2017-07-28T15:21:43+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Hydrocele, Testicular torsion, Testicular cancer, Blood–testis barrier, Orchitis, Scrotum, Eunuch, Sertoli cell, Epididymis, Varicocele, Spermatogenesis, Anorchia, Cryptorchidism, Lamb fries, Testicular artery, Rocky Mountain oysters, Seminiferous tubule flashcards


  • Hydrocele
    A hydrocele (Br English: hydrocoele) denotes a pathological accumulation of serous fluid in a body cavity.
  • Testicular torsion
    Testicular torsion occurs when the spermatic cord (from which the testicle is suspended) twists, cutting off the testicle's blood supply, a condition called ischemia.
  • Testicular cancer
    Testicular cancer is cancer that develops in the testicles, a part of the male reproductive system.
  • Blood–testis barrier
    The blood–testis barrier is a physical barrier between the blood vessels and the seminiferous tubules of the animal testes.
  • Orchitis
    Orchitis /ˌɔːrˈkaɪtɪs/ or orchiditis /ˌɔːrkɪˈdaɪtɪs/ (from the Ancient Greek ὄρχις meaning "testicle"; same root as orchid) is inflammation of the testes.
  • Scrotum
    The scrotum is an anatomical male reproductive structure that consists of a suspended sack of skin and smooth muscle that is dual-chambered, present in most terrestrial male mammals and located under the penis.
  • Eunuch
    A eunuch (/ˈjuːnək/; Greek: εὐνοῦχος) is a man who has been castrated, typically early enough in his life for this change to have major hormonal consequences.
  • Sertoli cell
    A Sertoli cell (a kind of sustentacular cell) is a "nurse" cell of the testicles that is part of a seminiferous tubule and helps in the process of spermatogenesis; that is, the production of sperm.
  • Epididymis
    The epididymis (/ɛpᵻˈdɪdᵻmɪs/; plural: epididymides /ɛpᵻdᵻˈdɪmədiːz/ or /ɛpᵻˈdɪdəmɪdiːz/) is a tube that connects a testicle to a vas deferens in the male reproductive system.
  • Varicocele
    A varicocele is an abnormal enlargement of the pampiniform venous plexus in the scrotum.
  • Spermatogenesis
    Spermatogenesis is the process in which spermatozoa are produced from spermatogonial stem cells by way of mitosis and meiosis.
  • Anorchia
    Anorchia (or anorchism) is an XY disorder of sex development in which individuals have both testes absent at birth.
  • Cryptorchidism
    Cryptorchidism is the absence of one or both testes from the scrotum.
  • Lamb fries
    Lamb fries are lamb testicles used as food.
  • Testicular artery
    The testicular artery (the male gonadal artery, also called the internal spermatic arteries in older texts) is a branch of the abdominal aorta that supplies blood to the testis.
  • Rocky Mountain oysters
    Rocky Mountain oysters, also known as prairie oysters in Canada, is a dish made of bull, pig or sheep testicles.
  • Seminiferous tubule
    Seminiferous tubules are located within the testes, and are the specific location of meiosis, and the subsequent creation of male gametes, namely spermatozoa.