Plastics

2017-07-27T17:55:13+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Elastomer, Cellophane, Polyvinylidene fluoride, Fire retardant, Polyoxymethylene, Polybutylene, Nylon 6, Polyethylene terephthalate, Poly(methyl methacrylate), Polyethylene, Polypropylene, Polytetrafluoroethylene, Polyvinyl chloride, 1,2-Dichloroethane, Ethylene-vinyl acetate, Acrylic fiber, Bakelite, Diethylhydroxylamine, Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene, Celluloid, Urea-formaldehyde, Carbon black, ETFE, Plasticizer, Polybutylene terephthalate, Polyurea, Calender, Chlorinated polyvinyl chloride, Ethyl cellulose, Nafion, Oxo Biodegradable, Polymethylpentene, Polyaspartic, Polyetherimide, Nylon 66, Styrene-acrylonitrile resin, Ethylene vinyl alcohol, ECTFE, Polystyrene sulfonate, Polytrimethylene terephthalate, Saran (plastic), Polyhydroxyethylmethacrylate, Polyvinyl fluoride, Plastic shopping bag, Polypropylene carbonate flashcards Plastics
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  • Elastomer
    An elastomer is a polymer with viscoelasticity (having both viscosity and elasticity) and very weak inter-molecular forces, generally having low Young's modulus and high failure strain compared with other materials.
  • Cellophane
    (For other uses, see Cellophane (disambiguation).) Cellophane is a thin, transparent sheet made of regenerated cellulose.
  • Polyvinylidene fluoride
    Polyvinylidene fluoride, or polyvinylidene difluoride, (PVDF) is a highly non-reactive thermoplastic fluoropolymer produced by the polymerization of vinylidene difluoride.
  • Fire retardant
    A fire retardant is a substance that reduces flammability of fuels or delays their combustion.
  • Polyoxymethylene
    Polyoxymethylene (POM), also known as acetal, polyacetal and polyformaldehyde, is an engineering thermoplastic used in precision parts requiring high stiffness, low friction and excellent dimensional stability.
  • Polybutylene
    Polybutylene (polybutene-1, poly(1-butene), PB-1) is a polyolefin or saturated polymer with the chemical formula (C4H8)n.
  • Nylon 6
    Nylon 6 or polycaprolactam is a polymer developed by Paul Schlack at IG Farben to reproduce the properties of nylon 6,6 without violating the patent on its production.
  • Polyethylene terephthalate
    Polyethylene terephthalate (sometimes written poly(ethylene terephthalate)), commonly abbreviated PET, PETE, or the obsolete PETP or PET-P, is the most common thermoplastic polymer resin of the polyester family and is used in fibers for clothing, containers for liquids and foods, thermoforming for manufacturing, and in combination with glass fiber for engineering resins.
  • Poly(methyl methacrylate)
    Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), also known as acrylic or acrylic glass as well as by the trade names Plexiglas, Acrylite, Lucite, and Perspex among several others (see below), is a transparent thermoplastic often used in sheet form as a lightweight or shatter-resistant alternative to glass.
  • Polyethylene
    Polyethylene (abbreviated PE) or polyethene (IUPAC name polyethene or poly(methylene)) is the most common plastic.
  • Polypropylene
    Polypropylene (PP), also known as polypropene, is a thermoplastic polymer used in a wide variety of applications including packaging and labeling, textiles (e.g., ropes, thermal underwear and carpets), stationery, plastic parts and reusable containers of various types, laboratory equipment, loudspeakers, automotive components, and polymer banknotes.
  • Polytetrafluoroethylene
    Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) is a synthetic fluoropolymer of tetrafluoroethylene that has numerous applications.
  • Polyvinyl chloride
    Polyvinyl chloride, more correctly but unusually poly(vinyl chloride), commonly abbreviated PVC, is the world's third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer, after polyethylene and polypropylene.
  • 1,2-Dichloroethane
    The chemical compound 1,2-dichloroethane commonly known as ethylene dichloride (EDC), is a chlorinated hydrocarbon.
  • Ethylene-vinyl acetate
    Ethylene-vinyl acetate (EVA), also known as poly(ethylene-vinyl acetate) (PEVA), is the copolymer of ethylene and vinyl acetate.
  • Acrylic fiber
    Acrylic fibers are synthetic fibers made from a polymer (polyacrylonitrile) with an average molecular weight of ~100,000, about 1900 monomer units.
  • Bakelite
    Bakelite (/ˈbeɪkəlaɪt/ BAY-kə-lyt, sometimes spelled Baekelite), or polyoxybenzylmethylenglycolanhydride, is an early plastic.
