Quantum field theory

2017-07-27T19:30:55+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Propagator, Parity (physics), Path integral formulation, Functional integration, Helicity (particle physics), Boson, Dirac equation, Fermion, Higgs boson, Higgs mechanism, Spin (physics), Anyon, Chirality (physics), Quantization (physics), Fermi's interaction, Renormalization group, Noether's theorem, S-matrix, Electroweak interaction, Gauge fixing, Majorana fermion, Alternatives to the Standard Model Higgs, No-go theorem, Quantum nonlocality, Symmetry in quantum mechanics, Axiomatic quantum field theory, QED vacuum, Wess–Zumino–Witten model, Bargmann–Wigner equations, Gluon field strength tensor, Vacuum manifold, Ward–Takahashi identity, Schwinger's quantum action principle, Thirring model, Thirring–Wess model, Composite field, Quantum hadrodynamics, History of quantum field theory, Scalar field theory, Free field flashcards Quantum field theory
Click to flip
  • Propagator
    In quantum mechanics and quantum field theory, the propagator is a function that specifies the probability amplitude for a particle to travel from one place to another in a given time, or to travel with a certain energy and momentum.
  • Parity (physics)
    In quantum mechanics, a parity transformation (also called parity inversion) is the flip in the sign of one spatial coordinate.
  • Path integral formulation
    The path integral formulation of quantum mechanics is a description of quantum theory which generalizes the action principle of classical mechanics.
  • Functional integration
    Functional integration is a collection of results in mathematics and physics where the domain of an integral is no longer a region of space, but a space of functions.
  • Helicity (particle physics)
    In particle physics, helicity is the projection of the angular momentum onto the direction of momentum.
  • Boson
    In quantum mechanics, a boson (/ˈboʊsɒn/, /ˈboʊzɒn/) is a particle that follows Bose–Einstein statistics.
  • Dirac equation
    In particle physics, the Dirac equation is a relativistic wave equation derived by British physicist Paul Dirac in 1928.
  • Fermion
    In particle physics, a fermion (a name coined by Paul Dirac from the surname of Enrico Fermi) is any particle characterized by Fermi–Dirac statistics.
  • Higgs boson
    ("God Particle" redirects here. For the upcoming sci-fi film, see God Particle (film).) The Higgs boson is an elementary particle in the Standard Model of particle physics.
  • Higgs mechanism
    In the Standard Model of particle physics, the Higgs mechanism is essential to explain the generation mechanism of the property "mass" for gauge bosons.
  • Spin (physics)
    In quantum mechanics and particle physics, spin is an intrinsic form of angular momentum carried by elementary particles, composite particles (hadrons), and atomic nuclei.
  • Anyon
    In physics, an anyon is a type of quasiparticle that occurs only in two-dimensional systems, with properties much less restricted than fermions and bosons; the operation of exchanging two identical particles may cause a global phase shift but cannot affect observables.
  • Chirality (physics)
    A chiral phenomenon is one that is not identical to its mirror image (see the article on mathematical chirality).
  • Quantization (physics)
    In physics, quantization is the process of transition from a classical understanding of physical phenomena to a newer understanding known as quantum mechanics.
  • Fermi's interaction
    In particle physics, Fermi's interaction (also the Fermi theory of beta decay) is an explanation of the beta decay, proposed by Enrico Fermi in 1933.
  • Renormalization group
    In theoretical physics, the renormalization group (RG) refers to a mathematical apparatus that allows systematic investigation of the changes of a physical system as viewed at different distance scales.
  • Noether's theorem
    Noether's (first) theorem states that every differentiable symmetry of the action of a physical system has a corresponding conservation law.
  • S-matrix
    In physics, the S-matrix or scattering matrix relates the initial state and the final state of a physical system undergoing a scattering process.
  • Electroweak interaction
    In particle physics, the electroweak interaction is the unified description of two of the four known fundamental interactions of nature: electromagnetism and the weak interaction.
  • Gauge fixing
    In the physics of gauge theories, gauge fixing (also called choosing a gauge) denotes a mathematical procedure for coping with redundant degrees of freedom in field variables.
  • Majorana fermion
    A Majorana fermion (/maɪəˈrɒnə ˈfɛərmiːɒn/), also referred to as a Majorana particle, is a fermion that is its own antiparticle.
  • Alternatives to the Standard Model Higgs
    Although the Higgs boson, as included in the Standard Model, is arguably the simplest method of achieving the Higgs mechanism, it is not without problems.
  • No-go theorem
    In theoretical physics, a no-go theorem is a theorem that states that a particular situation is not physically possible.
  • Quantum nonlocality
    In theoretical physics, quantum nonlocality is the phenomenon by which measurements made at a microscopic level contradict a collection of notions known as local realism that are regarded as intuitively true in classical mechanics.
  • Symmetry in quantum mechanics
    Symmetries in quantum mechanics describe features of spacetime and particles which are unchanged under some transformation, in the context of quantum mechanics, relativistic quantum mechanics and quantum field theory, and with applications in the mathematical formulation of the standard model and condensed matter physics.
  • Axiomatic quantum field theory
    Axiomatic quantum field theory is a mathematical discipline which aims to describe quantum field theory in terms of rigorous axioms.
  • QED vacuum
    The quantum electrodynamic vacuum or QED vacuum is the field-theoretic vacuum of quantum electrodynamics.
  • Wess–Zumino–Witten model
    In theoretical physics and mathematics, the Wess–Zumino–Witten (WZW) model, also called the Wess–Zumino–Novikov–Witten model, is a simple model of conformal field theory whose solutions are realized by affine Kac–Moody algebras.
  • Bargmann–Wigner equations
    In relativistic quantum mechanics and quantum field theory, the Bargmann–Wigner equations (or BW equations or BWE) are relativistic wave equations which describe free particles of arbitrary spin j, an integer for bosons (j = 1, 2, 3 ...) or half-integer for fermions (j =  1⁄2,  3⁄2,  5⁄2 ...).
  • Gluon field strength tensor
    In theoretical particle physics, the gluon field strength tensor is a second order tensor field characterizing the gluon interaction between quarks.
  • Vacuum manifold
    In quantum field theory, the vacuum state may be degenerate.
  • Ward–Takahashi identity
    In quantum field theory, a Ward–Takahashi identity is an identity between correlation functions that follows from the global or gauge symmetries of the theory, and which remains valid after renormalization.
  • Schwinger's quantum action principle
    Schwinger's quantum action principle is a variational approach to quantum field theory introduced by Julian Schwinger.
  • Thirring model
    The Thirring model is an exactly solvable quantum field theory which describes the self-interactions of a Dirac field in (1+1) dimensions.
  • Thirring–Wess model
    The Thirring–Wess model or Vector Meson model is an exactly solvablequantum field theory describing the interaction of a Dirac field with a vector field in dimension two.
  • Composite field
    In quantum field theory, a composite field is a field defined in terms of other more "elementary" fields.
  • Quantum hadrodynamics
    Quantum hadrodynamics is an effective field theory pertaining to interactions between hadrons, that is, hadron-hadron interactions or the inter-hadron force.
  • History of quantum field theory
    In particle physics, the history of quantum field theory starts with its creation by Paul Dirac, when he attempted to quantize the electromagnetic field in the late 1920s.
  • Scalar field theory
    In theoretical physics, scalar field theory can refer to a classical or quantum theory of scalar fields.
  • Free field
    In physics a free field is a field without interactions, which is described by the terms of motion and mass.