Plasma physics

2017-07-27T22:37:01+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Fusor, High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program, Magnetohydrodynamic generator, Plasma lamp, Aurora, Ball lightning, Bremsstrahlung, Corona, Fluorescent lamp, Instability, Ionosphere, Plasma (physics), Sun, Airglow, Plasma globe, Z Pulsed Power Facility, Heliosphere, Magnetohydrodynamics, Corona discharge, Pinch (plasma physics), Ablation, Nuclear pulse propulsion, Plasma parameters, Plasma parameter, History of X-ray astronomy, Electrostatic discharge, Plasma Acoustic Shield System, Strangeness production, Astrophysical X-ray source flashcards Plasma physics
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  • Fusor
    A fusor is a device that uses an electric field to heat ions to conditions suitable for nuclear fusion.
  • High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program
    The High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program (HAARP) was an ionospheric research program jointly funded by the U.
  • Magnetohydrodynamic generator
    A magnetohydrodynamic generator (MHD generator) is a magnetohydrodynamic device that transforms thermal energy and kinetic energy into electricity.
  • Plasma lamp
    Plasma lamps are a type of gas discharge lamp energized by radio frequency (RF) power.
  • Aurora
    An aurora, sometimes referred to as a polar light, is a natural light display in the sky, predominantly seen in the high latitude (Arctic and Antarctic) regions.
  • Ball lightning
    Ball lightning is an unexplained atmospheric electrical phenomenon.
  • Bremsstrahlung
    Bremsstrahlung (German pronunciation: [ˈbʁɛmsˌʃtʁaːlʊŋ] , from bremsen "to brake" and Strahlung "radiation"; i.e., "braking radiation" or "deceleration radiation") is electromagnetic radiation produced by the deceleration of a charged particle when deflected by another charged particle, typically an electron by an atomic nucleus.
  • Corona
    A corona (Latin, 'crown') is an aura of plasma that surrounds the sun and other stars.
  • Fluorescent lamp
    A fluorescent lamp or a fluorescent tube is a low pressure mercury-vapor gas-discharge lamp that uses fluorescence to produce visible light.
  • Instability
    In numerous fields of study, the component of instability within a system is generally characterized by some of the outputs or internal states growing without bounds.
  • Ionosphere
    The ionosphere (/aɪˈɒnəˌsfɪər/) is a region of Earth's upper atmosphere, from about 60 km (37 mi) to 1,000 km (620 mi) altitude, and includes the thermosphere and parts of the mesosphere and exosphere.
  • Plasma (physics)
    Plasma (from Greek πλάσμα, "anything formed") is one of the four fundamental states of matter, the others being solid, liquid, and gas.
  • Sun
    The Sun is the star at the center of the Solar System.
  • Airglow
    The airglow phenomenon was first identified in 1868 by Swedish physicist Anders Ångström.
  • Plasma globe
    A plasma globe or plasma lamp (also called plasma ball, dome, sphere, tube or orb, depending on shape) is (usually) a clear glass sphere filled with a mixture of various noble gases with a high-voltage electrode in the center of the sphere.
  • Z Pulsed Power Facility
    The Z Pulsed Power Facility, informally known as the Z machine, is the largest high frequency electromagnetic wave generator in the world and is designed to test materials in conditions of extreme temperature and pressure.
  • Heliosphere
    The heliosphere is the bubble-like region of space dominated by the Sun, which extends far beyond the orbit of Pluto.
  • Magnetohydrodynamics
    Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD; also magneto fluid dynamics or hydromagnetics) is the study of the magnetic properties of electrically conducting fluids.
  • Corona discharge
    In electricity, a corona discharge is an electrical discharge brought on by the ionization of a fluid such as air surrounding a conductor that is electrically charged.
  • Pinch (plasma physics)
    A pinch is the compression of an electrically conducting filament by magnetic forces.
  • Ablation
    Ablation is removal of material from the surface of an object by vaporization, chipping, or other erosive processes.
  • Nuclear pulse propulsion
    Nuclear pulse propulsion or external pulsed plasma propulsion, is a hypothetical method of spacecraft propulsion that uses nuclear explosions for thrust.
  • Plasma parameters
    Plasma parameters define various characteristics of a plasma, an electrically conductive collection of charged particles that responds collectively to electromagnetic forces.
  • Plasma parameter
    The plasma parameter is a dimensionless number, denoted by capital Lambda, Λ.
  • History of X-ray astronomy
    The history of X-ray astronomy begins in the 1920s, with interest in short wave communications for the U.
  • Electrostatic discharge
    Electrostatic discharge (ESD) is the sudden flow of electricity between two electrically charged objects caused by contact, an electrical short, or dielectric breakdown.
  • Plasma Acoustic Shield System
    The Plasma Acoustic Shield System, or PASS, is in the process of being developed by Stellar Photonics.
  • Strangeness production
    Strangeness production is a signature and a diagnostic tool of quark–gluon plasma (or QGP) formation and properties.
  • Astrophysical X-ray source
    Astrophysical X-ray sources are astronomical objects with physical properties which result in the emission of X-rays.