2017-07-27T20:04:37+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Umber, Cobalt(II) sulfate, Cinnabar, Cobalt blue, Crimson, Lead(II) chromate, Lithopone, Sudan I, Titanium dioxide, Zinc oxide, Iron(III) oxide, Orpiment, Ultramarine, Barium chromate, Tin(IV) sulfide, Tyrian purple, Gamboge, Hematoporphyrin, Lazurite, Phytochrome, Bistre, Thelephoric acid, Barium sulfate, Lycopene, Melanin, Mercury sulfide, Ochre, Prussian blue, White lead, Biliverdin, Carbon black, Stercobilin, Tekhelet, Minium (mineral), Sepia (color), Perinone, Aureolin, Pigment Yellow 81, Arylide yellow, Flexirubin, Cerulean, Verdigris, Pigment Yellow 10, Phthalocyanine Green G, Phthalocyanine Blue BN, Naphthol Red, Xylindein, Naphthomycin A, Pigment yellow 139, Pigment yellow 185 flashcards


  • Umber
    Umber is a natural brown or reddish-brown earth pigment that contains iron oxide and manganese oxide.
  • Cobalt(II) sulfate
    Cobalt(II) sulfate is any of the inorganic compounds with the formula CoSO4(H2O)x.
  • Cinnabar
    Cinnabar (/ˈsɪnəbɑːr/) and cinnabarite (/sɪnəˈbɑːraɪt/), likely deriving from the Ancient Greek: κιννάβαρι (kinnabari), refer to the common bright scarlet to brick-red form of mercury(II) sulfide, formula HgS, that is the most common source ore for refining elemental mercury, and is the historic source for the brilliant red or scarlet pigment termed vermilion and associated red mercury pigments.
  • Cobalt blue
    Cobalt blue is a blue pigment made by sintering cobalt(II) oxide with alumina at 1200 °C.
  • Crimson
    Crimson is a strong, red color, inclining to purple.
  • Lead(II) chromate
    Lead(II) chromate (PbCrO4) is a chemical compound, a chromate of lead.
  • Lithopone
    Lithopone, C.I. Pigment White 5, is a mixture of inorganic compounds, widely used as a white pigment powder.
  • Sudan I
    Sudan I (also commonly known as CI Solvent Yellow 14 and Solvent Orange R), is an organic compound, typically classified as an azo dye.
  • Titanium dioxide
    Titanium dioxide, also known as titanium(IV) oxide or titania, is the naturally occurring oxide of titanium, chemical formula TiO2.
  • Zinc oxide
    Zinc oxide is an inorganic compound with the formula ZnO.
  • Iron(III) oxide
    Iron(III) oxide or ferric oxide is the inorganic compound with the formula Fe2O3.
  • Orpiment
    Orpiment is a deep orange-yellow colored arsenic sulfide mineral with formula As2S3.
  • Ultramarine
    Ultramarine is a deep blue color and a pigment which was originally made by grinding lapis lazuli into a powder.
  • Barium chromate
    Barium chromate, named barium tetraoxochromate(VI) by the IUPAC, is a yellow sand like powder with the formula BaCrO4.
  • Tin(IV) sulfide
    Tin(IV) sulfide is a compound with the formula SnS2.
  • Tyrian purple
    Tyrian purple (Greek, πορφύρα, porphyra, Latin: purpura), also known as Tyrian red, royal purple, imperial purple or imperial dye, is a bromine-containing reddish-purple natural dye.
  • Gamboge
    Gamboge (/ɡæmˈboʊʒ/ gam-BOHZH, /ɡæmˈboʊdʒ/ gam-BOHJ, or /ɡæmˈbuːʒ/ gam-BOOZH) is a partially transparent deep saffron to mustard yellow pigment.
  • Hematoporphyrin
    Hematoporphyrin (Photodyn, Sensibion) is an endogenous porphyrin formed by the acid hydrolysis of hemoglobin.
  • Lazurite
    Lazurite is a tectosilicate mineral with sulfate, sulfur and chloride with formula: (Na,Ca)8[(S,Cl,SO4,OH)2|(Al6Si6O24)].
  • Phytochrome
    Phytochrome is a photoreceptor, a pigment that plants, and some bacteria and fungi, use to detect light.
  • Bistre
    Bistre (or bister) can refer to two things: a very dark shade of grayish black (the version shown on the immediate right); a shade of brown made from soot, or the name for a color resembling the brownish pigment.
  • Thelephoric acid
    Thelephoric acid is a terphenylquinone pigment that is found in several fungi, such as Omphalotus subilludens and Polyozellus multiplex.
  • Barium sulfate
    Barium sulfate (or sulphate) is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula BaSO4.
