Terpenes and terpenoids

2017-07-29T08:03:16+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Sclareol, Squalane, Betulinic acid, Abietic acid, Natural rubber, Eucalyptol, Tinyatoxin, Plastoquinone, Tetrahydrocannabinol, Carotene, Humulene, Piperitone, Β-Santalol, Limonene, Carene, Squalene, Menthol, Geraniol, Linalool, Cantharidin, Citral, Borneol, Ocimene, Citronellal, Salvinorin A, Pulegone, Nepetalactone, Cadinene, Phellandrene, Fenchone, Nerol, Nerolidol, Phytol, Terpinen-4-ol, Camphene, Carvone, Pimaric acid, Fenchol, Nootkatone, Jasmone, Citronellol, Farnesene, Betulin, Isopimaric acid, Turpentine, Carvacrol, Menthyl acetate, Linalyl acetate, Resiniferatoxin, Farnesol, Ionone, Terpineol, Verbenone, Thujone, Resin acid, Terpinene, Menthone, Geranyl acetate, Lavandulol, Polyprenol, Teprenone, Azadirachtin, Camphor, Limonin, Geranylfarnesyl pyrophosphate, Bactoprenol, Digitonin, Dolichol, Humulone, Perillyl alcohol, Rotundone, Sterpuric acid, Methyllycaconitine, Luteone (terpenoid), C55-isoprenyl pyrophosphate, Callicarpenal, Irofulven flashcards Terpenes and terpenoids
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  • Sclareol
    Sclareol is a fragrant chemical compound found in clary sage (Salvia sclarea), from which it derives its name.
  • Squalane
    Squalane is a hydrocarbon and triterpene derived by hydrogenation of squalene.
  • Betulinic acid
    Betulinic acid is a naturally occurring pentacyclic triterpenoid which has antiretroviral, antimalarial, and anti-inflammatory properties, as well as a more recently discovered potential as an anticancer agent, by inhibition of topoisomerase.
  • Abietic acid
    Abietic acid (also known as abietinic acid or sylvic acid) is an organic compound that occurs widely in trees.
  • Natural rubber
    Natural rubber, also called India rubber or caoutchouc, as initially produced, consists of polymers of the organic compound isoprene, with minor impurities of other organic compounds plus water.
  • Eucalyptol
    Eucalyptol is a natural organic compound that is a colorless liquid.
  • Tinyatoxin
    Tinyatoxin (TTX or TTN) is a highly irritant analog of resiniferatoxin and capsaicin.
  • Plastoquinone
    Plastoquinone (PQ) is a quinone molecule involved in the electron transport chain in the light-dependent reactions of photosynthesis.
  • Tetrahydrocannabinol
    Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC, dronabinol by INN), or more precisely its main isomer (−)-trans-Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol, is the principal psychoactive constituent (or cannabinoid) of cannabis.
  • Carotene
    The term carotene (also carotin, from the Latin carota, "carrot") is used for many related unsaturated hydrocarbon substances having the formula C40Hx, which are synthesized by plants but in general cannot be made by animals (with the sole known exception of some aphids and spider mites which acquired the synthetic genes from fungi).
  • Humulene
    Humulene, also known as α-humulene or α-caryophyllene, is a naturally occurring monocyclic sesquiterpene (C15H24), containing an 11-membered ring and consisting of 3 isoprene units containing three nonconjugated C═C double bonds, two of them being triply substituted and one being doubly substituted.
  • Piperitone
    Piperitone is a natural monoterpene ketone which is a component of some essential oils.
  • Β-Santalol
    β-Santalol is an organic compound that is classified as a sesquiterpene.
  • Limonene
    Limonene is a colorless liquid hydrocarbon classified as a cyclic terpene.
  • Carene
    Carene, or delta-3-carene, is a bicyclic monoterpene which occurs naturally as a constituent of turpentine, with a content as high as 42% depending on the source.
  • Squalene
    Squalene is a natural 30-carbon organic compound originally obtained for commercial purposes primarily from shark liver oil (hence its name, as Squalus is a genus of sharks), although plant sources (primarily vegetable oils) are now used as well, including amaranth seed, rice bran, wheat germ, and olives.
  • Menthol
    Menthol is an organic compound or obtained from corn mint, peppermint, or other mint oils.
