In mathematics, the polylogarithm (also known as , for Alfred Jonquière) is a special function Lis(z) of order s and argument z.
A logistic function or logistic curve is a common "S" shape (sigmoid curve), with equation: where
* e = the natural logarithm base (also known as Euler's number),
* x0 = the x-value of the sigmoid's midpoint,
* L = the curve's maximum value, and
* k = the steepness of the curve.
In mathematics, the absolute value or modulus |x| of a real number x is the non-negative value of x without regard to its sign.
In mathematics, the error function (also called the Gauss error function) is a special function (non-elementary) of sigmoid shape that occurs in probability, statistics, and partial differential equations describing diffusion.
In mathematics, the gamma function (represented by the capital Greek letter Γ) is an extension of the factorial function, with its argument shifted down by 1, to real and complex numbers.
In mathematics, the sign function or signum function (from signum, Latin for "sign") is an odd mathematical function that extracts the sign of a real number.
In mathematics, the beta function, also called the Euler integral of the first kind, is a special function defined by for The beta function was studied by Euler and Legendre and was given its name by Jacques Binet; its symbol Β is a Greek capital β rather than the similar Latin capital B.
In complex analysis, an entire function, also called an integral function, is a complex-valued function that is holomorphic over the whole complex plane.
In mathematics, the exponential integral Ei is a special function on the complex plane.
In mathematics, Spence's function, or dilogarithm, denoted as Li2(z), is a particular case of the polylogarithm.
Minkowski's question mark function
In mathematics, the Minkowski question mark function (or the slippery devil's staircase), denoted by ?(x), is a function possessing various unusual fractal properties, defined by Hermann Minkowski (, pages 171–172).
In mathematics, a closed-form expression is a mathematical expression that can be evaluated in a finite number of operations.
Spin-weighted spherical harmonics
In special functions, a topic in mathematics, spin-weighted spherical harmonics are generalizations of the standard spherical harmonics and—like the usual spherical harmonics—are functions on the sphere.
Spin spherical harmonics
In quantum mechanics, spin spherical harmonics Yl, s, j, m are spinors eigenstates of the total angular momentum operator squared: where j = l + s.