate-nitrite transporter, Small-conductance mechanosensitive channel, Nucleobase cation symporter-2, Oligosaccharide-transporting ATPase, V-ATPase, M2 proton channel, Organic anion-transporting polypeptide, Bacterial Leucine Transporter, Polycystin cation channel family, Potassium transporter family, Ryanodine-Inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate receptor calcium channels, Transient receptor potential calcium channel family, P2X purinoreceptor, Lactose permease, Bcl-2 family, Innexin, Large-conductance mechanosensitive channel, P-type ATPase, Neurotransmitter sodium symporter, APC Family, AGCS family, Calcium ATPase, Tripartite ATP-independent periplasmic transporter, Betaine transporter, Nucleobase cation symporter-1, Sodium-solute symporter, Calcium-dependent chloride channel, MACPF, Translocase of the inner membrane, Translocase of the outer membrane, NhaA family, Nicotinamide ribonucleoside uptake transporters, P-Aminobenzoyl-glutamate transporter, Sodium-proton antiporter, F420H2DH family flashcards Transport proteins
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  • Hydrogen potassium ATPase
    Gastric hydrogen potassium ATPase, also known as H+/K+ ATPase, is an enzyme which functions to acidify the stomach.
  • Lipocalin
    The lipocalins are a family of proteins which transport small hydrophobic molecules such as steroids, bilins, retinoids, and lipids.
  • Globin
    The globins are a family of globular proteins, which are thought to share a common ancestor.
  • APOM
    Apolipoprotein M is a protein that in humans is encoded by the APOM gene.
  • Hemoglobin
    Hemoglobin (/ˈhiːməˌɡloʊbᵻn, ˈhɛ-, -moʊ-/); also spelled haemoglobin and abbreviated Hb or Hgb, is the iron-containing oxygen-transport metalloprotein in the red blood cells of all vertebrates (with the exception of the fish family Channichthyidae) as well as the tissues of some invertebrates.
  • Myoglobin
    Myoglobin (symbol Mb or MB) is an iron- and oxygen-binding protein found in the muscle tissue of vertebrates in general and in almost all mammals.
  • Na+/K+-ATPase
    Na+/K+-ATPase (sodium-potassium adenosine triphosphatase, also known as the Na+/K+ pump or sodium-potassium pump) is an enzyme (EC 3.6.3.9) (an electrogenic transmembrane ATPase) found in the plasma membrane of all animal cells.
  • Transferrin
    Transferrins are iron-binding blood plasma glycoproteins that control the level of free iron in biological fluids.
  • Hemocyanin
    Hemocyanins (also spelled haemocyanins and abbreviated Hc) are proteins that transport oxygen throughout the bodies of some invertebrate animals.
  • Hemerythrin
    Hemerythrin (also spelled haemerythrin; from Greek words αίμα = blood and ερυθρός = red) is an oligomeric protein responsible for oxygen (O2) transport in the marine invertebrate phyla of sipunculids, priapulids, brachiopods, and in a single annelid worm genus, Magelona.
  • Glucose transporter
    Glucose transporters are a wide group of membrane proteins that facilitate the transport of glucose over a plasma membrane.
  • Chloride channel
    Chloride channels are a superfamily of poorly understood ion channels specific for chloride.
  • Cation diffusion facilitator
    Cation diffusion facilitators (CDFs) are integral membrane proteins that increase tolerance to divalent metal ions such as cadmium, zinc, and cobalt.
  • Formate-nitrite transporter
    The Formate-Nitrite Transporter (FNT) Family (TC# 1.A.16) is a family of homologous transmembrane proteins belonging to the Major Intrinsic Protein (MIP) Superfamily.
  • Small-conductance mechanosensitive channel
    Members of the Small Conductance Mechanosensitive Ion Channel (MscS) Family (TC# 1.A.23) provide protection against hypo-osmotic shock in bacteria, responding both to stretching of the cell membrane and to membrane depolarization.
  • Nucleobase cation symporter-2
    The Nucleobase:Cation Symporter-2 (NCS2) Family, also called the Nucleobase/Ascorbate Transporter (NAT) Family, consists of over 1000 sequenced proteins derived from gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria, archaea, fungi, plants and animals.
  • Oligosaccharide-transporting ATPase
    In enzymology, an oligosaccharide-transporting ATPase (EC 3.6.3.18) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction ATP + H2O + oligosaccharideout ADP + phosphate + oligosaccharidein The 3 substrates of this enzyme are ATP, H2O, and oligosaccharide, whereas its 3 products are ADP, phosphate, and oligosaccharide.
  • V-ATPase
    Vacuolar-type H+-ATPase (V-ATPase) is a highly conserved evolutionarily ancient enzyme with remarkably diverse functions in eukaryotic organisms.
  • M2 proton channel
    The Matrix-2 (M2) protein is a proton-selective ion channel protein, integral in the viral envelope of the influenza A virus.
  • Organic anion-transporting polypeptide
    An organic anion-transporting polypeptide (OATP) is a membrane transport protein or 'transporter' that mediates the transport of mainly organic anions across the cell membrane.
  • Bacterial Leucine Transporter
    Bacterial Leucine Transporter (LeuT) is a bundled twelve alpha helix protein which belongs to the family of transporters that shuttle amino acids in and out of bacterial cells.
