2017-07-27T22:40:14+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Golden Rule, Constitutionalism, Jurisprudence, Laws (dialogue), Legal positivism, Philosophy of law, Rule of law, Political sociology, Public interest, Torture, Elements of the Philosophy of Right, German Historical School, Authority, Organic law, Positivism, Rechtsstaat, Dignity, Positive law, Philosophy of human rights, Judicial activism, Unrechtsstaat, Competition law theory, Radbruch formula, Divine law, Normative, Law's Empire, Public policy doctrine, Treatise on Law, German Ethics Council, Auctoritas, Letter and spirit of the law flashcards
Philosophy of law

Philosophy of law

  • Golden Rule
    The Golden Rule or law of reciprocity is the principle of treating others as one would wish to be treated oneself.
  • Constitutionalism
    Constitutionalism is "a complex of ideas, attitudes, and patterns of behavior elaborating the principle that the authority of government derives from and is limited by a body of fundamental law".
  • Jurisprudence
    Jurisprudence is the science, study, and theory of law.
  • Laws (dialogue)
    The Laws (Greek: Νόμοι; Latin: De Legibus) is Plato's last and longest dialogue.
  • Legal positivism
    Legal positivism is a school of thought of analytical jurisprudence, largely developed by eighteenth- and nineteenth-century legal thinkers such as Jeremy Bentham and John Austin.
  • Philosophy of law
    Philosophy of law is a branch of philosophy and jurisprudence that seeks to answer basic questions about law and legal systems, such as "What is law?", "What are the criteria for legal validity?", "What is the relationship between law and morality?", and many other similar questions.
  • Rule of law
    The rule of law is the legal principle that law should govern a nation, as opposed to being governed by arbitrary decisions of individual government officials.
  • Political sociology
    Contemporary political sociology involves, but is not limited to, the study of the relations between state, society, and citizens.
  • Public interest
    Public interest, according to the Random House Dictionary, is "1.
  • Torture
    Torture (from the Latin tortus, "twisted") is the act of deliberately inflicting physical or psychological pain on an organism in order to fulfill some desire of the torturer or compel some action from the victim.
  • Elements of the Philosophy of Right
    Elements of the Philosophy of Right (EPR; German: Grundlinien der Philosophie des Rechts, GPR) is a work by Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel published in 1820, though the book's original title page dates it to 1821.
  • German Historical School
    The German Historical School of Jurisprudence is a 19th-century intellectual movement in the study of German law.
  • Authority
    The word authority (derived from the Latin word auctoritas) can be used to mean the right to exercise power given by the State (in the form of government, judges, police officers, etc.), or by academic knowledge of an area (someone that can be an authority on a subject).
  • Organic law
    An organic law is a law, or system of laws, that form the foundation of a government, corporation or any other organization's body of rules.
  • Positivism
    Positivism is a philosophical theory stating that positive knowledge is based on natural phenomena and their properties and relations.
  • Rechtsstaat
    Rechtsstaat is a doctrine in continental European legal thinking, originating in German jurisprudence, that can be translated as "legal state", "state of law", "state of justice", "state of rights", or "state based on justice and integrity".
  • Dignity
    Moral, ethical, legal, and political discussions use the concept of dignity to express the idea that a being has an innate right to be valued, respected, and to receive ethical treatment.
  • Positive law
    Positive laws (Latin: ius positum) are human-made laws that oblige or specify an action.
  • Philosophy of human rights
    The philosophy of human rights attempts to examine the underlying basis of the concept of human rights and critically looks at its content and justification.
  • Judicial activism
    Judicial activism refers to judicial rulings suspected of being based on personal or political considerations rather than on existing law.
  • Unrechtsstaat
    The term Unrechtsstaat is a pejorative used to refer to a state that is not a Rechtsstaat, or a constitutional state in which the exercise of governmental power is not constrained by the law.
  • Competition law theory
    Competition law theory covers the strands of thought relating to competition law or antitrust policy.
  • Radbruch formula
    The Radbruch Formula (German: Radbruchsche Formel) is a theory of law which was first formulated in a 1946 essay by the German law professor and politician Gustav Radbruch.
  • Divine law
    Divine law is any law that comes directly from the "will of God" in contrast to man-made law.
  • Normative
    Normative means relating to an ideal standard or model, or being based on what is considered to be the normal or correct way of doing something.
  • Law's Empire
    Law's Empire is a 1986 text in legal philosophy by the late Oxford scholar Ronald Dworkin which continues his criticism of the philosophy of legal positivism as promoted by H.
  • Public policy doctrine
    In private international law, the public policy doctrine or ordre public concerns the body of principles that underpin the operation of legal systems in each state.
  • Treatise on Law
    Treatise on Law is St.
  • German Ethics Council
    German Ethics Council (German: Deutscher Ethikrat) (Precursor from June 2001 to February 2008: National Ethics Council) is an independent council of experts in Germany working on the ethical, social, scientific, medical, and legal issues and their consequences for the individuals and the society.
  • Auctoritas
    Auctoritas is a Latin word and is the origin of English "authority".
  • Letter and spirit of the law
    The letter of the law versus the spirit of the law is an idiomatic antithesis.