Political repression in the Soviet Union

2017-07-28T21:10:15+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Refusenik, Samizdat, Glasnost Meeting, Donskoy Monastery, NKVD, Joint State Political Directorate, Doctors' plot, Destruction battalions, Red Terror, Without the right of correspondence, Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee, Sluggish schizophrenia, Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Political Repressions, Bolshoy Dom, Soviet OMON assaults on Lithuanian border posts, Vaninsky port, Black January, Great Purge, Journey into the Whirlwind, Soviet Republic of Naissaar, Kola Norwegians, Enemy of the people, Isidor Sârbu, Turks in the former Soviet Union, Hamid bey Shahtakhtinski flashcards Political repression in the Soviet Union
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  • Refusenik
    Refusenik (Russian: отказник, otkaznik, from "отказ", otkaz "refusal") was an unofficial term for individuals, typically but not exclusively Soviet Jews, who were denied permission to emigrate by the authorities of the former Soviet Union and other countries of the Eastern bloc.
  • Samizdat
    Samizdat (Russian: самизда́т; IPA: [səmɨzˈdat]) was a key form of dissident activity across the Soviet bloc in which individuals reproduced censored and underground publications by hand and passed the documents from reader to reader.
  • Glasnost Meeting
    The Glasnost Meeting (glasnost rally, "meeting of openness", Russian: Ми́тинг гла́сности) was the first spontaneous public political demonstration in the Soviet Union after the Second World War.
  • Donskoy Monastery
    Donskoy Monastery (Russian: Донско́й монасты́рь) is a major monastery in Moscow, founded in 1591 in commemoration of Moscow's deliverance from the threat of an invasion by the Crimean Khan Kazy-Girey.
  • NKVD
    The People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs (Народный комиссариат внутренних дел, Narodnyi Komissariat Vnutrennikh Del), abbreviated NKVD (НКВД ), was a law enforcement agency of the Soviet Union that directly executed the will of the All Union Communist Party.
  • Joint State Political Directorate
    The Joint State Political Directorate (also translated as the All-Union State Political Administration and Unified State Political Directorate) was the secret police of the Soviet Union from 1923 to 1934.
  • Doctors' plot
    The Doctors' plot (Russian: дело врачей [delo vrachey, "doctors' case"], врачи-вредители [vrachi-vreditely, "doctors-saboteurs"], or врачи-убийцы [vrachi-ubiytsy "doctors-killers"]) was an episode of antisemitism in the Soviet Union under Joseph Stalin's regime.
  • Destruction battalions
    Destruction battalions, colloquially istrebitels (истребители, "destroyers", "exterminators") abbreviated: istrebki (Russian), strybki (Ukrainian) were paramilitary units under the control of NKVD in the western Soviet Union, which performed tasks of internal security in the Eastern Front (World War II) and after it.
  • Red Terror
    The Red Terror was a campaign of mass killings, torture, and systematic oppression conducted by the Bolsheviks after the beginning of the Russian Civil War in 1918.
  • Without the right of correspondence
    "Without the right of correspondence", WRC (Russian: Без права переписки, abbreviated as БПП in official documents) was a clause in a sentence of many political convicts in the Soviet Union.
  • Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee
    The Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee (JAC, Russian: Еврейский антифашистский комитет Yevreysky antifashistsky komitet, ЕАК) was organized by the Jewish Bund (labor union) leaders Henryk Erlich and Victor Alter, upon an initiative of Soviet authorities, in fall 1941; both were released from prison in connection with their participation.
  • Sluggish schizophrenia
    Sluggish schizophrenia or slow progressive schizophrenia (Russian: вялотеку́щая шизофрени́я, vyalotekushchaya shizofreniya) was a diagnostic category used in Soviet Russia to describe a what they claimed was a form of schizophrenia characterized by a slowly progressive course; it was diagnosed even in a patient who showed no symptoms of schizophrenia or other psychotic disorders, on the assumption that these symptoms would appear later.
  • Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Political Repressions
    Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Political Repressions (Russian: День памяти жертв политических репрессий), is an annual day of remembrance for victims of political repression in the Soviet Union.
  • Bolshoy Dom
    The Big House (Russian: Большой дом, Bolshoy dom) is an unofficial name of the building in Saint Petersburg, Russia, shared by the headquarters of the local Saint Petersburg and Leningrad Oblast branch of the Federal Security Service of Russia and the Saint Petersburg and Leningrad Oblast Main Department of Internal Affairs.
  • Soviet OMON assaults on Lithuanian border posts
    Several Soviet OMON assaults on Lithuanian border posts occurred in 1991, after Lithuania declared its independence from the Soviet Union on March 11, 1990.
  • Vaninsky port
    I remember that port in Vanino (Russian: Я помню тот Ванинский порт) is a popular Russian folk song of the USSR epoch, which is often called an anthem of Soviet GULAG prisoners on Kolyma.
  • Black January
    Black January (Azerbaijani: Qara Yanvar), also known as Black Saturday or the January Massacre, was a violent crackdown in Baku on January 19–20, 1990, pursuant to a state of emergency during the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
  • Great Purge
    The Great Purge or the Great Terror (Russian: Большо́й терро́р) was a campaign of political repression in the Soviet Union which occurred from 1936 to 1938.
  • Journey into the Whirlwind
    Journey into the Whirlwind is the English title of the critically acclaimed memoir by Eugenia Ginzburg.
  • Soviet Republic of Naissaar
    The Soviet Republic of Soldiers and Fortress-Builders of Naissaar was a revolutionary state that during the First World War controlled the Estonian island of Naissaar (Swedish: Nargö; German: Nargen) in 1917–1918 for a brief period after the October Revolution and prior to the Occupation of Estonia by the German Empire.
  • Kola Norwegians
    The Kola Norwegians (Norwegian: Kolanordmenn) were Norwegian settlers along the coastline of the Kola Peninsula in Russia.
  • Enemy of the people
    The term enemy of the people is a fluid designation of political or class opponents of the group using the term.
  • Isidor Sârbu
    Isidor Sârbu (1886 in Corjova, Russia) was a Moldavian victim of dekulakization.
  • Turks in the former Soviet Union
    Turks in the former Soviet Union were a relatively small minority within the Soviet Union.
  • Hamid bey Shahtakhtinski
    Hamid bey Shakhtakhtinski Khalil oglu (Azerbaijani: Həmid bəy Şahtaxtinski Xəlil oğlu; 1880–1944) was an Azerbaijani statesman who served as Minister of Education and Religious Affairs in the fifth cabinet of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, and was member of Parliament of Azerbaijan.