  • Polycystin cation channel family
    The Polycystin Cation Channel (PCC) Family (TC# 1.A.5) consists of several transporters ranging in size from 500 to over 4000 amino acyl residues (aas) in length and exhibiting between 5 and 18 transmembrane segments (TMSs).
  • Potassium transporter family
    The K+ Transporter (Trk) Family is a member of the voltage-gated ion channel (VIC) superfamily.
  • Ryanodine-Inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate receptor calcium channels
    The ryanodine-inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate receptor Ca2+ channel (RIR-CaC) family (TC# 1.A.3) consists of several receptor proteins exhibiting 4 to 6 transmembrane segments (TMSs), although ryanodine receptor Ca2+ release channel (RyR2; TC# 1.A.3.1.1), of Homo sapiens exhibits 10 TMSs.
  • Transient receptor potential calcium channel family
    The transient receptor potential Ca2+ channel (TRP-CC) family (TC# 1.A.4) is a member of the voltage-gated ion channel (VIC) superfamily and consists of cation channels conserved from worms to humans.
  • P2X purinoreceptor
    The ATP-gated P2X Receptor Cation Channel (P2X Receptor) Family (TC# 1.A.7) consists of cation-permeable ligand gated ion channels that open in response to the binding of extracellular adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP).
  • Lactose permease
    Lactose permease is a membrane protein which is a member of the major facilitator superfamily.
  • Bcl-2 family
    The Bcl-2 Family (TC# 1.A.21) consists of apoptosis regulator Bcl-2 and its homologues.
  • Innexin
    Innexins (TC# 1.A.25), or gap junction proteins, are structurally related transmembrane proteins that assemble to form invertebrate gap junctions.
  • Large-conductance mechanosensitive channel
    The Large Conductance Mechanosensitive Ion Channel (MscL) Family (TC# 1.A.22) consists of pore-forming membrane proteins that are responsible for translating physical forces applied to cell membranes into electrophysiological activities.
  • P-type ATPase
    The P-type ATPases, also known as E1-E2 ATPases, are a large group of evolutionarily related ion and lipid pumps that are found in bacteria, archaea, and eukaryotes.
  • Neurotransmitter sodium symporter
    Members of the Neurotransmitter:Sodium Symporter (NSS) family (TC# 2.A.22) catalyze uptake of a variety of neurotransmitters, amino acids, osmolytes and related nitrogenous substances by a solute:Na+ symport mechanism.
  • APC Family
    The Amino Acid-Polyamine-Organocation (APC) Family (TC# 2.A.3) of transport proteins includes members that function as solute:cation symporters and solute:solute antiporters.
  • AGCS family
    Members of the Alanine or Glycine:Cation Symporter (AGCS) Family (TC# 2.A.25) transport alanine and/or glycine in symport with Na+ and or H+.
  • Calcium ATPase
    Ca2+ ATPase is a form of P-ATPase that transfers calcium after a muscle has contracted.
  • Tripartite ATP-independent periplasmic transporter
    Tripartite ATP-independent periplasmic transporters (TRAP transporters) are a large family of solute transporters found in bacteria and archaea, but not in eukaryotes, that appear to be specific for the uptake of organic acids.
  • Betaine transporter
    Proteins of the Betaine/Carnitine/Choline Transporter (BCCT) family (TC# 2.A.15) are found in Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria and archaea.
  • Nucleobase cation symporter-1
    The Nucleobase:Cation Symporter-1 (NCS1) Family (TC# 2.A.39) consists of over 1000 currently sequenced proteins derived from Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria, archaea, fungi and plants.
  • Sodium-solute symporter
    Members of the Solute:Sodium Symporter (SSS) Family (TC# 2.A.21) catalyze solute:Na+ symport.
  • Calcium-dependent chloride channel
    The Calcium-Dependent Chloride Channel (Ca-ClC) Family (TC# 1.A.17) consists of eukaryotic proteins that are required for normal electrolyte and fluid secretion, olfactory perception, and neuronal and smooth muscle excitability in animals.
  • MACPF
    The Membrane Attack Complex/Perforin (MACPF) superfamily, sometimes referred to as the MACPF/CDC superfamily, is named after a domain that is common to the membrane attack complex (MAC) proteins of the complement system (C6, C7, C8α, C8β and C9) and perforin (PF).
  • Translocase of the inner membrane
    The translocase of the inner membrane (TIM) is a complex of proteins found in the inner mitochondrial membrane of the mitochondria.
  • Translocase of the outer membrane
    The translocase of the outer membrane (TOM) is a complex of proteins found in the outer mitochondrial membrane of the mitochondria.
  • NhaA family
    Na+/H+ antiporter A (NhaA) family (TC# 2.A.33) contains a number of bacterial sodium-proton antiporter (SPAP) proteins.
  • Nicotinamide ribonucleoside uptake transporters
    The Nicotinamide Ribonucleoside (NR) Uptake Permease (PnuC) Family (TC# 4.B.1) is a family of transmembrane transporters that is part of the TOG superfamily.
  • P-Aminobenzoyl-glutamate transporter
    The p-aminobenzoyl-glutamate transporter (AbgT) family (TC# 2.A.68) is a family of transporter proteins belonging to the ion transporter (IT) superfamily.
  • Sodium-proton antiporter
    Sodium/proton antiporters are essential secondary-active transporters for sodium and pH homeostasis.
  • F420H2DH family
    The H+-translocating F420H2 Dehydrogenase (F420H2DH) Family (TC# 3.D.9) is a member of the Na+ transporting Mrp superfamily.