Semiconductor devices

2017-07-27T22:31:09+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true LED lamp, P–n junction, Solar panel, Thyristor, Light-emitting diode, Solar cell, Transistor, Thermistor, Varistor, Transistor–transistor logic, Insulated-gate bipolar transistor, MOSFET, Opto-isolator, Photoresistor, PIN diode, TRIAC, P–n diode flashcards Semiconductor devices
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  • LED lamp
    An LED lamp is a light-emitting diode (LED) product which is assembled into a lamp (or light bulb) for use in lighting fixtures.
  • P–n junction
    (See also: p–n diode and Diode § Semiconductor diodes) A p–n junction is a boundary or interface between two types of semiconductor material, p-type and n-type, inside a single crystal of semiconductor.
  • Solar panel
    Solar panel refers to a panel designed to absorb the sun's rays as a source of energy for generating electricity or heating.
  • Thyristor
    A thyristor is a solid-state semiconductor device with four layers of alternating N and P-type material.
  • Light-emitting diode
    A light-emitting diode (LED) is a two-lead semiconductor light source.
  • Solar cell
    A solar cell, or photovoltaic cell (in very early days also termed "solar battery" – a denotation which nowadays has a totally different meaning, see here), is an electrical device that converts the energy of light directly into electricity by the photovoltaic effect, which is a physical and chemical phenomenon.
  • Transistor
    A transistor is a semiconductor device used to amplify or switch electronic signals and electrical power.
  • Thermistor
    A thermistor is a type of resistor whose resistance is dependent on temperature, more so than in standard resistors.
  • Varistor
    A varistor is an electronic component with an electrical resistance that varies with the applied voltage.
  • Transistor–transistor logic
    Transistor–transistor logic (TTL) is a class of digital circuits built from bipolar junction transistors (BJTs) and resistors.
  • Insulated-gate bipolar transistor
    An insulated-gate bipolar transistor (IGBT) is a three-terminal power semiconductor device primarily used as an electronic switch which, as it was developed, came to combine high efficiency and fast switching.
    The metal–oxide–semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET, MOS-FET, or MOS FET) is a type of transistor used for amplifying or switching electronic signals.
  • Opto-isolator
    In electronics, an opto-isolator, also called an optocoupler, photocoupler, or optical isolator, is a component that transfers electrical signals between two isolated circuits by using light.
  • Photoresistor
    A photoresistor (or light-dependent resistor, LDR, or photocell) is a light-controlled variable resistor.
  • PIN diode
    A PIN diode is a diode with a wide, undoped intrinsic semiconductor region between a p-type semiconductor and an n-type semiconductor region.
    TRIAC, from triode for alternating current, is a generic trademark for a three terminal electronic component that conducts current in either direction when triggered.
  • P–n diode
    (See also: p–n junction and Diode § Semiconductor diodes) This article provides a more detailed explanation of p–n diode behavior than that found in the articles p–n junction or diode.