Philosophy of mind

2017-07-27T19:05:31+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Memetics, Brain in a vat, Conscience, Present, Self-concept, Autopoiesis, Chinese room, Mind–body problem, Externalism, Physicalism, Problem of mental causation, Meme, Rationality, Personal identity, Apperception, Index of philosophy of mind articles, Sentience, Introspection illusion, Simulated reality, Consciousness after death flashcards Philosophy of mind
Click to flip
  • Memetics
    Memetics is the theory of mental content based on an analogy with Darwinian evolution, originating from the popularization of Richard Dawkins' 1976 book The Selfish Gene.
  • Brain in a vat
    In philosophy, the brain in a vat (alternately known as brain in a jar) is a scenario used in a variety of thought experiments intended to draw out certain features of our ideas of knowledge, reality, truth, mind, consciousness and meaning.
  • Conscience
    Conscience is an aptitude, faculty, intuition or judgment that assists in distinguishing right from wrong.
  • Present
    The present (or here and now) is the time that is associated with the events perceived directly and in the first time, not as a recollection (perceived more than once) or a speculation (predicted, hypothesis, uncertain).
  • Self-concept
    One's self-concept (also called self-construction, self-identity, self-perspective or self-structure) is a collection of beliefs about oneself that includes elements such as academic performance, gender roles, sexuality, and racial identity.
  • Autopoiesis
    The term "autopoiesis" (from Greek αὐτo- (auto-), meaning "self", and ποίησις (poiesis), meaning "creation, production") refers to a system capable of reproducing and maintaining itself.
  • Chinese room
    The Chinese room argument holds that a program cannot give a computer a "mind", "understanding" or "consciousness", regardless of how intelligently or human-like the program may make the computer behave.
  • Mind–body problem
    The mind–body problem is the problem of explaining how mental states, events and processes—like beliefs, actions and thinking—are related to the physical states, events and processes, given that the human body is a physical entity and the mind is non-physical.
  • Externalism
    Externalism is a group of positions in the philosophy of mind which argues that the conscious mind is not only the result of what is going on inside the nervous system (or the brain), but also what occurs or exists outside the subject.
  • Physicalism
    In philosophy, physicalism is the ontological thesis that "everything is physical", that there is "nothing over and above" the physical, or that everything supervenes on the physical.
  • Problem of mental causation
    The problem of mental causation is a conceptual issue in the philosophy of mind.
  • Meme
    A meme (/ˈmiːm/ MEEM) is "an idea, behavior, or style that spreads from person to person within a culture".
  • Rationality
    Rationality is the quality or state of being reasonable, based on facts or reason.
  • Personal identity
    In philosophy, the matter of personal identity deals with such questions as, "What makes it true that a person at one time is the same thing as a person at another time?" or "What kinds of things are we persons?" The term "identity" in "personal identity" refers to "numerical identity," where saying that X and Y are numerically identical just means that X and Y are the same thing.
  • Apperception
    Apperception (from the Latin ad-, "to, toward" and percipere, "to perceive, gain, secure, learn, or feel") is any of several aspects of perception and consciousness in such fields as psychology, philosophy and epistemology.
  • Index of philosophy of mind articles
    This is .(The main article for this category is Philosophy of mind.) (See also: List of philosophers of mind) * Alan Turing * Alexius Meinong * Anomalous monism * Anthony Kenny * Arnold Geulincx * Association for the Scientific Study of Consciousness * Australian materialism * Baruch Spinoza * Biological naturalism * Brain in a vat * C.
  • Sentience
    Sentience is the capacity to feel, perceive, or experience subjectively.
  • Introspection illusion
    The introspection illusion is a cognitive bias in which people wrongly think they have direct insight into the origins of their mental states, while treating others' introspections as unreliable.
  • Simulated reality
    Simulated reality is the hypothesis that reality could be simulated—for example by computer simulation—to a degree indistinguishable from "true" reality.
  • Consciousness after death
    Consciousness after death is a common theme in society and culture in the context of life after death.