  • Geraniol
    Geraniol is a monoterpenoid and an alcohol.
  • Linalool
    Linalool (/lᵻˈnæloʊˌɒl, liː-, -loʊˌɔːl, -ləˌwɒl, -ləˌwoʊl/ or /ˌlɪnəˈluːl/) is a naturally occurring terpene alcohol chemical found in many flowers and spice plants with many commercial applications, the majority of which are based on its pleasant scent (floral, with a touch of spiciness).
  • Cantharidin
    Cantharidin is an odorless, colorless terpenoid secreted by many species of blister beetles, including broadly in genus Epicauta, and in species Lytta vesicatoria (Spanish fly).
  • Citral
    Citral, or 3,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadienal or lemonal, is either a pair, or a mixture of terpenoids with the molecular formula C10H16O.
  • Borneol
    Borneol is a bicyclic organic compound and a terpene.
  • Ocimene
    Ocimenes are a group of isomeric hydrocarbons.
  • Citronellal
    Citronellal or rhodinal or 3,7-dimethyloct-6-en-1-al (C10H18O) is a monoterpenoid, the main component in the mixture of terpenoid chemical compounds that give citronella oil its distinctive lemon scent.
  • Salvinorin A
    Salvinorin A is the main active psychotropic molecule in Salvia divinorum, a Mexican plant which has a long history of use as an entheogen by indigenous Mazatec shamans.
  • Pulegone
    Pulegone is a naturally occurring organic compound obtained from the essential oils of a variety of plants such as Nepeta cataria (catnip), Mentha piperita, and pennyroyal.
  • Nepetalactone
    Nepetalactone is an organic compound, first isolated from the plant catnip (Nepeta cataria), which acts as a cat attractant.
  • Cadinene
    Cadinene is the trivial chemical name of a number of isomeric hydrocarbons that occur in a wide variety of essential oil-producing plants.
  • Phellandrene
    Phellandrene is the name for a pair of organic compounds that have a similar molecular structure and similar chemical properties.
  • Fenchone
    Fenchone is a natural organic compound classified as a monoterpene and a ketone.
  • Nerol
    Nerol is a monoterpene found in many essential oils such as lemongrass and hops.
  • Nerolidol
    Nerolidol, also known as peruviol, is a naturally occurring sesquiterpene found in the essential oils of many types of plants and flowers.
  • Phytol
    Phytol is an acyclic diterpene alcohol that can be used as a precursor for the manufacture of synthetic forms of vitamin E and vitamin K1.
  • Terpinen-4-ol
    Terpinen-4-ol, also known as 4-Terpineol, is an organic compound in the terpene family.
  • Camphene
    Camphene is a bicyclic monoterpene.
  • Carvone
    Carvone is a member of a family of chemicals called terpenoids.
  • Pimaric acid
    Pimaric acid is a carboxylic acid from the resin acid group.
  • Fenchol
    Fenchol or 1,3,3-trimethyl-2-norbornanol is a terpene and an isomer of borneol.
  • Nootkatone
    Nootkatone is a natural organic compound and is the most important and expensive aromatic of grapefruit.
  • Jasmone
    Jasmone is an organic compound, which is a volatile portion of the oil from jasmine flowers.
  • Citronellol
    Citronellol, or dihydrogeraniol, is a natural acyclic monoterpenoid.
  • Farnesene
    The term farnesene refers to a set of six closely related chemical compounds which all are sesquiterpenes.
  • Betulin
    Betulin (lup-20(29)-ene-3β,28-diol) is an abundant, naturally occurring triterpene.
  • Isopimaric acid
    Isopimaric acid (IPA) is a toxin which acts as a large conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channel (BK channel) opener.
  • Turpentine
    Turpentine (also called spirit of turpentine, oil of turpentine, wood turpentine and colloquially turps) is a fluid obtained by the distillation of resin obtained from live trees, mainly pines.
  • Carvacrol
    Carvacrol, or cymophenol, C6H3CH3(OH)(C3H7), is a monoterpenoid phenol.
  • Menthyl acetate
    Menthyl acetate is a natural monoterpene which contributes to the smell and flavor of peppermint.
  • Linalyl acetate
    Linalyl acetate is a naturally occurring phytochemical found in many flowers and spice plants.