  • Diethylhydroxylamine
    Diethylhydroxylamine (DEHA) is a chemical used in some plastics.
  • Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene
    Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) (chemical formula (C8H8)x·​(C4H6)y·​(C3H3N)z) is a common thermoplastic polymer.
  • Celluloid
    Celluloids are a class of compounds created from nitrocellulose and camphor, with added dyes and other agents.
  • Urea-formaldehyde
    Urea-formaldehyde, also known as urea-methanal, so named for its common synthesis pathway and overall structure, is a non-transparent thermosetting resin or plastic, made from urea and formaldehyde heated in the presence of a base.
  • Carbon black
    Carbon black (subtypes are acetylene black, channel black, furnace black, lamp black and thermal black) is a material produced by the incomplete combustion of heavy petroleum products such as FCC tar, coal tar, ethylene cracking tar, and a small amount from vegetable oil.
  • ETFE
    Ethylene tetrafluoroethylene (ETFE) is a fluorine-based plastic.
  • Plasticizer
    Plasticizers (UK: plasticisers) or dispersants are additives that increase the plasticity or viscosity of a material.
  • Polybutylene terephthalate
    Polybutylene terephthalate (PBT) is a thermoplastic engineering polymer that is used as an insulator in the electrical and electronics industries.
  • Polyurea
    Polyurea is a type of elastomer that is derived from the reaction product of an isocyanate component and a synthetic resin blend component through step-growth polymerization.
  • Calender
    A calender is a series of hard pressure rollers used to form or smooth a sheet of material such as paper or plastic film.
  • Chlorinated polyvinyl chloride
    Chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (CPVC) is a thermoplastic produced by chlorination of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) resin which is significantly more flexible and can withstand higher temperatures than standard PVC.
  • Ethyl cellulose
    Ethyl cellulose is a derivative of cellulose in which some of the hydroxyl groups on the repeating glucose units are converted into ethyl ether groups.
  • Nafion
    Nafion is a sulfonated tetrafluoroethylene based fluoropolymer-copolymer discovered in the late 1960s by Walther Grot of DuPont.
  • Oxo Biodegradable
    OXO Biodegradable OXO-biodegradation is defined by CEN (the European Standards Organisation) {CEN/TR 1535-2006} as "degradation resulting from oxidative and cell-mediated phenomena, either simultaneously or successively.
  • Polymethylpentene
    Polymethylpentene (PMP), also known as Poly(4-methyl-1-pentene), is a thermoplastic polymer of 4-methyl-1-pentene.
  • Polyaspartic
    Polyaspartic chemistry was first introduced in the early 1990s making it a relatively new class of coating.
  • Polyetherimide
    Polyetherimide (PEI) is an amorphous, amber-to-transparent thermoplastic with characteristics similar to the related plastic PEEK.
  • Nylon 66
    Nylon 66 (aka nylon 6-6, nylon 6/6 or nylon 6,6) is a type of polyamide or nylon.
  • Styrene-acrylonitrile resin
    The relative composition is typically between 70 and 80% by weight styrene and 20 to 30% acrylonitrile.
  • Ethylene vinyl alcohol
    Ethylene vinyl alcohol (EVOH) is a formal copolymer of ethylene and vinyl alcohol.
  • ECTFE
    ECTFE (Ethylene ChloroTriFluoroEthylene) was designed to provide excellent chemical resistance in heavy duty corrosion applications.
  • Polystyrene sulfonate
    Polystyrene sulfonates are polymers derived from polystyrene but containing sulfonate functional groups.
  • Polytrimethylene terephthalate
    Polytrimethylene terephthalate (PTT), is a polyester synthesized and patented in 1941.
  • Saran (plastic)
    Saran is the trade name for a number of polymers made from vinylidene chloride (especially polyvinylidene chloride or PVDC), along with other monomers.
  • Polyhydroxyethylmethacrylate
    Poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) (pHEMA) is a polymer that forms a hydrogel in water.
  • Polyvinyl fluoride
    Polyvinyl fluoride (PVF) or –(CH2CHF)n– is a polymer material mainly used in the flammability-lowering coatings of airplane interiors and photovoltaic module backsheets.
  • Plastic shopping bag
    Plastic shopping bags, carrier bags, or plastic grocery bags are a type of plastic bag, that used as shopping bag and made from various kinds of plastic.
  • Polypropylene carbonate
    Polypropylene carbonate (PPC), a copolymer of carbon dioxide and propylene oxide, is a thermoplastic material.