Pulmonology

2017-07-27T21:33:29+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true High-resolution computed tomography, Berylliosis, Lung abscess, Respiratory failure, Bronchopulmonary dysplasia, Asthma, Pneumonia, Obesity hypoventilation syndrome, Pulmonary embolism, Acute respiratory distress syndrome, Cough, Bronchiectasis, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Interstitial lung disease, Pneumoconiosis, Breathing, Hypoxia (medical), Hypocapnia, Hemothorax, Hyperventilation, Pulmonary hypertension, Aspirin-induced asthma, Aspiration pneumonia, Pulmonary heart disease, Acute severe asthma, Mendelson's syndrome, Baritosis, Lobectomy, Ventilator-associated lung injury, Respiratory sounds, Smoke inhalation, Pulmonary interstitial emphysema, Cystic fibrosis-related diabetes flashcards Pulmonology
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  • High-resolution computed tomography
    High-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) is computed tomography (CT) with high resolution.
  • Berylliosis
    Berylliosis, or chronic beryllium disease (CBD), is a chronic allergic-type lung response and chronic lung disease caused by exposure to beryllium and its compounds, a form of beryllium poisoning.
  • Lung abscess
    Lung abscess is a type of liquefactive necrosis of the lung tissue and formation of cavities (more than 2 cm) containing necrotic debris or fluid caused by microbial infection.
  • Respiratory failure
    Respiratory failure results from inadequate gas exchange by the respiratory system, meaning that the arterial oxygen, carbon dioxide or both cannot be kept at normal levels.
  • Bronchopulmonary dysplasia
    Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD; formerly chronic lung disease of infancy) is a chronic lung disorder of infants and children first described in 1967.
  • Asthma
    Asthma is a common long term inflammatory disease of the airways of the lungs.
  • Pneumonia
    Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung affecting primarily the microscopic air sacs known as alveoli.
  • Obesity hypoventilation syndrome
    Obesity hypoventilation syndrome (also known as Pickwickian syndrome) is a condition in which severely overweight people fail to breathe rapidly enough or deeply enough, resulting in low blood oxygen levels and high blood carbon dioxide (CO2) levels.
  • Pulmonary embolism
    Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a blockage of an artery in the lungs by a substance that has traveled from elsewhere in the body through the bloodstream (embolism).
  • Acute respiratory distress syndrome
    Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a medical condition occurring in critically ill patients characterized by widespread inflammation in the lungs.
  • Cough
    A cough is a sudden and often repetitively occurring reflex which helps to clear the large breathing passages from fluids, irritants, foreign particles and microbes.
  • Bronchiectasis
    Bronchiectasis is a disease in which there is permanent enlargement of parts of the airways of the lung.
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a type of obstructive lung disease characterized by long-term poor airflow.
  • Interstitial lung disease
    Interstitial lung disease (ILD), or diffuse parenchymal lung disease (DPLD), is a group of lung diseases affecting the interstitium (the tissue and space around the air sacs of the lungs).
  • Pneumoconiosis
    Pneumoconiosis is an occupational lung disease and a restrictive lung disease caused by the inhalation of dust, often in mines and from agriculture.
  • Breathing
    Breathing is the process that moves air in and out of the lungs, or the diffusion of oxygen and carbon dioxide to and from the external environment into and out of the blood through other respiratory organs such as gills.
  • Hypoxia (medical)
    Hypoxia is a condition in which the body or a region of the body is deprived of adequate oxygen supply at the tissue level.
  • Hypocapnia
    Hypocapnia or hypocapnea also known as hypocarbia, sometimes incorrectly called acapnia, is a state of reduced carbon dioxide in the blood.
  • Hemothorax
    A hemothorax (hemo- + thorax) (or haemothorax or haemorrhagic pleural effusion) is a type of pleural effusion in which blood accumulates in the pleural cavity.
  • Hyperventilation
    Hyperventilation occurs when the rate and quantity of alveolar ventilation of carbon dioxide exceeds the body's production of carbon dioxide.
  • Pulmonary hypertension
    Pulmonary hypertension (PH or PHTN) is an increase of blood pressure in the pulmonary artery, pulmonary vein, or pulmonary capillaries, together known as the lung vasculature, leading to shortness of breath, dizziness, fainting, leg swelling and other symptoms.
  • Aspirin-induced asthma
    Aspirin-induced asthma is also termed Samter's triad, Samter's syndrome, aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD), and recently by an appointed task force of the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology/World Allergy Organization (EAACI/WAO) Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs-exacerbated respiratory disease (N-ERD).
  • Aspiration pneumonia
    Aspiration pneumonia is bronchopneumonia that develops due to the entrance of foreign materials into the bronchial tree, usually oral or gastric contents (including food, saliva, or nasal secretions).
  • Pulmonary heart disease
    Pulmonary heart disease, also known as cor pulmonale is the enlargement and failure of the right ventricle of the heart as a response to increased vascular resistance (such as from pulmonic stenosis) or high blood pressure in the lungs
  • Acute severe asthma
    Acute severe asthma (also referred to in Latin as status asthmaticus, or asthmatic status) is an acute exacerbation of asthma that does not respond to standard treatments of bronchodilators (inhalers) and steroids.
  • Mendelson's syndrome
    Mendelson's syndrome is chemical pneumonitis or aspiration pneumonitis caused by aspiration during anaesthesia, especially during pregnancy.
  • Baritosis
    Baritosis is a benign type of pneumoconiosis, which is caused by long-term exposure to barium dust.
  • Lobectomy
    Lobectomy means surgical excision of a lobe.
  • Ventilator-associated lung injury
    Ventilator-associated lung injury (VALI) is an acute lung injury that develops during mechanical ventilation and is termed ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) if it can be proven that the mechanical ventilation caused the acute lung injury.
  • Respiratory sounds
    Respiratory sounds, breath sounds, or lung sounds refer to the specific sounds generated by the movement of air through the respiratory system.
  • Smoke inhalation
    Smoke inhalation is the primary cause of death for victims of indoor fires.
  • Pulmonary interstitial emphysema
    Pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE) is a collection of air outside of the normal air space of the pulmonary alveoli, found instead inside the connective tissue of the peribronchovascular sheaths, interlobular septa, and visceral pleura.
  • Cystic fibrosis-related diabetes
    Cystic fibrosis-related diabetes (CFRD) is diabetes specifically caused by cystic fibrosis, a genetic condition.