Protein kinases

2017-07-30T03:43:22+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Tyrosine kinase, Protein kinase B, G protein-coupled receptor kinase, Protein kinase A, Mitogen-activated protein kinase, Cyclin-dependent kinase, Protein kinase C, AMP-activated protein kinase, CGMP-dependent protein kinase, Phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1, Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II, Phosphorylase kinase, Casein kinase 2, MAP kinase kinase kinase, Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase, GSK-3, P38 mitogen-activated protein kinases, Doubletime (gene), Casein kinase 1, Serine/threonine-specific protein kinase flashcards Protein kinases
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  • Tyrosine kinase
    A tyrosine kinase is an enzyme that can transfer a phosphate group from ATP to a protein in a cell.
  • Protein kinase B
    Protein kinase B (PKB), also known as Akt, is a serine/threonine-specific protein kinase that plays a key role in multiple cellular processes such as glucose metabolism, apoptosis, cell proliferation, transcription and cell migration.
  • G protein-coupled receptor kinase
    G protein-coupled receptor kinases (GRKs, GPCRKs) are a family of protein kinases that regulate the activity of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) by phosphorylating their intracellular domains after their associated G proteins have been released and activated.
  • Protein kinase A
    In cell biology, protein kinase A (PKA) is a family of enzymes whose activity is dependent on cellular levels of cyclic AMP (cAMP).
  • Mitogen-activated protein kinase
    Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) are protein kinases that are specific to the amino acids serine, threonine, and tyrosine.
  • Cyclin-dependent kinase
    Cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) are a family of protein kinases first discovered for their role in regulating the cell cycle.
  • Protein kinase C
    Protein kinase C, commonly abbreviated to PKC (EC 2.7.11.13), is a family of protein kinase enzymes that are involved in controlling the function of other proteins through the phosphorylation of hydroxyl groups of serine and threonine amino acid residues on these proteins, or a member of this family.
  • AMP-activated protein kinase
    5' AMP-activated protein kinase or AMPK or 5' adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase is an enzyme that plays a role in cellular energy homeostasis.
  • CGMP-dependent protein kinase
    cGMP-dependent protein kinase or Protein Kinase G (PKG) is a serine/threonine-specific protein kinase that is activated by cGMP.
  • Phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1
    In the field of biochemistry, 3-phosphoinositide dependent protein kinase-1, also known as PDPK1 is a protein which in humans is encoded by the PDPK1 gene.
  • Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II
    Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaM kinase II or CaMKII) is a serine/threonine-specific protein kinase that is regulated by the Ca2+/calmodulin complex.
  • Phosphorylase kinase
    Phosphorylase kinase (PhK) is a serine/threonine-specific protein kinase which activates glycogen phosphorylase to release glucose-1-phosphate from glycogen.
  • Casein kinase 2
    The Casein kinase 2 (EC 2.7.11.1) is a serine/threonine-selective protein kinase that is a tetramer of two alpha subunits and two beta subunits.
  • MAP kinase kinase kinase
    MAP kinase kinase kinase (or MAP3K or MEKK) is a serine/threonine-specific protein kinase which acts upon MAP kinase kinase.
  • Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase
    Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (also known as MAP2K, MEK, MAPKK) is a kinase enzyme which phosphorylates mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK).
  • GSK-3
    Glycogen synthase kinase 3 is a serine/threonine protein kinase that mediates the addition of phosphate molecules onto serine and threonine amino acid residues.
  • P38 mitogen-activated protein kinases
    (Main article: Mitogen-activated protein kinase) P38 mitogen-activated protein kinases are a class of mitogen-activated protein kinases that are responsive to stress stimuli, such as cytokines, ultraviolet irradiation, heat shock, and osmotic shock, and are involved in cell differentiation, apoptosis and autophagy.
  • Doubletime (gene)
    Doubletime (dbt) also known as discs overgrown (dco) is a gene that encodes the double-time protein (DBT) in Drosophila melanogaster.
  • Casein kinase 1
    The Casein kinase 1 family (EC 2.7.11.1) of protein kinases are serine/threonine-selective enzymes that function as regulators of signal transduction pathways in most eukaryotic cell types.
  • Serine/threonine-specific protein kinase
    A serine/threonine protein kinase (EC 2.7.11.1) is a kinase enzyme that phosphorylates the OH group of serine or threonine (which have similar sidechains).