2019-04-03T15:19:35+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Thermodynamics, Calorie, Closed-system, Conduction, Convection, Fahrenheit, Gas, Heat, Insulator, Kelvin, Kinetic Energy, Latent Heat, Liquid, Open-system, Phase Change, Potential Energy, Radiation, Solid, Specific Heat, Temperature, Thermal Energy, Thermal Equilibrium flashcards
Thermodynamics

# Thermodynamics

• Thermodynamics
Thermodynamics is a branch of physics concerned with heat and temperature and their relation to energy and work.
• Calorie
A calorie is a unit of energy
• Closed-system
A physical system that doesn't exchange any matter with its surroundings, and isn't subject to any force whose source is external to the system.
• Conduction
Conduction is the transfer of heat by microscopic collisions of particles and movement of electrons within a body.
• Convection
Convection is the heat transfer due to bulk movement of molecules within fluids such as gases and liquids, including molten rock.
• Fahrenheit
The Fahrenheit scale is a temperature scale based on one proposed in 1724 by Amsterdam-based physicist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit, after whom the scale is named.
• Gas
an airlike fluid substance which expands freely to fill any space available, irrespective of its quantity.
• Heat
the quality of being hot; high temperature.
• Insulator
a thing or substance used for insulation, in particular.
• Kelvin
The absolute thermodynamic temperature scale using as its null point absolute zero, the temperature at which all thermal motion ceases in the classical description of thermodynamics.
• Kinetic Energy
Energy that a body possesses by virtue of being in motion.
• Latent Heat
The heat required to convert a solid into a liquid or vapor, or a liquid into a vapor, without change of temperature.
• Liquid
A nearly incompressible fluid that conforms to the shape of its container but retains a constant volume independent of pressure.
• Open-system
A system that freely exchanges energy and matter with its surroundings
• Phase Change
When a substance absorbs heat without an increase in temperature by changing from one physical state (or phase) to another, as from a solid to a liquid (melting), from a solid to a vapour (sublimation), from a liquid to a vapour (boiling), or from one solid form to another (usually called a crystalline.
• Potential Energy
The energy possessed by an object because of its position relative to other objects, stresses within itself, its electric charge, or other factors.