2017-07-31T01:17:04+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Asthma, Medical ventilator, Atelectasis, Fluticasone, Heliox, Restrictive lung disease, Respiratory therapist, Mechanical ventilation, Obstructive lung disease, Ventilator-associated lung injury, Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction, Racemic epinephrine, Young–Laplace equation, Acid–base imbalance, Ventilator-associated pneumonia, Pulmonary interstitial emphysema, Fluticasone propionate flashcards
Respiratory therapy

Respiratory therapy

  • Asthma
    Asthma is a common long term inflammatory disease of the airways of the lungs.
  • Medical ventilator
    A medical ventilator (or simply ventilator in context) is a mechanical ventilator, a machine designed to move breathable air into and out of the lungs, to provide breathing for a patient who is physically unable to breathe, or breathing insufficiently.
  • Atelectasis
    Atelectasis is the collapse or closure of a lung resulting in reduced or absent gas exchange.
  • Fluticasone
    Fluticasone is a synthetic glucocorticoid.
  • Heliox
    Heliox is a breathing gas composed of a mixture of helium (He) and oxygen (O2).
  • Restrictive lung disease
    Restrictive lung diseases (or restrictive ventilatory defects) are a category of extrapulmonary, pleural, or parenchymal respiratory diseases that restrict lung expansion, resulting in a decreased lung volume, an increased work of breathing, and inadequate ventilation and/or oxygenation.
  • Respiratory therapist
    A respiratory therapist is a specialized healthcare practitioner trained in pulmonary medicine in order to work therapeutically with people suffering pulmonary disease, who has graduated from a university and passed a national board certifying examination.
  • Mechanical ventilation
    Mechanical ventilation is the medical term for artificial ventilation where mechanical means is used to assist or replace spontaneous breathing.
  • Obstructive lung disease
    Obstructive lung disease is a category of respiratory disease characterized by airway obstruction.
  • Ventilator-associated lung injury
    Ventilator-associated lung injury (VALI) is an acute lung injury that develops during mechanical ventilation and is termed ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) if it can be proven that the mechanical ventilation caused the acute lung injury.
  • Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction
    Exercise-induced asthma, or E.
  • Racemic epinephrine
    Racemic epinephrine is a racemic mixture of epinephrine and is a sympathomimetic bronchodilator that is delivered by aerosol.
  • Young–Laplace equation
    In physics, the Young–Laplace equation (/ˈjʌŋ ləˈplɑːs/) is a nonlinear partial differential equation that describes the capillary pressure difference sustained across the interface between two static fluids, such as water and air, due to the phenomenon of surface tension or wall tension, although usage on the latter is only applicable if assuming that the wall is very thin.
  • Acid–base imbalance
    Acid–base imbalance is an abnormality of the human body's normal balance of acids and bases that causes the plasma pH to deviate out of the normal range (7.35 to 7.45).
  • Ventilator-associated pneumonia
    Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a type of lung infection that occurs in people who are on breathing machines in hospitals.
  • Pulmonary interstitial emphysema
    Pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE) is a collection of air outside of the normal air space of the pulmonary alveoli, found instead inside the connective tissue of the peribronchovascular sheaths, interlobular septa, and visceral pleura.
  • Fluticasone propionate
    Fluticasone propionate belongs to a class of drugs known as corticosteroids, specifically glucocorticoids, which are hormones that predominantly affect the metabolism of carbohydrates and, to a lesser extent, fat and protein.