Special relativity

2017-07-27T22:51:33+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Length contraction, Thomas precession, Relativistic mechanics, Cherenkov radiation, Spacetime, Speed of light, Time dilation, Lorentz group, Lorentz covariance, Lorentz factor, Variable speed of light, World line, Massless particle, Sagnac effect, List of relativistic equations, Covariant formulation of classical electromagnetism, Energy–momentum relation, Postulates of special relativity, Symmetry in quantum mechanics, Inhomogeneous electromagnetic wave equation, Relativistic angular momentum, Wigner rotation, Moving magnet and conductor problem, Barycentric Dynamical Time, Paradox of a charge in a gravitational field, One-way speed of light flashcards Special relativity
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  • Length contraction
    Length contraction is the phenomenon of a decrease in length of an object as measured by an observer who is traveling at any non-zero velocity relative to the object.
  • Thomas precession
    In physics, the Thomas precession, named after Llewellyn Thomas, is a relativistic correction that applies to the spin of an elementary particle or the rotation of a macroscopic gyroscope and relates the angular velocity of the spin of a particle following a curvilinear orbit to the angular velocity of the orbital motion.
  • Relativistic mechanics
    In physics, relativistic mechanics refers to mechanics compatible with special relativity (SR) and general relativity (GR).
  • Cherenkov radiation
    Cherenkov radiation, also known as Vavilov–Cherenkov radiation, is electromagnetic radiation emitted when a charged particle (such as an electron) passes through a dielectric medium at a speed greater than the phase velocity of light in that medium.
  • Spacetime
    In physics, spacetime is any mathematical model that combines space and time into a single interwoven continuum.
  • Speed of light
    The speed of light in vacuum, commonly denoted c, is a universal physical constant important in many areas of physics.
  • Time dilation
    In the theory of relativity, time dilation is a difference of elapsed time between two events as measured by observers either moving relative to each other or differently situated from a gravitational mass or masses.
  • Lorentz group
    In physics and mathematics, the Lorentz group is the group of all Lorentz transformations of Minkowski spacetime, the classical and quantum setting for all (nongravitational) physical phenomena.
  • Lorentz covariance
    In physics, Lorentz symmetry, named for Hendrik Lorentz, is "the feature of nature that says experimental results are independent of the orientation or the boost velocity of the laboratory through space".
  • Lorentz factor
    The Lorentz factor or Lorentz term is the factor by which time, length, and relativistic mass change for an object while that object is moving.
  • Variable speed of light
    Variable speed of light (VSL) refers to a family of hypotheses stating that the speed of light in vacuum, usually denoted by c, may in some way not be constant, e.
  • World line
    The world line (or worldline) of an object is the path of that object in 4-dimensional spacetime, tracing the history of its location in space at each instant in time.
  • Massless particle
    In particle physics, a massless particle is a particle whose invariant mass is theoretically zero.
  • Sagnac effect
    The Sagnac effect (also called Sagnac interference), named after French physicist Georges Sagnac, is a phenomenon encountered in interferometry that is elicited by rotation.
  • List of relativistic equations
    Following is a list of the frequently occurring equations in the theory of special relativity.
  • Covariant formulation of classical electromagnetism
    The covariant formulation of classical electromagnetism refers to ways of writing the laws of classical electromagnetism (in particular, Maxwell's equations and the Lorentz force) in a form that is manifestly invariant under Lorentz transformations, in the formalism of special relativity using rectilinear inertial coordinate systems.
  • Energy–momentum relation
    In physics, the energy–momentum relation is the relativistic equation relating any object's rest (intrinsic) mass, total energy, and momentum: holds for a system, such as a particle or macroscopic body, having intrinsic rest mass m0, total energy E, and a momentum of magnitude p, where the constant c is the speed of light, assuming the special relativity case of flat spacetime.
  • Postulates of special relativity
    1. First postulate (principle of relativity) The laws by which the states of physical systems undergo change are not affected, whether these changes of state be referred to the one or the other of two systems of coordinates in uniform translatory motion.
  • Symmetry in quantum mechanics
    Symmetries in quantum mechanics describe features of spacetime and particles which are unchanged under some transformation, in the context of quantum mechanics, relativistic quantum mechanics and quantum field theory, and with applications in the mathematical formulation of the standard model and condensed matter physics.
  • Inhomogeneous electromagnetic wave equation
    In electromagnetism and applications, an inhomogeneous electromagnetic wave equation, or nonhomogeneous electromagnetic wave equation, is one of a set of wave equations describing the propagation of electromagnetic waves generated by nonzero source charges and currents.
  • Relativistic angular momentum
    In physics, relativistic angular momentum refers to the mathematical formalisms and physical concepts that define angular momentum in special relativity (SR) and general relativity (GR).
  • Wigner rotation
    In theoretical physics, the composition of two non-collinear Lorentz boosts results in a Lorentz transformation that is not a pure boost but is the composition of a boost and a rotation.
  • Moving magnet and conductor problem
    The moving magnet and conductor problem is a famous thought experiment, originating in the 19th century, concerning the intersection of classical electromagnetism and special relativity.
  • Barycentric Dynamical Time
    Barycentric Dynamical Time (TDB, from the French Temps Dynamique Barycentrique) is a relativistic coordinate time scale, intended for astronomical use as a time standard to take account of time dilation when calculating orbits and astronomical ephemerides of planets, asteroids, comets and interplanetary spacecraft in the Solar System.
  • Paradox of a charge in a gravitational field
    The special theory of relativity is known for its paradoxes: the twin paradox and the ladder-in-barn paradox, for example.
  • One-way speed of light
    When using the term 'the speed of light' it is sometimes necessary to make the distinction between its one-way speed and its two-way speed.