  • Resiniferatoxin
    Resiniferatoxin (RTX) is a naturally occurring chemical found in resin spurge (Euphorbia resinifera), a cactus-like plant commonly found in Morocco, and in Euphorbia poissonii found in northern Nigeria.
  • Farnesol
    Farnesol is a natural 15-carbon organic compound which is an acyclic sesquiterpene alcohol.
  • Ionone
    The ionones are a series of closely related chemical substances that are part of a group of compounds known as rose ketones, which also includes damascones and damascenones.
  • Terpineol
    Terpineol is a naturally occurring monoterpene alcohol that has been isolated from a variety of sources such as cajuput oil, pine oil, and petitgrain oil.
  • Verbenone
    Verbenone is a natural organic compound classified as a terpene that is found naturally in a variety of plants.
  • Thujone
    Thujone (/ˈθuːdʒoʊn/) is a ketone and a monoterpene that occurs naturally in two diastereomeric forms: (−)-α-thujone and (+)-β-thujone.
  • Resin acid
    Resin acid refers to mixtures of several related carboxylic acids, primarily abietic acid, found in tree resins.
  • Terpinene
    The terpinenes are a group of isomeric hydrocarbons that are classified as terpenes.
  • Menthone
    Menthone is a naturally occurring organic compound with a molecular formula C10H18O.
  • Geranyl acetate
    Geranyl acetate is a natural organic compound that is classified as a monoterpene.
  • Lavandulol
    Lavandulol is a monoterpene alcohol found in a variety of essential oils such as lavender oil.
  • Polyprenol
    Polyprenols are natural long-chain isoprenoid alcohols of the general formula H-(C5H8)n-OH where n is the number of isoprene units.
  • Teprenone
    Teprenone (or geranylgeranylacetone) is a pharmaceutical drug used for the treatment of gastric ulcers.
  • Azadirachtin
    Azadirachtin, a chemical compound belonging to the limonoid group, is a secondary metabolite present in neem seeds.
  • Camphor
    Camphor (/ˈkæmfər/) is a waxy, flammable, white or transparent solid with a strong aroma.
  • Limonin
    Limonin is a limonoid, and a bitter, white, crystalline substance found in citrus and other plants.
  • Geranylfarnesyl pyrophosphate
    Geranylfarnesyl pyrophosphate is an intermediate used by organisms in the biosynthesis of sesterterpenoids.
  • Bactoprenol
    Bactoprenol is a lipid synthesized by three different species of lactobacilli.
  • Digitonin
    Digitonin is a steroidal saponin (saraponin) obtained from the foxglove plant Digitalis purpurea.
  • Dolichol
    Dolichol refers to any of a group of long-chain mostly unsaturated organic compounds that are made up of varying numbers of isoprene units terminating in an α-saturated isoprenoid group, containing an alcohol functional group.
  • Humulone
    Humulone (α-lupulic acid), a vinylogous type of organic acid, is a bitter-tasting chemical compound found in the resin of mature hops (Humulus lupulus).
  • Perillyl alcohol
    Perillyl alcohol (IUPAC name: [4-(prop-1-en-2-yl)cyclohex-1-en-1-yl]methanol) and its precursor limonene are naturally occurring monocyclic terpenes derived from the mevalonate pathway in plants.
  • Rotundone
    Rotundone is a sesquiterpene originally discovered in the tubers of cyperus rotundus.
  • Sterpuric acid
    Sterpuric acid is a phytotoxic metabolite derived from the fungus Stereum purpureum, from which it derives its name.
  • Methyllycaconitine
    Methyllycaconitine (MLA) is a diterpenoid alkaloid found in many species of Delphinium (larkspurs).
  • Luteone (terpenoid)
    Luteone is a twenty-three carbon terpenoid from a sea slug, the dorid nudibranch Cadlina luteomarginata.
  • C55-isoprenyl pyrophosphate
    C55-isoprenyl pyrophosphate (undecaprenyl pyrophosphate), also known as bactoprenol, is an essential molecule involved in construction of the bacterial peptidoglycan cell wall.
  • Callicarpenal
    Callicarpenal is a terpenoid that has been isolated from plants of the genus Callicarpa (beautyberry).
  • Irofulven
    Irofulven or 6-hydroxymethylacylfulvene (also known as HMAF of MGI-114) is an experimental antitumor agent.