Plant toxins

2017-07-27T19:33:04+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Cytisine, Delphinine, Linamarin, Amygdalin, Gossypol, Lotaustralin, Resiniferatoxin, Cucurbitin, Strychnine, Hyoscine hydrobromide, Anisatin, Curare, Cicutoxin, Brucine, Tinyatoxin, Oleandrin, Falcarinol, Oenanthotoxin, Pseudaconitine, Ichthyothereol, Abrin, Chaconine, Solamargine, Solasonine, Helenalin, Ledol, Mimosine, Solanidine, Antiarin, Daphnin, Tutin (toxin), Solasodine, Syringomycin E, Brunfelsamidine, Protoanemonin, Divicine, Thionin, Djenkolic acid, Persin, Swainsonine, Tagetitoxin flashcards Plant toxins
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  • Cytisine
    Cytisine, also known as baptitoxine and sophorine, is an alkaloid that occurs naturally in several plant genera, such as Laburnum and Cytisus of the family Fabaceae.
  • Delphinine
    Delphinine is a toxic diterpenoid alkaloid found in plants from the Delphinium (larkspur) and Atragene (a clematis) genera, both in the family Ranunculaceae.
  • Linamarin
    Linamarin is a cyanogenic glucoside found in the leaves and roots of plants such as cassava, lima beans, and flax.
  • Amygdalin
    Amygdalin (from Ancient Greek: ἀμυγδαλή amygdálē "almond"), is a poisonous cyanogenic glycoside found in many plants, but most notably in the seeds (kernels) of apricot, bitter almonds, apple, peach, and plum.
  • Gossypol
    Gossypol is a natural phenol derived from the cotton plant (genus Gossypium).
  • Lotaustralin
    Lotaustralin is a cyanogenic glucoside found in small amounts in Fabaceae Austral Trefoil (Lotus australis), cassava (Manihot esculenta), lima bean (Phaseolus lunatus), roseroot (Rhodiola rosea) and white clover (Trifolium repens), among other plants.
  • Resiniferatoxin
    Resiniferatoxin (RTX) is a naturally occurring chemical found in resin spurge (Euphorbia resinifera), a cactus-like plant commonly found in Morocco, and in Euphorbia poissonii found in northern Nigeria.
  • Cucurbitin
    Cucurbitin is an amino acid and a carboxypyrrolidine that is found in Cucurbita seeds.
  • Strychnine
    Strychnine (/ˈstrɪkniːn/; also US /ˈstrɪknaɪn/ or /ˈstrɪknɪn/) is a highly toxic, colorless, bitter crystalline alkaloid used as a pesticide, particularly for killing small vertebrates such as birds and rodents.
  • Hyoscine hydrobromide
    Hyoscine hydrobromide, also known as scopolamine hydrobromide, is a medication used in the treatment of motion sickness and postoperative nausea and vomiting.
  • Anisatin
    Anisatin is an extremely toxic, insecticidally active component of the Shikimi plant.
  • Curare
    Curare /kʊˈrɑːri/ or /kjʊˈrɑːri/ is a common name for various plant extract alkaloid arrow poisons originating from Central and South America.
  • Cicutoxin
    Cicutoxin is a poisonous polyyne and alcohol found in various plants, such as the highly toxic water hemlock (Cicuta species).
  • Brucine
    Brucine, an alkaloid closely related to strychnine, is most commonly found in the "Strychnos nux-vomica" tree.
  • Tinyatoxin
    Tinyatoxin (TTX or TTN) is a highly irritant analog of resiniferatoxin and capsaicin.
  • Oleandrin
    Oleandrin is a toxic cardiac glycoside found in oleander (Nerium oleander L.).
  • Falcarinol
    Falcarinol (carotatoxin) is a natural pesticide and fatty alcohol found in carrots (Daucus carota), red ginseng (Panax ginseng) and ivy.
  • Oenanthotoxin
    Oenanthotoxin is a toxin extracted from hemlock water dropwort (Oenanthe crocata) and other plants of the genus Oenanthe.
  • Pseudaconitine
    Pseudaconitine, known also as nepaline, (C36H51NO12) is an extremely toxic alkaloid found in high quantities in the roots of Aconitum ferox, also known as Indian Monkshood, which belongs to the family Ranunculaceae.
  • Ichthyothereol
    Ichthyothereol is a toxic polyyne compound found in the leaves and flowers of several plants in South and Central America.
  • Abrin
    Abrin is a highly toxic toxalbumin found in the seeds of the rosary pea (or jequirity pea), Abrus precatorius.
  • Chaconine
    α-Chaconine is a steroidal glycoalkaloid that occurs in plants of the Solanaceae family.
  • Solamargine
    Solamargine is a poisonous chemical compound that occurs in plants of the Solanaceae family, such as potatoes, tomatoes, and eggplants.
  • Solasonine
    Solasonine is a poisonous chemical compound.
  • Helenalin
    Helenalin is a sesquiterpene lactone found in Arnica montana and Arnica chamissonis foliosa.
  • Ledol
    Ledol is a poisonous sesquiterpene that can cause cramps, paralysis, and delirium.
  • Mimosine
    Mimosine or leucenol is an alkaloid, β-3-hydroxy-4 pyridone amino acid.
  • Solanidine
    Solanidine is a poisonous steroidal alkaloid chemical compound that occurs in plants of the Solanaceae family, such as potato and Solanum americanum.
  • Antiarin
    Antiarins are cardiac glycoside poisons produced by the upas tree (Antiaris toxicaria).
  • Daphnin
    Daphnin is a plant toxin.
  • Tutin (toxin)
    Tutin is a poisonous plant derivative found in the New Zealand tutu plant (Coriaria arborea, Coriaria genus, several different species).
  • Solasodine
    Solasodine is a poisonous alkaloid chemical compound that occurs in plants of the Solanaceae family.
  • Syringomycin E
    Syringomycin E is a member of a class of lipodepsinonapeptide molecules that are secreted by the plant pathogen Pseudomonas syringae.
  • Brunfelsamidine
    Brunfelsamidine is a poisonous plant derivative found in several plants from the Brunfelsia family, which has convulsant and neurotoxic effects.
  • Protoanemonin
    Protoanemonin (sometimes called anemonol or ranunculol) is a toxin found in all plants of the buttercup family (Ranunculaceae).
  • Divicine
    Divicine (2,6-diamino-4,5-dihydroxypyrimidine) is an oxidant and a base with alkaloidal properties found in fava beans and Lathyrus sativus.
  • Thionin
    Thionins (without an e) are a family of small proteins found solely in higher plants.
  • Djenkolic acid
    Djenkolic acid (or sometimes jengkolic acid) is a sulfur-containing non-protein amino acid naturally found in djenkol beans of the South-East Asian legumes jengkol (Archidendron jiringa).
  • Persin
    Persin is a fungicidal toxin present in the avocado.
  • Swainsonine
    Swainsonine is an indolizidine alkaloid.
  • Tagetitoxin
    Tagetitoxin (TGT) is a bacterial phytotoxin produced by Pseudomonas syringae pv.