  • Lycopene
    Lycopene from the neo-Latin lycopersicum, the tomato species, is a bright red carotene and carotenoid pigment and phytochemical found in tomatoes and other red fruits and vegetables, such as red carrots, watermelons, gac, and papayas, although not in strawberries, or cherries.
  • Melanin
    Melanin /ˈmɛlənɪn/ (Greek: μέλας – melas, "black, dark") is a broad term for a group of natural pigments found in most organisms (arachnids are one of the few groups in which it has not been detected).
  • Mercury sulfide
    Mercury sulfide, mercuric sulfide, mercury sulphide, or mercury(II) sulfide is a chemical compound composed of the chemical elements mercury and sulfur.
  • Ochre
    Ochre (/ˈoʊkər/ OH-kər; from Greek: ὠχρός, ōkhrós, (pale yellow, pale), also spelled ocher, see spelling differences) is a natural earth pigment containing hydrated iron oxide, which ranges in color from yellow to deep orange or brown.
  • Prussian blue
    Prussian blue is a dark blue pigment with the idealized chemical formula Fe7(CN)18.
  • White lead
    White lead is the basic lead carbonate (2PbCO3·Pb(OH)2).
  • Biliverdin
    Biliverdin is a green tetrapyrrolic bile pigment, and is a product of heme catabolism.
  • Carbon black
    Carbon black (subtypes are acetylene black, channel black, furnace black, lamp black and thermal black) is a material produced by the incomplete combustion of heavy petroleum products such as FCC tar, coal tar, ethylene cracking tar, and a small amount from vegetable oil.
  • Stercobilin
    Stercobilin is a tetrapyrrolic bile pigment and is one end-product of heme catabolism.
  • Tekhelet
    Tekhelet (Hebrew: תכלת təḵêleṯ, "blue-violet", or "blue", or "turquoise" (alternate spellings include tekheleth, t'chelet, techelet and techeiles) is a blue dye mentioned 49 times in the Hebrew Bible/Tanakh. It was used in the clothing of the High Priest, the tapestries in the Tabernacle, and the tassels (Hebrew: ציצית, Tzitzit (or Ṣiṣiyot) [tsiˈtsit], pl. Tzitziyot or Ṣiṣiyot) affixed to the corners of one's four-cornered garment, such as the Tallit (garment worn during prayer, usually).
  • Minium (mineral)
    Minium is the naturally occurring form of lead tetroxide, Pb2+2Pb4+O4 also known as red lead.
  • Sepia (color)
    Sepia is a reddish-brown color, named after the rich brown pigment derived from the ink sac of the common cuttlefish Sepia.
  • Perinone
    Perinone is a class of organic compounds.
  • Aureolin
    Aureolin (sometimes called Cobalt Yellow) is a pigment sparingly used in oil and watercolor painting.
  • Pigment Yellow 81
    Pigment Yellow 81 is an organic compound that is classified as a diarylide pigment.
  • Arylide yellow
    Arylide yellow, also known as Hansa yellow and monoazo yellow, are a family of organic compounds used as pigments.
  • Flexirubin
    Flexirubin is the main pigment which occurs in the Bacteria genera of Flexibacter, Flavobacterium, Chryseobacterium and Cytophaga.
  • Cerulean
    Cerulean (/səˈruːliən/), also spelled caerulean, is a color term that may be applied to certain colors with the hue ranging roughly between blue and cyan, overlapping with both.
  • Verdigris
    Verdigris is the common name for a green pigment obtained through the application of acetic acid to copper plates or the natural patina formed when copper, brass or bronze is weathered and exposed to air or seawater over a period of time.
  • Pigment Yellow 10
    Pigment Yellow 10 is an organic compound that is classified as a Monoazopyrazolone pigment.
  • Phthalocyanine Green G
    Phthalocyanine green G, also called phthalo green, viridian hue, pigment green 7, copper phthalocyanine green, C.
  • Phthalocyanine Blue BN
    Phthalocyanine Blue BN, also called Monastral blue, phthalo blue, thalo blue (and others) (CAS 147-14-8, EINECS 205-685-1), is a bright, crystalline, synthetic blue pigment from the group of phthalocyanine dyes.
  • Naphthol Red
    Naphthol Red (Pigment red 170 or PR170) is an organic pigment extensively used in automotive coatings and painting.
  • Xylindein
    Xylindein is a quinone pigment, a dimeric naphthoquinone derivative.
  • Naphthomycin A
    Naphthomycin A is a type of naphthomycin.
  • Pigment yellow 139
    Pigment yellow 139 is an organic compound that is used as a yellow-orange pigment.
  • Pigment yellow 185
    Pigment yellow 185 is an organic compound that is used as a green yellow pigment and optical brightener.