Stomach

2017-07-30T06:00:43+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Parietal cell, Hydrochloric acid, Pepsin, Pylorus, Delta cell, Gastric chief cell, G cell, Enterochromaffin-like cell, Gastric lymph nodes, Foveolar cell, Anterior gastric branches of anterior vagal trunk, Posterior gastric branches of posterior vagal trunk, Gastroduodenal artery, Left gastric artery, Left gastroepiploic artery, Right gastric artery, Right gastroepiploic artery, Gastric mucosa, Short gastric arteries, Gastric glands, Left gastric vein, Left gastroepiploic vein, Right gastric vein, Right gastroepiploic vein, Chronic gastritis, Cardiac notch of stomach, Enteroendocrine cell, Curvatures of the stomach, Gastric pits flashcards Stomach
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  • Parietal cell
    Parietal cells (also known as oxyntic or delomorphous cells), are the epithelial cells that secrete hydrochloric acid (HCl) and intrinsic factor.
  • Hydrochloric acid
    Hydrochloric acid is a colorless, highly pungent solution of hydrogen chloride (HCl) in water.
  • Pepsin
    Pepsin is an enzyme that breaks down proteins into smaller peptides (that is, a protease).
  • Pylorus
    The pylorus (/paɪˈlɔərəs/ or /pᵻˈlɔərəs/), or pyloric part, connects the stomach to the duodenum.
  • Delta cell
    Delta cells (δ-cells or D cells) are somatostatin-producing cells.
  • Gastric chief cell
    A gastric chief cell (or peptic cell, or gastric zymogenic cell) is a type of cell in the stomach that releases pepsinogen and gastric lipase and is the cell responsible for secretion of chymosin in ruminants.
  • G cell
    In anatomy, the G cell is a type of cell in the stomach and duodenum that secretes gastrin.
  • Enterochromaffin-like cell
    Enterochromaffin-like cells or ECL cells are a type of neuroendocrine cells found in the gastric glands of the gastric mucosa beneath the epithelium, in particular in the vicinity of parietal cells, that aid in the production of gastric acid via the release of histamine.
  • Gastric lymph nodes
    The gastric lymph nodes consist of two sets, superior and inferior.
  • Foveolar cell
    Foveolar cells or surface mucous cells are mucus-producing cells which cover the inside of the stomach, protecting it from the corrosive nature of gastric acid.
  • Anterior gastric branches of anterior vagal trunk
    The anterior gastric branches of anterior vagal trunk are branches of the anterior vagal trunk which supply the stomach.
  • Posterior gastric branches of posterior vagal trunk
    The posterior gastric branches of posterior vagal trunk are branches of the posterior vagal trunk which supply the stomach.
  • Gastroduodenal artery
    In anatomy, the gastroduodenal artery is a small blood vessel in the abdomen.
  • Left gastric artery
    In human anatomy, the left gastric artery arises from the celiac artery and runs along the superior portion of the lesser curvature of the stomach.
  • Left gastroepiploic artery
    The left gastroepiploic artery (or left gastro-omental artery), the largest branch of the splenic artery, runs from left to right about a finger’s breadth or more from the greater curvature of the stomach, between the layers of the greater omentum, and anastomoses with the right gastroepiploic (a branch of the right gastro-duodenal artery originating from the hepatic branch of the Coeliac trunk).
  • Right gastric artery
    The right gastric artery (pyloric artery) arises above the pylorus from the proper hepatic artery or less frequently from the common hepatic artery, descends to the pyloric end of the stomach, and passes from right to left along its lesser curvature, supplying it with branches, and anastomosing with the left gastric artery.
  • Right gastroepiploic artery
    The right gastroepiploic artery (or right gastro-omental artery) is one of the two terminal branches of the gastroduodenal artery.
  • Gastric mucosa
    The gastric mucosa is the mucous membrane layer of the stomach which contains the glands and the gastric pits.
  • Short gastric arteries
    The short gastric arteries consist of from five to seven small branches, which arise from the end of the splenic artery, and from its terminal divisions.
  • Gastric glands
    The gastric glands are located in different regions of the stomach.
  • Left gastric vein
    The left gastric vein (or coronary vein) carries blood low in oxygen, tributaries derived from both surfaces of the stomach; it runs from right to left along the lesser curvature of the stomach, between the two layers of the lesser omentum, to the esophageal opening of the stomach, where it receives some esophageal veins.
  • Left gastroepiploic vein
    The left gastroepiploic vein (left gastro-omental vein) receives branches from the antero-superior and postero-inferior surfaces of the stomach and from the greater omentum; it runs from right to left along the greater curvature of the stomach and ends in the commencement of the splenic vein.
  • Right gastric vein
    The right gastric vein (pyloric vein) drains blood from the lesser curvature of the stomach into the hepatic portal vein.
  • Right gastroepiploic vein
    The right gastroepiploic vein (right gastroomental vein) is a blood vessel that drains blood from the greater curvature and left part of the body of the stomach into the superior mesenteric vein.
  • Chronic gastritis
    Chronic gastritis is a chronic inflammation of the gastric mucosa.
  • Cardiac notch of stomach
    The right margin of the oesophagus is continuous with the lesser curvature of the stomach, while the left margin joins the greater curvature at an acute angle, termed the cardiac notch (or cardial notch).
  • Enteroendocrine cell
    Enteroendocrine cells are specialized cells of the gastrointestinal tract and pancreas with endocrine function.
  • Curvatures of the stomach
    The curvatures of the stomach refer to the greater and lesser curvatures.
  • Gastric pits
    Gastric pits are indentations in the stomach which denote entrances to the tubular shaped gastric glands.